World English Bible – Genesis 3:15I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel."
King James Version (KJV) Matthew 27:3333 And when they were come unto aplace called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
Where is this place , Golgotha ? King James Version (KJV) 1 Samuel 17:5454 AndDavid took the head of the Philistine(Goliath), and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
Genealogy Genesis 5Meanings of NamesAdam Red-blooded ManSeth AppointedEnosh MortalCainan SorrowMahalalel The Blessed GodJared Came downEnoch teachingMethuselah His Death shall bringLamech PowerfulNoah Rest
CHRISTIANITY•Ancient Greek known as Christianos•monotheistic and Abrahamic religion• based on the life and teachings of Jesus• Adherents of the Christian faith areknown as Christians.• played an important part in shaping ofWestern civilization since the 4th century.
CHRISTIANS BELIEVE Jesus Christ• Jesus as son of God/saviour of humanity• The prophecied Messiah in Hebrew Bible, the annointed one.(Christ)• Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the Virgin Mary.
• Jesus suffered, died, was buried, and was resurrected from the dead in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust him for the remission of their sins .• through belief in and acceptance of the death and resurrection of Jesus, sinful humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered salvation and the promise of eternal life.
• Jesus, having become fully human, suffered the pains and temptations of a mortal man, but did not sin.• According to the Bible, "God raised him from the dead", he ascended to heaven, is "seated at the right hand of the Father" and will ultimately return to fulfill the rest of Messianic prophecy such as the Resurrection of the dead, the Last Judgment and final establishment of the Kingdom of God.
• Christians call the message of Jesus Christ the Gospel ("good news").• Jesus stated that love is the greatest commandment: "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind [and] thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."
TEN COMMANMENTS• are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship.• instructions to worship only God and to keep the Sabbath, and prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, theft, and adultery.
CREEDS• from Latin credo meaning "I believe“• concise doctrinal statements or confessions, usually of religious beliefs.• The Apostles Creed• belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God and the Holy Spirit• the death, descent into hell, resurrection, and ascension of Christ• the holiness of the Church and the communion of saints• Christs second coming, the Day of Judgement and salvation of the faithful.
HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITYEarly Church and Christological Councils• began as a Jewish sector in the eastern Mediterranean in the mid-1st century.• Its earliest development took place under the leadership of• Christians were from the beginning subject to persecution by some Jewish religious authorities, who disagreed with the apostles teachings the Twelve Apostles.
• Larger-scale persecutions followed at the hands of the authorities of the Roman Empire• From the year 150, Christian teachers began to produce theological and apologetic works aimed at defending the faith. These authors are known as the Church Fathers, and study of them is called Patristics.• State persecution ceased in the 4th century, when Constantine I issued an edict of toleration in 313.• On 27 February 380, Emperor Theodosius I enacted a law establishing Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire.• From at least the 4th century, Christianity has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization.
EARLY MIDDLE AGES• With the decline and fall of the Roman Empire in the west, the papacy became a political player.• The church also entered into a long period of missionary activity and expansion among the various tribes.High and Late Middle Ages• In the west, from the 11th century onward, older cathedral schools developed into universities (University of Oxford, University of Paris, and University of Bologna.)
The Origins and Spread of Christianity to AD 600
Christmas• Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual commemoration of the birth of JesusChrist, celebrated generally on December 25 as a religious and cultural holiday by billions of people around the world• By the early-to-mid 4th century,Western Christianity had placed Christmas on December 25, a date later adopted in the East. The date of Christmas may have initially been chosen to correspond with the day exactly nine months after the Annunciation.
• Decorations:- The heart-shaped leaves of ivy symbolize the coming to earth of Jesus- Holly was seen as protection against pagans and witches, its thorns and red berries held to represent the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus at the crucifixion and the blood he shed- The traditional colours of Christmas are green and red. Red symbolizes the blood of Jesus, which was shed in his crucifixion Green symbolizes eternal life, and in particular the evergreen tree, which does not lose its leaves in the winter.
Palm Sunday• On Palm Sunday Christians celebrate the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, the week before his death and resurrection. For many Christian churches, Palm Sunday, often referred to as "Passion Sunday," marks the beginning of Holy Week• The Bible reveals that when Jesus entered Jerusalem, the crowds greeted him by waving palm branches and covering his path with palm branches. Immediately following this great time of celebration in the ministry of Jesus, he begins his journey to the cross.
Good Friday• Good Friday is a religious holiday observed primarily by Christians commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, Black Friday, or Easter Friday.• Good Friday is the Friday within Holy Week, and is a time of fasting and penance.
Easter• Easter is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament.• Easter is a moveable feast• Christian churches in the West celebrate Easter on the first Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox on March 21. Therefore, Easter is observed anywhere between March 22 and April 25 every year.
