Oer projects, programmes and initiatives in the uk and internationally april 2011 andy lane

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Presentation given by Andy Lane at the SCORE Shortterm Fellows week, April 2011

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Oer projects, programmes and initiatives in the uk and internationally april 2011 andy lane

  1. 1. A global OER movement? Professor Andy Lane, Senior Fellow, SCORE
  2. 2. OER involves lots of groups and organisations around the world <ul><li>OER are explicitly funded by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OER can be found in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>funded institutional repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>funded and non-funded community based initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proprietary channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>websites of projects, groups and individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OER are being supported via </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International and national consortia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial activities and organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure activities and organizations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 27. Collaborate or compete? <ul><li>Take 5 minutes to discuss with the person next to you when it might be better to collaborate or when it might be necessary to compete in higher education around teaching and learning </li></ul>
  4. 29. Online Learning Task Force <ul><li>Recommendation 6: Investment is needed for the development and exploitation of open educational resources to enhance efficiency and quality </li></ul><ul><li>There is no point duplicating effort to create content that is already available and has been proven to work. Institutions can build on the existing open educational resources initiative (funded by HEFCE, managed by the JISC and the HEA) to achieve economies of scale and efficiencies. In addition they can pull in the best content and openly available learning resources from around the world and adapt them for particular courses. Students can then access a richer, wider range of material to enhance their learning experiences wherever they are studying, and leading experts can build a profile beyond their institution. There are also significant opportunities for partnership with private organisations to produce content that is interactive, responsive and pedagogically effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility of the JISC, HEA and the Open University (as part of its national role) – suggested investment of £5 million per year for five years, awarded under broad direction from funding councils. </li></ul>
  5. 30. Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Presenter Name
  6. 31. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium <ul><li>The OCW Movement </li></ul><ul><li>The OCW Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Membership </li></ul>
  7. 32. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement —What is OCW? OCW is a type of Open Educational Resource (OER). OER are a type of Open Content. Open Educational Resources Open Content OCW
  8. 33. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>High quality educational materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>A package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, leading to greater understanding of the issue or topic </li></ul>advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  9. 34. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>Materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>Generally includes course planning documents, thematic content, learning activities and evaluation instruments </li></ul><ul><li>lecture notes </li></ul><ul><li>syllabi </li></ul><ul><li>course calendar </li></ul><ul><li>assignments, projects, tests </li></ul><ul><li>videos or recordings of lectures </li></ul><ul><li>demonstrations and illustrations of concepts </li></ul>advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  10. 35. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>Materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>Course planning documents, thematic content, learning activities and evaluation instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification </li></ul>advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  11. 36. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>Materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>Course planning documents, thematic content, learning activities and evaluation instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification </li></ul><ul><li>Materials are a reflection of the education provided by the sponsoring institution, and from the authoring instructor(s) </li></ul>advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  12. 37. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>Materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>Course planning documents, thematic content, learning activities and evaluation instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification </li></ul><ul><li>Materials are a reflection of the sponsoring institution’s education </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions are the decision makers for their contributions, so OpenCourseWare projects can be quite different </li></ul>advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  13. 38. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium What is OpenCourseWare? Summary: <ul><li>An open courseware (ocw) is a free and open educational resource for faculty, students, and self-learners throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ocw is not a distance-learning initiative: there are no degrees granted, no student/faculty interactions and no transcripts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An ocw is a collection of high-quality learning materials presented in the form of courses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OCW materials are there for using and re-purposing. Modifications welcome! </li></ul></ul>
  14. 39. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement —How it Started Two Questions: The OCW Movement—How it Started MIT Administration posed two Questions to the Faculty Committee: <ul><ul><li>How is the internet going to change education? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is MIT going to do about it? </li></ul></ul>Former MIT President Charles Vest
  15. 40. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement—How it Started The Report <ul><li>Focus on MIT’s Mission: </li></ul><ul><li>“ to advance knowledge in ways that will </li></ul><ul><li>best serve the nation and the world” </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology to openly share </li></ul><ul><li>educational materials </li></ul>
  16. 41. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement—Global Growth As institutions and learners around the world began to realize the power of opening education to the world, the movement began on a global scale
  17. 42. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement—What is the Value? <ul><li>Meeting your organization’s desire to contribute to the social welfare of the world by making course materials free on a global scale to educators, students, and self-learners </li></ul><ul><li>Showcasing your organization’s instructional efforts by providing high quality, high visibility examples to the public, prospective students, and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a repository where faculty and researchers can have their work seen by the world </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting potential funding agencies with attractive and useful opportunities for disseminating research results </li></ul>
  18. 43. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Movement—What is the Value? <ul><li>Increasing traffic to the institution’s website </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a preview of the institution’s education to prospective students, donors, employers, officials </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a cost- and time-efficient vehicle for staff and faculty training and development </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting independent funding for public service projects </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting the incorporation of high-quality educational materials produced elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Providing entree to a world-wide community of dedicated educators </li></ul>
