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Copyright workshop, Bernie Attwell July 2011


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Presentation given by Bernie Atwell at Introduction to OER at York at 14:00

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Copyright workshop, Bernie Attwell July 2011

  1. 1. SCORE The Support Centre for Open Resources in Education Copyright Workshop 27 July 2011 Bernadette Attwell
  2. 2. Copyright <ul><li>No formal registration system </li></ul><ul><li>No quality threshold </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by the author in first instance </li></ul><ul><li>Represents control over ‘restricted acts’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Protected by Copyright? <ul><li>Original Literary Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inc. Prose, Poetry, Tables, Compilations, Songs, Computer Programmes, Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Original Musical Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical Notation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Original Dramatic Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays, Scripts, Screen Plays, Mime, Choreography </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Original Artistic Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting, Drawing, Sculpture, Jewellery, Graphics, Architectural Designs, Buildings, Maps, Charts, Carvings, Photographs </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is Protected by Copyright? <ul><li>Films </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Typographical Arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Performances </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul>
  5. 5. Duration <ul><li>Original Literary, Dramatic, Musical & Artistic Works </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life Of The Author/Owner Plus 70 YEARS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadcasts 50 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Recordings 50 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Film - Life Of 4 Authors Plus 70 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Typographical Arrangements 25 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Performances 50 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Designs (registered) 25 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>Databases 15 YEARS </li></ul>
  6. 6. Film - Authors <ul><li>Director </li></ul><ul><li>Author of the Screenplay </li></ul><ul><li>Author of the Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Composer of any Original Soundtrack </li></ul>
  7. 7. Restricted Acts <ul><li>Copying </li></ul><ul><li>Issuing Copies To The Public </li></ul><ul><li>Performing, Showing Or Playing To The Public </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting </li></ul><ul><li>Storing In Any Electronic Medium </li></ul><ul><li>Altering/Removing Rights Management data </li></ul><ul><li>Overriding Security Systems </li></ul>
  8. 8. Restricted Acts <ul><li>Rental And Lending </li></ul><ul><li>Importing Infringing Copies </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing In Infringing Copies </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Means For Making Infringing Copies </li></ul><ul><li>Provision Of Premises Or Apparatus For Infringing Performances </li></ul><ul><li>Authorising Infringement </li></ul>
  9. 9. Permitted Acts <ul><li>Insubstantial Use </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Commercial Research Or Private Study </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Dealing For The Purposes Of Criticism Or Review </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Dealing For The Purposes Of Reporting Current Events </li></ul><ul><li>Bona Fide Examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction in film making and sound recording </li></ul>
  10. 10. Permitted Acts <ul><li>Licensed Recording Of Broadcasts By Educational Establishments </li></ul><ul><li>Photocopying Under CLA Licence </li></ul><ul><li>Video Recording At Home For 'Time-Shifting' Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Decompilation - With Caution </li></ul><ul><li>Redrawing - With Caution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Moral Rights <ul><li>Paternity Right - the right to be named as author </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity Right - the right to object to derogatory treatment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Can I Use It? Is it a work? Is it protected? Do I have a defence to allow free use? Am I performing a Restricted act? CLEAR IT USE IT No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
  13. 13. Why choose Creative Commons? <ul><li>Becoming a standard with open content communities </li></ul><ul><li>Displays a mark of commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised terms – easily understood </li></ul><ul><li>Non-commercial/educational/commercial licence to suit your business model </li></ul><ul><li>Based on collaboration and interchange </li></ul><ul><li>Moral rights are preserved </li></ul>
  14. 14. Creative Commons <ul><li>Attribution of authorship </li></ul><ul><li>Variation/no variation of content </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial/non commercial use </li></ul><ul><li>Any further use licensed on same terms </li></ul><ul><li>Internationally recognised symbols </li></ul>
  15. 15. IP Licensing issues <ul><li>Ownership of content created in-house </li></ul><ul><li>Moral rights </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing third party content </li></ul><ul><li>Business models </li></ul><ul><li>what is ‘non-commercial’? </li></ul><ul><li>Non-commercial/commercial/competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and publication of content by users </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is open content? <ul><li>Copyright or public domain </li></ul><ul><li>Open source = software </li></ul><ul><li>Open content = text and multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Opencourseware (MIT and others) </li></ul><ul><li>Open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>The OU OpenLearn </li></ul><ul><li>SCORE </li></ul>
  17. 17. Copyright & Open Content <ul><li>Copyright retained </li></ul><ul><li>Broad licensing of tools and content </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Community based </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fundamentals of CC <ul><li>Based on Copyright (does not protect ideas/facts) </li></ul><ul><li>Applies to all works (not suitable for software) </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Dealing/fair use preserved </li></ul><ul><li>Non-exclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Non-revocable </li></ul><ul><li>Think about what you are licensing </li></ul>
  19. 19. Creative Commons <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A range of standard licensing templates </li></ul><ul><li>Easily identifiable symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Licences expressed in legal, lay and computer languages </li></ul><ul><li>Does not challenge copyright. Challenges business models </li></ul>
  20. 20. Options for creative commons <ul><li>Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>Versioning or not? </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial use or not? </li></ul><ul><li>“ all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved </li></ul>