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Alliance Systems in WW I
World War I Part 2
The Spark of War
-Imperialism, militarism, nationalism, and
alliance systems all set the stage for the first
World War.
-R...
The World at War
-On 8/1/1914, Germany declared war on
Russia. Russia came to “defend” Serbia from
Austria-Hungary. German...
The Schlieffen Plan
-Germany initiated the Schlieffen Plan. They
attacked France first, then attacked Russia.
-Each side h...
The Fighting Begins
• The Alliance system pulled
one nation after another
into the conflict – The
Great War had begun. On
...
The War Becomes A Stalemate
• Unable to save Belgium, the Allies
retreated to the Marne River in
France where they halted ...
The conditions in these trenches were horrific. Aside from the fear of
bombardment, soldiers also had to contend with mud,...
First Battle of The Somme
• During the First Battle of the
Somme—which began on July
1, 1916, and lasted until mid-
Novemb...
Americans Question Neutrality
• In 1914, most Americans saw no
reason to join a struggle 3,000
miles away – they wanted
ne...
Americans Question Neutrality
• In 1914, most Americans saw no
reason to join a struggle 3,000
miles away – they wanted
ne...
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World history unit 2 lesson 2 world war 1

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world war 1 alliances

World history unit 2 lesson 2 world war 1

  1. 1. Alliance Systems in WW I World War I Part 2
  2. 2. The Spark of War -Imperialism, militarism, nationalism, and alliance systems all set the stage for the first World War. -Russia came to “defend” Serbia to attempt to stop Austria-Hungary from controlling the Balkan Peninsula. Since Russia and Austria- Hungary had two different alliances, it brought in other nations into the fight.
  3. 3. The World at War -On 8/1/1914, Germany declared war on Russia. Russia came to “defend” Serbia from Austria-Hungary. Germany had an alliance system with Austria-Hungary. -Then, on 8/3/1914, Germany declared war on France. They knew France would aid Russia due the alliance system they had together. -Also on 8/3/1914, Germany invaded Belgium. Britain declared war on Germany and Austria- Hungary. World War I had begun.
  4. 4. The Schlieffen Plan -Germany initiated the Schlieffen Plan. They attacked France first, then attacked Russia. -Each side had modern weapons, such as machine guns and tanks. In September of 1914, the Allies halted Germany at the Marne River and each side dug trenches. “No man’s land” was the area between the trenches. -At the Battle of the Somme, on July 1, 1916, Britain lost 60,000 troops in a single day. Over one million died in the end. This grew into 3 years of trench warfare.
  5. 5. The Fighting Begins • The Alliance system pulled one nation after another into the conflict – The Great War had begun. On August 3, 1914, Germany invaded Belgium, following a strategy known as the Schlieffen Plan. This plan called for a quick strike through Belgium to Paris, France. Next, Germany would attack Russia • The plan was designed to prevent a two-front war for Germany. The Schliefflen Plan
  6. 6. The War Becomes A Stalemate • Unable to save Belgium, the Allies retreated to the Marne River in France where they halted the German advance in September of 1914. Both sides dug in for a long siege. By the spring of 1915, two parallel systems of deep trenches crossed France from Belgium to Switzerland. Between enemy trenches was “no man’s land” – an area pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire. British soldiers standing in mud
  7. 7. The conditions in these trenches were horrific. Aside from the fear of bombardment, soldiers also had to contend with mud, flooding, lice, vermin, and disease associated with living in such an unhealthy environment. German Soldiers
  8. 8. First Battle of The Somme • During the First Battle of the Somme—which began on July 1, 1916, and lasted until mid- November—the British suffered an enormous number of casualties (60,000 on the first day). Final casualties for this phase of the war totaled 1.2 million, yet only 7 miles of ground was gained. This bloody trench warfare, in which armies fought for mere yards of ground, lasted for three years. Gas attacks were common features of trench life and often caused blindness and lung disease
  9. 9. Americans Question Neutrality • In 1914, most Americans saw no reason to join a struggle 3,000 miles away – they wanted neutrality. Some simply did not want their sons to experience the horror of warfare. Some German-Americans supported Germany in World War I. However, many Americans felt closer to the British because of a shared ancestry and language. Most importantly, American economic interests were far stronger with the Allies. French propaganda poster portrayed the Germans as inhuman.
  10. 10. Americans Question Neutrality • In 1914, most Americans saw no reason to join a struggle 3,000 miles away – they wanted neutrality. Some simply did not want their sons to experience the horror of warfare. Some German-Americans supported Germany in World War I. However, many Americans felt closer to the British because of a shared ancestry and language. Most importantly, American economic interests were far stronger with the Allies. French propaganda poster portrayed the Germans as inhuman.
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world war 1 alliances

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