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Concept of Health 
The state of health is reflective of an 
individual’s ability to meet life's 
challenges & maintain the capacity for 
optimal functioning. 
1
Health 
Important factor in assisting to obtain 
optimum health is to treat them as 
unique individual, and not as a set of 
symptoms & complaints. 
2
HEALTH 
Basic Theme in all cultures 
Basic concept “ Absence of disease’’ 
Determinants yet not clear. 
No yard stick. 
Health is always neglected. 
Usually secondary to other needs. 
Internationally forgotten. 
3
4 
Reawakening of health 
Only after 2nd world war 
As fundamental right 
World wide social goal & social justice 
Basic human needs 
In 1979 concept of H F A 
Not issue of Doctors, issue of social 
justice
5 
Changing concepts 
Health is not perceived in the same way 
Biomedical concept 
Ecological 
Psychosocial 
Holistic
6 
WHO Definition of health 
A state of complete Physical, Mental & 
Social wellbeing and not merely absence 
of disease or infirmity. 
A forth dimension is “Spiritual wellbeing” 
One which transcends physiology & 
psychology
7 
Spiritual aspect/ Intelligence 
Cognitive- why, meaning of life 
Affective living in him---- (peace, 
cheerful) 
Behavioral ---meditation, sacrifice
8 
Spiritual health assumes 
significance since 
Anxiety & emotional discomforts are on 
rise 
Craving for peace & freedom 
Happiness ,restlessness 
purposelessness is widely discerned 
Futility syndrome prevails heavily –Why? 
What after? 
Suicides are the regular features
9 
Spiritual life focuses on-- 
Inner self 
Consciousness 
Intuition 
Science gets us physical comforts & 
spirituality brings us mental calm -- 
positive value & attitude, beliefs & 
strength
Emotional dimension 
10 
Dose not loose temper. 
Dose not develop tension. 
Has self control.
11 
WHO Definition of health 
A state of complete Physical, Mental & 
Social wellbeing and not merely absence 
of disease or infirmity. 
A forth dimension is “Spiritual wellbeing” 
One which transcends physiology & 
psychology
12 
Operational definition 
Quality of human life expressing the 
adequate functioning in the given 
conditions --- 
There is no obvious disease 
But functioning normal
New philosophy of health 
Fundamental right 
Essence of productive life & not result 
Intersectoral 
Integral part of development 
Involves-individual, community, state 
national & international 
Major social investment 
World wide social goal 
13
14 
Health dimensions 
In 1980s other components like 
Spiritual 
Emotional 
Environmental 
Vocational 
Intellectual.
15
16 
Determinants of health 
Communities * human rights 
* biological 
* behavioral 
Societies * environmental 
* socio-economic 
* health system 
Individual * sociocultural, 
* Age 
* science &Technology 
Families * gender 
* equity & social justice 
* information & communication

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Concept of Health and Changing Definitions

  • 1. Concept of Health The state of health is reflective of an individual’s ability to meet life's challenges & maintain the capacity for optimal functioning. 1
  • 2. Health Important factor in assisting to obtain optimum health is to treat them as unique individual, and not as a set of symptoms & complaints. 2
  • 3. HEALTH Basic Theme in all cultures Basic concept “ Absence of disease’’ Determinants yet not clear. No yard stick. Health is always neglected. Usually secondary to other needs. Internationally forgotten. 3
  • 4. 4 Reawakening of health Only after 2nd world war As fundamental right World wide social goal & social justice Basic human needs In 1979 concept of H F A Not issue of Doctors, issue of social justice
  • 5. 5 Changing concepts Health is not perceived in the same way Biomedical concept Ecological Psychosocial Holistic
  • 6. 6 WHO Definition of health A state of complete Physical, Mental & Social wellbeing and not merely absence of disease or infirmity. A forth dimension is “Spiritual wellbeing” One which transcends physiology & psychology
  • 7. 7 Spiritual aspect/ Intelligence Cognitive- why, meaning of life Affective living in him---- (peace, cheerful) Behavioral ---meditation, sacrifice
  • 8. 8 Spiritual health assumes significance since Anxiety & emotional discomforts are on rise Craving for peace & freedom Happiness ,restlessness purposelessness is widely discerned Futility syndrome prevails heavily –Why? What after? Suicides are the regular features
  • 9. 9 Spiritual life focuses on-- Inner self Consciousness Intuition Science gets us physical comforts & spirituality brings us mental calm -- positive value & attitude, beliefs & strength
  • 10. Emotional dimension 10 Dose not loose temper. Dose not develop tension. Has self control.
  • 11. 11 WHO Definition of health A state of complete Physical, Mental & Social wellbeing and not merely absence of disease or infirmity. A forth dimension is “Spiritual wellbeing” One which transcends physiology & psychology
  • 12. 12 Operational definition Quality of human life expressing the adequate functioning in the given conditions --- There is no obvious disease But functioning normal
  • 13. New philosophy of health Fundamental right Essence of productive life & not result Intersectoral Integral part of development Involves-individual, community, state national & international Major social investment World wide social goal 13
  • 14. 14 Health dimensions In 1980s other components like Spiritual Emotional Environmental Vocational Intellectual.
  • 15. 15
  • 16. 16 Determinants of health Communities * human rights * biological * behavioral Societies * environmental * socio-economic * health system Individual * sociocultural, * Age * science &Technology Families * gender * equity & social justice * information & communication