The RussianRevolution  {      1917
   Russia was unprepared both    militarily and technologically for    the Great War   Tzar Nicolas 2 insisted on taking...
   Tsar Nicolas 2 was an autocratic ruler who        relied on his army and bureaucracy to hold up        his regime    ...
   Alexandra relied upon Rasputin    because he seemed to be the only    one who could stop the bleeding of    her son Al...
   As Rasputin gained more power the people        grew more upset           Aristocrats felt they needed to do somethin...
   A series of strikes led by working class women        broke out in the capital city of Petrograd       The government...
   Together a general strike was held   Strike shut down the factories till March 10   Alexandra wrote to Nicolas “This...
   The Duma was a legislative body that had been      dissolved by the tzar met anyway     March 12 it established a pro...
   Alexander Kerensky was the head of the        government           Decided to carry on in the war to preserve        ...
   Bolsheviks began as a small faction of the Marxist        party called the Russian Social Democrats            Came u...
   Lenin’s arrival opened a new state in the            Bolshevik Revolution           He believed that soldiers, peasan...
   PEACE, LAND, BREAD!       WORKER CONTROL OF PRODUCTION!       ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS!       http://www.youtube.co...
   Party numbers grew as a result of Lenin’s work     Leon Trotsky as the head of the Petrograd soviets the      Bolshev...
   Many people were opposed to the new        Bolshevik or Communist regime       Allies against the communist take over...
   Royal family was a victim of the war           After the czar abdicated Nicolas, Alexandra and            their 5 chi...
   Well disciplined Red Army       Leon Trotsky was an organizational genius            Soldiers who deserted or refuse...
   1921 the Communists were in total control of Russia            Became a communist regime with a single party         ...
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The Russian Revolution

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Rise of the Bolsheviks and a turning point in the war.

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The Russian Revolution

  1. 1. The RussianRevolution { 1917
  2. 2.  Russia was unprepared both militarily and technologically for the Great War Tzar Nicolas 2 insisted on taking personal charge of armed forces despite lack of ability and training Russian industry couldn’t produce the weapons needed for the army  Soldiers trained using broomsticks and told to pick one up off of a dead comrade in battle 2 million soldiers were killed between 1914-1916 and another 4-6 million wounded or captured Background
  3. 3.  Tsar Nicolas 2 was an autocratic ruler who relied on his army and bureaucracy to hold up his regime  His German born wife Alexandra had fallen under the influence of Grigori Rasputin  Rasputin was an uneducated Siberian peasant who believed he was a holy manBeginnings of Upheaval
  4. 4.  Alexandra relied upon Rasputin because he seemed to be the only one who could stop the bleeding of her son Alexis  Alexis had hemophilia With the tsar at the front Alexandra made all of the decisions  She insisted on consulting with Rasputin  “her beloved, never-to-be- forgotten teacher, savior and mentor” Rasputin was considered to be the power behind the throne and did not hesitate to interfere in government leadership Rasputin
  5. 5.  As Rasputin gained more power the people grew more upset  Aristocrats felt they needed to do something to save the situation  December 1916 Rasputin was assassinated  He was shot three times, tied up and threw in the Neva River  He managed to untie the knots in the water before he drowned  His assassination was not enough to save the monarchyRasputin
  6. 6.  A series of strikes led by working class women broke out in the capital city of Petrograd  The government had started to ration bread a few weeks earlier after the price had skyrocketed  Women who stood in bread lines also worked 12 hour days  March 8 10,000 women marched through the city demanding “Peace and Bread” and “Down with Autocracy”  They were joined by other workersThe March Revolution1917
  7. 7.  Together a general strike was held Strike shut down the factories till March 10 Alexandra wrote to Nicolas “This is a hooligan movement. If the weather were very cold they would all probably stay home.” Nicolas called out troops to break up crowds by shooting them  Large numbers of soldiers joined inThe March Revolution
  8. 8.  The Duma was a legislative body that had been dissolved by the tzar met anyway  March 12 it established a provisionary government  Consisted of middle class Duma representatives  The tzar was urged to step down  March 15th he stepped down ending the 300 year old Romanov DynastyDuma
  9. 9.  Alexander Kerensky was the head of the government  Decided to carry on in the war to preserve Russia’s honor  Had to deal with the soviets  Soviets are the name used for several different Russian political organizations , could substitute the word council for soviet  Composed of representatives of the workers and soldiers  Generally socialists  Many different factionsProvisional Government
  10. 10.  Bolsheviks began as a small faction of the Marxist party called the Russian Social Democrats  Came under the leadership of Vladimir Ilyich Ulianov or V.I. Lenin  Lenin believed a violent revolution was necessary to destroy the capitalist system  1900-1917 he spent most of his time abroad  Viewed March 1917 as the opportunity to seize power  April 1917 German military leaders (hoping to create disorder) shipped Lenin to Russia  Sent in a sealed train to prevent their ideas from infecting GermanyThe Rise of Lenin
  11. 11.  Lenin’s arrival opened a new state in the Bolshevik Revolution  He believed that soldiers, peasants and workers were ready made instruments of power  Wanted Bolsheviks to work towards gaining power of these groups to take control  Reflected on the discontent of the pople  Promised to end war, transfer factories and industries from capitalists to committees of workers, redistribution of land and transfer of governmental power to the sovietsThe Rise of Lenin
  12. 12.  PEACE, LAND, BREAD!  WORKER CONTROL OF PRODUCTION!  ALL POWER TO THE SOVIETS!  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knjUx7A- G3wRally slogans
  13. 13.  Party numbers grew as a result of Lenin’s work  Leon Trotsky as the head of the Petrograd soviets the Bolsheviks were able to claim power in the name of all soviets  November 6 Bolshevik forces seized the Winter Palace  Outwardly Lenin “turned over power” to the congressional government  March 3, 1918 Lenin sighed the Treaty of Brest- Litovsk with Germany  Gave up eastern Poland, Ukraine, Finland and the Baltic StatesBolsheviks Seize Power
  14. 14.  Many people were opposed to the new Bolshevik or Communist regime  Allies against the communist take over were joined by groups loyal to the tzar and also anti- Lenin socialists  Sent thousands of troops to various parts of Russia in hopes of bringing Russia back into the war  Sent material  1918-1921 Communist (Red) army was forced to fight on many fronts against the WhitesCivil War
  15. 15.  Royal family was a victim of the war  After the czar abdicated Nicolas, Alexandra and their 5 children were taken into captivity  July 16th they were murdered and their bodies were burned in a local mine shaft  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXrb1rM2TqoCivil War
  16. 16.  Well disciplined Red Army  Leon Trotsky was an organizational genius  Soldiers who deserted or refused to obey were shot on the spot Disunity of the anti-communists  Czarists vs. democracy  No common goal War communism  Government seized control of banks, grain, ect. In order to help the war effort Revolutionary terror  Red secret police Presence of foreign armies on Russian soil  Patriotic Russians fought foreigners attempts to control the country What led to the triumph of the Communists?
  17. 17.  1921 the Communists were in total control of Russia  Became a communist regime with a single party dominating the political scene  State was largely hostile to the Allies as they had tried to help communist enemies in the civil warVictory!

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