Radiation Preservation

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Radiation Preservation

  1. 1. Preface of Project Food irradiation is a promising new food safety technology that can eliminate disease-causing germs from foods. The food that NASA astronauts eat has been sterilized by irradiation to avoid getting food borne illness in space. disease-causing germs are reduced or eliminated the food does not become radioactive dangerous substances do not appear in the foods the nutritional value of the food is essentially unchanged ►Total agri. production of Rs.34, 000 Cr. In 2006-07. It increased 4 times as compares to of 9,000cr in 2002-03. (source : GAIC) Due to that spoilages are increased.
  2. 2. • Three technology exist in the radiation 1. Gamma rays 2. X- rays 3. Electron beam Radio active substance – cobalt 60 , cesium 137 Unit- gray
  3. 3. Table–1: Food items approved for radiation preservation by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare under Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules, 1955 Minimum Maximum Name of food Purpose Dose (kGy Dose (kGy) Onion 0.03 0.09 Potato 0.06 0.15 Ginger Sprout inhibition 0.15 0.03 Garlic 0.03 0.15 Shallots (Small onion) 0.03 0.15 Mango Disinfestation 0.25 0.75 (Quarantine) Rice 0.25 1.0 Semolina (sooji, rawa), Disinfestation 0.25 1.0 Wheat atta, maida 0.25 0.75 Raisin, figs, dried dates Meat and meat products Shelf-life extension and 2.5 4.0 including chicken pathogen control Spices Microbial 6.0 14.0 decontamination
  4. 4. Table–2: Additional food items recommended by the Central Committee for Food Standards for approval Name of Minimum Dose Maximum Dose Purpose (kGy food (kGy) Pulses 0.25 1.0 Dried sea- Disinfestation 0.25 1.0 foods Fresh sea- Shelf-life foods enhancement 1.0 3.0 Frozen sea- Pathogen foods control 4.0 6.0
  5. 5. Low dose applications Sprout inhibition in 0.03 - 0.15 kGy bulbs and tubers Delay of fruit 0.25 - 0.75 kGy ripening Insect disinfestation including quarantine 0.25 - 1 kGy treatment and elimination of food borne parasites
  6. 6. Medium dose applications Reduction of spoilage microbes to improve shelf-life 1.5 - 3 kGy of meat, poultry and seafoods under refrigeration Elimination of pathogenic microbes in fresh and frozen 3 - 7 kGy meat, poultry and seafoods Reducing number of microorganisms in spices to 10 kGy improve hygienic quality
  7. 7. High dose applications Sterilization of packaged meat, poultry and their 25 - 70 kGy products which are shelf-stable without refrigeration Sterilization of 25 - 70 kGy hospital diets
  8. 8. Machinery & equipment… (i) Details (ii) Cost. Function quanti Price (in Name of the machinery ty lac Rs.) radiation therapy beam monitor To control irradiation 1 50 process Power Generation and To generate power & 1 100 Distribution Machinery and distribute them to Accessories machine & Accessories Container of 50kg To load/unload product 300 1.5 Dosimeter To measure irradiation 2 1.0 Tracks for container To transport container to 2 14 source trolleys To load/unload container 10 0.5 Water pump To provide water to plant 2 2.0 Locks(Hydraulic, To prevent linkage of 4 5.0 Electrical, mechanical, pressure irradiation From the plate) source Temp. controller For control temp. 1 30 Under water lights For make source visible 2 1.0 to us (from camera) Other equipments _________ ___ 75 Total 280 :
  9. 9. Staff & Wages Particulars Nos. Monthly Total Salary (Rs.) Monthly Salary (Rs.) Radiological 1 20000 20000 safety officer Quality 3 10000 30000 control officer operator 6 4000 24000 Technicians 6 2500 15000 Helpers 15 2000 30000 Security 3 2500 7500 Guards Total 1,26,500
  10. 10. Other expenses Electricity bill, telephone bill , office stationary , water tax , traveling expenses , maintains and marketing etc. They are assumed to be Rs. 5,00,000
  11. 11. Break even analysis Particulars Amount (Rs. No in lacs) [A] Turnover 54.0 [B] Variable Costs Salaries 1.27 other Expenses 5.0 Total : 6.27 [C] Contribution [A] - [B] 47.73 [D] Fixed Cost 430 [E] Break-Even Point [D] ÷ [C] 9.009%
  12. 12. Financial viability of project ► Total requirement is 4.3Cr. From this we can get maximum 1.38Cr. in form of grant. (50 lac. from APEDA & 87.5 lac. from MFPI) ► Another 2.92Cr. we can take from bank in form of loan. @ interest rate 12%.
  13. 13. Working capital (per month) (Rs. In lacs) DEBIT CREDIT Particulars Amount Particulars Amount salaries 1.27 From charges 2.5Rs. 54.0 (2160000*3) Per kg. Return of loan with 15.08 (12.16+2.92) int.(total loan return in 2years.) other Expenses 5.0 Total : 21.356 54.0 Profit (Debit –Credit) 32.64 income tax @ 30% 9.793 Net profit 22.84
  14. 14. Total capital investment Type of investment Amount (in lac Rs.) Machinery & equipment 280 Land & building costs 70 Raw material costs 30 Plant installation cost 50 Total 430
  15. 15. Estimated turnover Of Rs. 6.48 Cr. (mathematically) (54 lacs of a month * 12) But actually it may be around 6 Cr.( app.) Estimated percentage profit on capital investment 22.84*12 =274 So, profit of Rs. 2.74 Cr. in capital investment of Rs.4.3Cr. = 63.75% per ann. Estimated percentage profit on sale Total profit of 2.74 Cr. In turnover of 6.48 (.54*12) = 42.28% per ann.
  16. 16. 1. Thakkar Ronak V. (06FT340,ADIT) 2. Vaghela Nirav P. (06FT322,ADIT) 3. Patel Hiren J. (06FT334,ADIT)

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