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Urban Interventions Along a Crooked River

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Presentation delivered at the 2017 Natural | Design Ecologies: Water and Land Symposium at Kent State University on October 5, 2017. The talk was part of the "Sustainable Urbanism" session, convened by Beth Herndon from KSU's Department of Geology and Kelly Turner from KSU's Department of Geography.

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Urban Interventions Along a Crooked River

  1. 1. KSU Water + Land Symposium October 5, 2017 Urban Interventions Along a Crooked River @davidjurca David Jurca Associate Director Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative Kent State College of Architecture + Environmental Design
  2. 2. Kent State University CUDC Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative The CUDC is an innovative, non-profit urban design practice committed to a sustainable, vibrant and inclusive urban future. By combining client-based projects, applied research, graduate teaching and advocacy, we expand the ideas, energy, and resources dedicated to making better cities.
  3. 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES • Summarize emerging ideas for improving livability in waterfront cities, derived from CUDC’s proposed and built urban design projects • • Identify economic, health, and social reasons why winter conditions should be addressed by designers and planners in the Great Lakes Region • • Discuss opportunities to employ temporary interventions to enhance urban vitality, engage the public in design decisions, and support permanent development
  4. 4. LIVABILITY IN WATERFRONT CITIES
  5. 5. LIVABILITY The extend to which the attributes of a place can satisfy residents by providing: • Economic and social needs • Access to food, mobility, security, beauty • Opportunities for cultural expression • Health and well-being • Protection of natural resouces and ecosystem function • Sense of belonging to a community or place Source: National Research Council. 2002. Community and Quality of Life: Data Needs for Informed Decision Making. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10262
  6. 6. STUDIO QUESTIONS • How can communities along the Cuyahoga river improve their connectivity and access to the river? • How can new development improve ecological function, not simply aim for “low impact?” • How can urban design maximize use of public spaces year-round? • How can creative design integrate the seemingly competing needs of industrial and recreational activities?
  7. 7. INDEX STUDIO The INDEX Studio is as an urban design course intended to make global connections. Students generate urban development proposals for a site in Cleveland and a comprable site in an global city. The studio’s outcomes reveal potential urban futures and build understanding across different cultures. INTERNATIONAL DESIGN EXCHANGE STUDIO CLExHAV
  8. 8. A RESILIENT HAVANA BAY The aerial rendering conveys a vision of an ecologically restored and recreationally active Havana Bay. Swaths of land along the waterfront are left undeveloped to provide protection from occasional flooding and future sea-level rise. Casablanca Neighborhood Ñico-López Redevelopment Proposed Wetlands Park and Public Beach Proposed Green Tram Corridor Regla Neighborhood New Ferry Terminal CLExHAV 2 0 1 6
  9. 9. Above: Section through pools and bioswales Above: Section through wastewater treatment landscape and living machine park CLExHAV 2 0 1 6
  10. 10. ALMENDARESRIVER LIN E A 5TA . A V E N ID A C A LLE 11 C A LLE 13 C A LLE 15 C A LLE 17 C A LLE 19 A V E N ID A 23 C A LLE 20 C A LLE 26 C A LLE 28 C A LLE 30 MALECON EL CARMELO / EL FANGUITO NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT Fabrica de Arte Cubano (FAC) AVE. De Americas Monument HISTORIC FORTRESS GOV’T INDUSTRIAL SITE ALMENDARES PARK PRIMARY DEVELOPMENT SITES Principales sitios de desarrollo FORMER BICYCLE FACTORY MIRAMAR ELFANGUITO VEDADO G U L F O F M E X I C O CLExHAV 01. Green Avenue The bridge connects to an existing tree- lined avenue, branching out to the Miramar district. 02. Boardwalk The pedestrian path meanders along the river’s edge, bounded by clusters of houses on one side and naturalized zones on the other side. 03. Passage Park The pedestrian bridge is divided into three separate passageways as it intersects the park: riverside boardwalk, green avenue toward Miramar, and Parque Almendares. 04. Eco Bridge The pedestrian bridge acts as an extension of the four regenerative zones. It provides an ecological education center below the main path to enhance the green infrastructure. 06. Grasslands & Lagoon On the Vedado side of the Almendares River, the bridge terminates at the lagoon and grasslands (the third and fourth naturalized zones used to revitalize the riverfront). Pedestrian Bridge 05. Parque Almendares A tertiary path leading away from the bridge connects to the existing Parque Almendares, located at the southern edge of the site. 07. Community Squares The bridge intersects with one of the proposed community activity squares. Houses are clustered around the squares, providing amenities for the surrounding spaces. 1 2 3 3 2 1 CLExHAV 2 0 1 7
  11. 11. CLExHAV 2 0 1 7 C A LLE 11 C A LLE 13 C A LLE 15 C A LLE 26 C A LLE 28
  12. 12. WATER + WINTER CITIES
  13. 13. COLDSCAPES.org
  14. 14. URBAN INFILL V. 6 COLDSCAPES: Design Ideas for Winter Cities
  15. 15. Winter City: Place where the average January temperature (AJT) is below freezing, 32ºF or 0ºC. Cleveland AJT: 28ºF
  16. 16. WHY IS OUTDOOR WINTER DESIGN IMPORTANT? ECONOMY January temperature is the leading indicator of depopulation in U.S. cities. Retail and dining districts suffer from decreased foot traffic and perceived inactivity during winter months. HEALTH Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder associated with changing seasons and can take on many of the same symptoms of depression. SAD affects 10 -20% of the national population. CULTURE A climate-responsive city offers greater opportunities for social inclusion and expression of authentic local character.
