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Using real-time dashboards to improve student engagement in virtual learning environments

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In this presentation, I discuss the technical requirements for collecting learning analytics data in an open environment, the analytics system we have created to facilitate real-time data collection, screenshots of our student and instructor dashboards, and some statistical analyses conducted to improve our dashboards.

Visit BobBodily.com for more information about my research.

Published in: Data & Analytics

Using real-time dashboards to improve student engagement in virtual learning environments

  1. 1. Using real-time dashboards to improve student engagement in virtual learning environments Robert Bodily, Steven Wood Brigham Young University
  2. 2. Research questions Dashboard Development R1: What technical requirements are needed for an online learning system to collect and provide students with personalized information in a student dashboard? R2: What functionality do students want in a dashboard and how should it be visually represented? Data Mining Analysis R3: What is predictive of student success in a first-year general chemistry course? R4: Can we develop an early alert warning system using clickstream data?
  3. 3. R1: Technical Requirements
  4. 4. Challenges with current LMS • A lot of learning is not occurring within a Learning Management System (LMS) • Interoperability standards • No access to real-time data • Canvas data (1 day old) • API (rate limiting factors) • Do not track enough data • No information on how students interact with a page
  5. 5. Our analytics system LTI (Learning Tools Interoperability) Single sign-on system for learning applications and learning management systems xAPI (Experience API/Tincan API) Data format specification for data management interoperability LRS (Learning Record Store Database that stores xAPI statements and provides real-time data access
  6. 6. R2: Functionality
  7. 7. Student Dashboard Challenges: Low student use Initially not useful for students Students had too many things to do already Low engagement with feedback
  8. 8. Instructor dashboard
  9. 9. R3: Predictive elements of student success
  10. 10. Context • Class • First year chemistry course • Blended – class 3x per week, • Resources • 150 videos (avg. 2 min long, supplemental resources) • 15 weekly quizzes (unlimited question attempts) • Participants • 200 students (online interactions) • 96 students took the self-report resource use survey
  11. 11. Data collected • Quiz • Confidence in answer (just a guess, pretty sure, very sure) • Time spent on quiz • Correct/incorrect • Number of attempts per question • Leave tab (still open, but inactive), come back to tab (active again) • Video • Play, pause, skip forward/backward, change play rate, change volume, • Dashboard • Number of times students follow recommendations given in dashboard • Number of clicks within the dashboard
  12. 12. What course elements are predictive of student success? Variable Beta P-value Online homework score 0.366 0.000 In-class IClicker scores 0.154 0.024 # of attempts/question -0.411 0.000 Amount of question navigation -0.206 0.040 # of online activity sessions -0.195 0.020 Variable Beta P-value Read the textbook 2.443 0.059 Ask professor questions in class 7.363 0.000 Watch Khan Academy -2.738 0.051 Use the internet -3.199 0.010 Skip recitation -4.820 0.041 Model 1 – regressing online interaction data on final exam score. Model 2 – regressing self-report resource use on final exam score.
  13. 13. R4: Early alert warning system
  14. 14. Develop an early course prediction of student achievement Online student interaction data Online student interaction data AND exam scores There is significant improvement in both models until week 3 or 4, so that seems to be a good time to make predictions for instructors and students.
  15. 15. Thank you! Questions?

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