World war 1

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a ppt on world war one

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World war 1

  1. 1. The First World War Truly a world war: Fought frm the Shores of America to Shores of Japan
  2. 2. Triple Alliance • Dual Alliance by      Germany and Austria-Hungary (1879) • expanded to include Italy. (1882) • support each other if attacked by eitherFrance or Russia. Triple Entente: : : Britain,France and Russia,
  3. 3. Assassination at Sarajevo • Gen Oskar Potiorek (Gov. of Austrian provinces of Bosnia- Herzegovina)>>>invites>>> Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Inspector of the Austro-Hungarian Army & Wife • Problem • people living in Bosnia-Herzegovina      unhappy with Austrian rule      favoured union with Serbia • Black Hand (Unity or Death) group wanted Bosnia-Herzegovina to leave theAustro- Hungarian Empire
  4. 4. Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijevic • the chief of the Intelligence Department of the Serbian General Staff      considered Franz Ferdinand a serious threat to a union between Bosnia- Herzegovina and Serbia. • Earlier Ferdinand plans to grant concessions to the South Slavs      independent Serbian state nw impossible      Dimitrijevic plan to murdr Ferdinand
  5. 5. THE PLAN 1 Muhamed Mehmedbasic 5 Gavrilo Princip (morning) 2 Nedjelko Cabrinovic 6 Gavrilo Princip (afternoon) 3 Vaso Cubrilovic 7 Trifko Grabez 4 Cvijetko Popovic 8 Danilo Ilic
  6. 6. Miljacka river
  7. 7. FERDINAND ASSASINATED • Austrian authorities interrogated      Black Hand group     demanded that the Serbian government responsible     Serbia unwilling to hand 3 men     Nikola Pasic (PM of Serbia):- “would be a violation of Serbia's Constitution and criminal in law"
  8. 8. • first two years of the First World War      Serbian Army      suffered a series of military defeats • Black Hand ( responsble for war)      Disbanded • Dimitrijevic and several of the Black Hand leaders were arrested
  9. 9. German government • full support for Austro-Hungary • Russia Govt    support    Serbia • Austro-Hungarian declares war on Serbia. • Austria Bombed Belgrade; Serbs ask for Russian help • Russia mobilizes its armed forces in support of Serbia. • Provoked by Germany France nw moved it’s troups
  10. 10. Germany declares war on Russia. • Italy declares    does not intend to honour its Triple Alliance obligations    will remain neutral • Germany declares war on France. Found Belgium an easy route to capture Paris • Belgian neutrality was guaranteed by Britain (sympathetic to Belgium) • But Britain Warns       Germany       Britain would go to war if Belgium was invaded.
  11. 11. Battle of frontiers • At Mons Britian met with German army.But the allies decided to retreat after the huge toll of death • Battle of frontiers: – the intrusion attack of france to Germany,by getting into it’s territory—200,000 men lost to men—French disaster    Germany advance   
  12. 12. Battle of Marne;the miracle • Combined attack of Britain+ France towards Germany; French saved by a miracle • IN THE EAST • Russia well advanced into Austria; Austria lost
  13. 13. Battle of Tannenberg • Whr Russian and German Army collided; Victory for Germany • Battle of Yrpes • Germany’s last chance of oppurtunity to intrude West
  14. 14. Schlieffen Plan Alfred von Schlieffen, German Army Chief of Staff (Plan: Attack and Defeat France 1st,before Russia could awake)
  15. 15. The German Army marches into Belgium • Britain declares war on Germany. •       • Austro-Hungary declares war on Russia. • France declares war on Austro-Hungary. • Britain declares war on Austro-Hungary. • France invades Lorraine.
  16. 16. Defeat of Schlieffen Plan
  17. 17. • 65 million particiapted • 10 million died • 20 million wounded phsically or mentally • Destroyed the very lands: not a tree stand; full of deadbodies • Germany Responsible for War • Reconstruction of Villages and Urban
  18. 18. 14 Points of Wilson • Fullfilled 3 out of 14 • 1.Evacuation and restoration of Belgium • 2.Evacuation and restoration of all French lands;return of Alsace-Lorain to France • 3.Establishment of an independent Poland,with free and secure access to the sea.
  19. 19. League of Nations • The members were those countries victorius on war.Germany & Austria Hungary excluded • USA stayed away.Russia was not allowed to join
  20. 20. The war Ended in books, but not in real terms by Akhil Krishnan amiddleclassman@gmail.com

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