  17. 17. Enhancing Urban Retail Districts in Winter Cities source: Patrick Coleman, COLDSCAPES: Design Ideas for Winter Cities
  18. 18. Negative Aspects of Winter • Snow management costs • Health care costs associated with accidents, both auto-related and pedestrian • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and psychological depression related to a lack of sunlight • Difficult mobility, particularly for seniors and the disabled, either as pedestrians or in automobiles • Limited outdoor activity for many persons • Increased heating costs and energy consumption • A visually monotonous environment dominated by white and gray Positive Aspects of Winter • Outdoor recreational opportunities, including downhill and cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, ice fishing, snow shoeing, ice skating, and hockey • Natural beauty • Winter tourism, special events, and festivals • Using ice and snow for civic art • Opportunities for innovation and improvement in services, building, and product design Enhancing Urban Retail Districts in Winter Cities source: Patrick Coleman, COLDSCAPES: Design Ideas for Winter Cities
  19. 19. Following the recent decades of exodus by northern city residents to the Sunbelt, winter cities must become more livable and competitive to find their place in today’s global marketplace. Patrick Coleman, COLDSCAPES: Design Ideas for Winter Cities WINTER DESIGN BASICS • Some interior pedestrian systems have worked, but they expensive and detrimental to street activity • Winter-responsive approach could improve attitudes of residents, community image, and enhance retail sales. • Promotional events are crucial during winter to let customers know“We’re open for business.” • Extend winter decorations beyond the holidays to embrace the entire winter season. • Lighting adds warmth and comfort to the extended dark nights. • Street furnishings, such as benches and bike racks, should be built of appropriate materials. • Winter biking is becoming more common and should be encouraged. • Maintenance must be priority for walkways and parking lots. • Consider snowmelt systems: used in Holland, MI; Racine, WI; and Anchorage, AK.
  20. 20. SITE DESIGN • Utilize solar radiation & southern exposure • Use buildings to protect outdoor spaces from prevailing winds • Avoid shadows and wind-tunneling WINTER DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS BUILDING DESIGN • 2+ stories may increase wind speeds, known as “venturi”effect • Incorporate balconies, stepped- back facades, or irregularities ROAD DESIGN • Balance snow removal with aesthetics • Provide snow storage areas MATERIALS & AESTHETICS • Consider color and lighting treatments • Use outdoor winter materials: wood, polyethylene, or vinyl-coated metal LANDSCAPING & VEGETATION • Plant deciduous trees on the southern facade • Conifers should be used on the north • Use species with winter color PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION • Prioritize certain segments for snow removal • Design crosswalks to be slightly raised to prevent water and ice accumulation PARKS & TOWN SQUARES • Connect to retail districts used year- round • Use hillsides for sledding or flood paths for skating
  21. 21. COLD | Snowball Pavilion fabrication
  22. 22. COLD | Snowball Pavilion outdoor exhibition
  23. 23. 5| Create urban micro-nodes for high impact, temporary outdoor experiences
  24. 24. TEMPORARY INTERVENTIONS
  25. 25. WATER MARKwww.watermarkgiddings.org Watermark Revealing Cleveland’s Hidden Waterways Watermark is a large-scale landscape intervention for vacant city land bank lots in Cleveland’s St. Clair Superior neighborhood. The installation combines environmental art, community engagement, and green design practices. A beautiful, ephemeral landscape reconnect Clevelanders with Giddings Brook, one of the city’s long-buried waterways, and remind them of their identity and responsibilities as citizens of the Great Lakes. The installation will took place from the Summer - Fall 2017.
  26. 26. Cleveland’s Historic Streams and Vacant Lots
  27. 27. LEARNING OBJECTIVES • Summarize emerging ideas for improving livability in waterfront cities, derived from CUDC’s proposed and built urban design projects -> Eco-Tourism, New Industrial Identity, Public Access to the Off-Limits
  28. 28. LEARNING OBJECTIVES • Summarize emerging ideas for improving livability in waterfront cities, derived from CUDC’s proposed and built urban design projects -> Eco-Tourism, New Industrial Identity, Public Access to the Off-Limits • • Identify economic, health, and social reasons why winter conditions should be addressed by designers and planners in the Great Lakes Region -> Reduced Retail Activity, SAD, Unique Cultural Events
  29. 29. LEARNING OBJECTIVES • Summarize emerging ideas for improving livability in waterfront cities, derived from CUDC’s proposed and built urban design projects -> Eco-Tourism, New Industrial Identity, Public Access to the Off-Limits • • Identify economic, health, and social reasons why winter conditions should be addressed by designers and planners in the Great Lakes Region -> Reduced Retail Activity, SAD, Unique Cultural Events • • Discuss opportunities to employ temporary interventions to enhance urban vitality, engage the public in design decisions, and support permanent development -> Response to Uncertainty, Social Capital, Engagement, Path Forward
  30. 30. KSU Water + Land Symposium October 5, 2017 Urban Interventions Along a Crooked River @davidjurca David Jurca Associate Director Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative Kent State College of Architecture + Environmental Design

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