  19. 44. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium <ul><li>The OCW Movement </li></ul><ul><li>The OCW Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Membership </li></ul>
  20. 45. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Our mission is to advance formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.
  21. 46. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Who we are
  22. 47. The OCW Consortium • ~100 live OCW sites • ~8600 courses http://ocwconsortium.org
  23. 48. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Consortium—Growth
  24. 50. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium The OCW Consortium—Members Membership Categories Commit to publishing, under the institution's name, materials from at least 10 courses Publish courses in an area other than higher ed. or engage in activities that further Consortium goals Support the development of OCW in particular regions or around common interests Provide services for fees to other members and contribute substantially to support of the Consortium through their membership fees . <ul><li>Institutional Members </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliate Members </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Consortia </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Members </li></ul>
  25. 51. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium <ul><li>The OCW Movement </li></ul><ul><li>The OCW Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Membership </li></ul>
  26. 52. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Benefits of Membership: Consultation with experts in the Consortium Collective Visibility through international exposure Collaboration and networking with members from all over the world Sustainability
  27. 53. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Benefits of Membership: Consultation <ul><li>For new and existing OCW projects, OCWC staff and members are available to support you </li></ul><ul><li>OCWC conferences and ongoing forums provide members the opportunity to share solutions and best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Webinars and newsletters address common issues and new developments </li></ul><ul><li>The OCWC site and Toolkit provide tools for OCW development. </li></ul>
  28. 54. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Benefits of Membership: Collaboration <ul><li>The OCWC provides administrative support and space for Working Groups gathered around areas of common interest, such as Evaluation, Accessibility or Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><li>The OCWC encourages members to report on nascent projects to allow time and opportunities for collaboration </li></ul>
  29. 55. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Benefits of Membership: Collective Visibility <ul><li>The OCWC website provides direct links to the sites of its members </li></ul><ul><li>The OCW Course Finder allows users to search across OCWC member sites </li></ul><ul><li>The OCWC helps develop e-visibility guidelines for its members </li></ul><ul><li>OCWC members share media exposure </li></ul>
  30. 56. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. August 17, 2011 Name—OCW Consortium Benefits of Membership: Sustainability <ul><li>Sharing of best practices among OCWC members promotes quality and efficiency within individual projects </li></ul><ul><li>Resource-sharing across OCWC members cuts down on duplication of cost, effort and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>OCWC discussions assist members in articulating the value of OCW to their home institutions </li></ul>
  31. 60. <ul><li>Estimated 4 million additional teachers to meet EFA Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Substantial proportion of existing teachers are under qualified or unqualified </li></ul><ul><li>Concern over quality of current teacher education </li></ul><ul><li>Limited capacity and resources in existing institutions and systems </li></ul><ul><li>Poor working and learning conditions for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Multitude of languages </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of status, morale and HIV/ AIDS </li></ul>Sub Saharan Africa: The challenges for teacher education
  32. 61. French Arabic Kiswahili
  33. 62. <ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul><ul><li>National Teachers Institute (Nigeria): Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) – In-service (distance) 102,000 students </li></ul><ul><li>Kyambogo University (Uganda): Diploma in Education Primary External (distance) 1,500 students </li></ul><ul><li>Open University of Tanzania (Tanzania): Diploma in Primary Education 700 students </li></ul><ul><li>Open University of Sudan (Sudan): B Ed ( distance) 45,000 students </li></ul><ul><li>Kigali Institute of Education (Rwanda): National Retraining Programme for Primary School Teachers – endorsed by Ministry for Education (Apr-08) 12,000 teachers </li></ul><ul><li>‘ To train quality teachers who can impact positively on pupils’/students’ learning .’ </li></ul>TESSA in Use
  34. 63. <ul><li>Evidence of improved teaching practices </li></ul><ul><li>More reflective thinking after lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher and pupil enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility of OER allowed use in range of programmes </li></ul><ul><li>‘ I have enjoyed using the materials because they make classroom activities simple and easy. Pupils are now improving in their performance and it has helped me to improve my teaching skills.’ Student Teacher, Nigeria </li></ul>Emerging Findings
  35. 64. TESSA Model of intervention <ul><li>Starting point = classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Practical, activity based teacher learning </li></ul><ul><li>Valuing of school practitioner agency </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation dispersed and decentralised </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment and interaction with existing communities of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy: importance TESSA coordinators </li></ul>
  36. 65. The TESSA Resources <ul><li>Highly structured study units - template </li></ul><ul><li>Core set of 75 study units </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers’ learning located in their own classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the professional knowledge (both subject and pedagogic) and practices of teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualised to reflect the environment of the teacher </li></ul>
  37. 66. Materials creation and adaptation Localisation of study units by consortium partners Sharing in the Tessa OER resource bank Quality Assurance and Editing and User Testing Creation of original study units by consortium partners 4 5 6 2 Quality Assurance, Editing and User Testing 1 3
  38. 68. Lots of activity but what is the impact? <ul><li>Evidence of impact comes from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stories from stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys of users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observations of behaviours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web traffic through Analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evidence of viability/sustainability comes from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Actual and perceived strategic value to organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New business models </li></ul></ul>
  39. 78. Designs Many aspects and issues
  40. 79. Many possible approaches
  41. 80. Business models and sustainability <ul><li>Mainstream and/or embedded within existing business model practices and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Provide additional paid for services – the Freemium model </li></ul><ul><li>Donations from supporters </li></ul><ul><li>Grants from funding bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Free labour of volunteers </li></ul>

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