Rgulatory Aspects for F&V Industry


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Rgulatory Aspects for F&V Industry

  1. 1. Regulatory aspects of fruits and vegetable industry By: Vaghela Nirav (06FT322) Thakkar Ronak (06FT340)
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>State level </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat Agri.- Business Policy </li></ul><ul><li>G.P.C.B(E.T.P) </li></ul><ul><li>National food Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>PFA act,1954 </li></ul><ul><li>FPO,1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of weights and measures,1976 </li></ul><ul><li>LABOR ACT </li></ul><ul><li>International food Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>CAC </li></ul><ul><li>ISO </li></ul><ul><li>W.T.O </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objective <ul><li>Protecting public health by reducing the risk of food borne disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting consumer from unsanitary, unwholesome, mislabeled or adulterated food. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing the economy development by maintaining consumer confidence/morale in the food system. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing sound regulatory foundation for domestic and international trade in food. </li></ul>
  4. 4. PFA act,1954 <ul><li>P revention of F ood A dulteration </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with all the types of food. </li></ul><ul><li>Into the effect from June 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Main objective </li></ul><ul><li>a) To ensure supply of pure and wholesome food to the consumer </li></ul><ul><li>b) To prevent fraud or deception. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Salient features <ul><li>Definition of term-adulteration </li></ul><ul><li>Powers to consumer organization to draw legal samples and initiate legal proceedings. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation on quality of imported foodstuffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of warranty by a manufacturer, distributor or dealer. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of disposal of foods, unfit for human consumption. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adulteration <ul><li>If it does not meet the specifications prescribed in appendix-B of FPA </li></ul><ul><li>If it contains injurious substances </li></ul><ul><li>If any inferior substance is added </li></ul><ul><li>If any constituent is abstracted from the food </li></ul><ul><li>If product had been prepared ,packed or kept under unsanitary conditions whereby it become contaminated </li></ul><ul><li>If any particle of food consists ant filthy, putrid, rotten, decomposed or diseased substances is unfit for human consumptions </li></ul>Food is said to be adulterated when:
  7. 7. Continue… <ul><li>Part 6 : Deals with colouring matters </li></ul><ul><li>Part 7 : Deals with labeling and packaging of food </li></ul><ul><li>Part 8 : Provides for prohibition and regulation of sales </li></ul><ul><li>Part 9 : Deals with condition for sale and licence </li></ul><ul><li>Part 10 : Deals with preservatives </li></ul><ul><li>Part 11 : Deals with crop contaminants and naturally occurring toxic substances </li></ul>► 17 parts, 6-17 has direct consequence to the food preservation and processing industry.
  8. 8. Continue…. <ul><li>Part 12 : deals with the use of anti oxidants emulsifying/stabilizing and anti-caking agents. </li></ul><ul><li>Part 13 : Deals with flavouring agents and related substances </li></ul><ul><li>Part 14 : Deals with use of insecticides and pesticides in food products </li></ul><ul><li>Part 15 : Solvent extracted oil and edible flour </li></ul><ul><li>Part 16 : Sequestering and buffering agents </li></ul><ul><li>Part 17 : Deals with Irradiation of foods. </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix-A and Appendix-B </li></ul>
  9. 9. FPO, 1955 <ul><li>F ruit P roduct O rder </li></ul><ul><li>Issued in 1946 but bought under essential commodities act 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Comes under the MOFPI </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory for F&V industry </li></ul><ul><li>samples of products from the manufacturers and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specifications laid under FPO. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fruit Product Order lays down tie minimum requirements for: <ul><li>Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surroundings and personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Water to be used for processing. </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery and equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Product standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products </li></ul>
  11. 11. Standards of Weights and Measures Act,1976 <ul><li>To regulate inter state trade or commerce in weights ,measures and goods which are sold or distributed by weight, measure or number </li></ul><ul><li>To provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. </li></ul>
  12. 12. By this Act package must have: <ul><li>Plain and conspicuous declaration showing the identity of the commodity in the package. </li></ul><ul><li>The net quantity in terms of the standards units of weights and measure and if in nos. the accurate number there in. </li></ul><ul><li>The unit sale price of commodity and the sale price of the particular package of that commodity </li></ul><ul><li>The names of the manufacturer and also of the packer or distributor should also be mentioned on the package. </li></ul>
  13. 13. CAC <ul><li>Codex Alimentarius Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Joint committee of WHO/FAO </li></ul><ul><li>Under the codex: </li></ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer health </li></ul><ul><li>Fair practices in trade </li></ul>
  14. 14. So far codex has : <ul><li>Formulated standards for 237 food commodities </li></ul><ul><li>Formulated 41 codes of hygienic practices </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated 185 pesticides. </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed limits for contaminants </li></ul><ul><li>Develop guidelines for 25 contaminants </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated 1005 food additives </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated 54 veterinary drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Codex in India : National Codex Content Point (NCCP) </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi. </li></ul>
  15. 15. ISO <ul><li>International Organization for Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>► To promote the development of standards in the world with a view to facilitate international exchange of goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>► To Develop mutual co-operation in the sphere of intellectual, scientific, technological and economical activity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Functions: <ul><li>Helps in the harmonization of food standards throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates exchange of scientific knowledge between countries </li></ul><ul><li>Promote economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes exchange of goods </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes fair global trading with strategic partnership with WTO </li></ul><ul><li>Standards helps to revise levels of quality , safety, reliability, efficient, compatibility and inter-exchangeability </li></ul>
  17. 17. W.T.O. <ul><li>TheWorld Trade Organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalising trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments . </li></ul><ul><li>The Agreement on Agriculture came into effect with the establishment of the WTO at the beginning of 1995. The AoA has three central concepts, or &quot;pillars&quot;: domestic support , market access and export subsidies . </li></ul><ul><li>Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets constraints on members' policies relating to food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. EU wants to reduce duty on wine in India. (Ref. E.T. of 25/9/09) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Labor Act <ul><li>Laws related to Industrial Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Wages </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Services and Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Social Security </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Labour Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Laws related to Employment & Training </li></ul>
  19. 19. E.T.P.
  20. 20. Some other important Acts <ul><li>Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (Ministry of Food & Consumer Affairs). </li></ul><ul><li>The Insecticide Act, 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Protection Act, 1986. (carbon credit,Green credit) </li></ul><ul><li>Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963. </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e. APEDA) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Gujarat Agri Business Policy-2008 <ul><li>1. Back Ended Interest Rate Subsidy. </li></ul><ul><li>2. 100 % Stamp Duty Exemption. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Electricity Duty Exemption for Additional 5 Years. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Preparation of Reports. </li></ul><ul><li>50 % Limited Rs. 5 Lakh </li></ul><ul><li>5. R & D for Value Addition & Post Harvest technology </li></ul><ul><li>50 % Limited 20 Lakh </li></ul><ul><li>6. Prize for Good Farming, Post Harvest Management </li></ul><ul><li>& Value Addition.   </li></ul><ul><li>7. Patent Registration. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>0%vat for perishable. </li></ul><ul><li>& so many,so much............................subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>8. 5%custom duty on import of m/c. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conclusion <ul><li>Must Follow Rules for creating Win-Win situation for all. </li></ul><ul><li>“ we are trusties of society” – Gandhiji </li></ul>
  23. 23. Any Quick Questions? My Vision 2020 Gujarat requires LLB (Agribusiness) course. History says, In current decade MBA (Agribusiness Management ) and BEFPT has been started.
  24. 24. Thank you for your kind attention. Have a great day.