Easter Eggs• The custom of the Easter egg originated amongst the early Christians of Mesopotamia, who stained eggs red in memory of the blood of Christ, shed at his crucifixion. The Christian Church officially adopted the custom, regarding the eggs as a symbol of the resurrection.• Easter eggs are dyed red to represent the blood of Christ, shed on the Cross, and the hard shell of the egg symbolized the sealed Tomb of Christ — the cracking of which symbolized his resurrection from the dead.
Christian Denomination• A Christian denomination is an identifiable religious body under a common name, structure, and doctrine within Christianity.• Divisions between one group and another are defined by doctrine and church authority.
• Christianity is composed of five major branches of Churches.• 1) Roman Catholic• 2) Eastern Orthodox• 3) Oriental Orthodox• 4) Anglican• 5) Protestant
Reformation in Germany Reformation started in the 16th century. The protests against the corruption emanating from Rome began in earnest when Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk at the university of Wittenberg, called in 1517 for a reopening of the debate on the sale of indulgences and the authority to absolve sin and remit one from purgatory. Luthers dissent marked a sudden outbreak of a new and irresistible force of discontent. The Reformers made heavy use of inexpensive pamphlets (using the relatively new printing press (invented byJohannes Gutenberg) so there was swift movement of both ideas and documents, including The Ninety-Five Theses.
Reformation (elsewhere) Parallel to events in Germany, a movement began in Switzerland under the leadership of Ulrich Zwingli. These two movements quickly agreed on most issues, but some unresolved differences kept them separate. After this first stage of the Reformation, following the excommunication of Luther and condemnation of the Reformation by the Pope, the work and writings of John Calvin were influential in establishing a loose consensus among various groups in Switzerland, Scotland, Hungary, Germany and elsewhere.
• Christian rituals and religious practices vary between denomination, individual church and individual Christian.• Most Christians attend worship services at church on Sundays.• Most Christian churches have a special ritual for ordination, or designating a person fit for a leadership position in the church.• At home, most practicing Christians pray regularly and many read the Bible.
• Nearly all Christians will have been baptized - regularly participate in communion.• Baptism and communion are considered sacraments.
• The Lord Jesus instituted the Holy Communion the night before his death on the cross.• The bread which he broke, had to become a reminder to His children that his body had been broken for them before and on the cross.• The wine had to remind them of his blood which was shed for them by the crown of thorns, the whipping by the Roman soldiers, the nails through his hands and feet, and the spear.
• A feast of remembrance: It is just like an anniversary or birthday.• It is a feast where we testify: The Feast of the Passover lamb is described in the Old Testament.• It is a feast where we communicate: We cannot be secret believers.
• John 6:32, 51-52: "Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven... I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is My Flesh, for the life of the world."
• reception of the Blessed Sacrament (the Eucharist) that has been confected by a priest during the Holy Mass• is a living human being, is baptized, has proper intent, has fasted the proper amount of time, is in a state of grace• a sign of Christian unity - receive are declaring to the world that they accept all of the dogmas of the Church.
• The effects of receiving the Sacrament are:• union, by love, with Christ• an increase in sanctifying grace in the soul when received by a "living member of the Church" (i.e., one who is in a state of grace)• the blotting out venial sin and preserving the soul from mortal sin, in proportion to the communicants devotion• the rewards promised by Christ in His words, "He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up on the last day."
The 10 Commandments"And God spoke all these words, saying: I am the LORD your God… ONE: You shall have no other gods before Me. TWO: You shall not make for yourself a carved image--any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. THREE: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. FOUR: Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. FIVE: Honor your father and your mother.
SIX: You shall not murder.SEVEN: You shall not commit adultery.EIGHT: You shall not steal.NINE: You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.TEN: You shall not covet your neighbors house; you shall not covet your neighbors wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbors.
Biblical Teachings of JesusLove of God: "You shall love the Lord your God with all of your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind" (an excerpt from the Shema, -Matthew 22:37Fidelity in marriage: "Whom God has joined together let no man put asunder"Renunciation of worldly goods: "Gather not your riches up upon this earth, for there your heart will be also",Renunciation of violence: "If a man strikes you on one cheek, turn the other cheek",Forgiveness of sins: "Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us",Unconditional love: "Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you".
The Twelve Apostles• Jesus disciples were: 1.) Simon (whom He named Peter) 2.) Andrew 3.) James 4.) John 5.) Philip 6.) Bartholomew 7.) Matthew 8.) Thomas 9.) James son of Alphaeus 10.) Simon who was called the Zealot 11.) Judas son of James 12.) Judas Iscariot- later replaced with faithful Matthias.