LENT, HOLY WEEK and EASTER IN SPAINby Cristina Morón and Antonio Mateo
What’s Easter? Easter is a Christian feast and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament. Easter is preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance. The last week of Lent is called Holy Week.
What’s Easter? Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday. The First Council of Nicaea established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the northern hemispheres vernal equinox. The date of Easter usually varies between 22 March and 25 April.
Theological significance The New Testament teaches that the resurrection of Jesus, which Easter celebrates, is a foundation of the Christian faith. The resurrection established Jesus as the powerful Son of God.
Holy Week in Spain Spain celebrates the Holy Week much more than most European countries. During the Holy Week, street processions are organised in most Spanish towns each evening, from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday. Here the virgin of “La Pollinica”, a typical throne of Málaga
Holy Week in Spain People carry statues of saints, decorated with special banners and flowers, on wooden platforms, in an atmosphere of mourning - which can seem quite oppressive to onlookers. The Holy Week processions end with Easter Sunday, a day full of light and colour when church and cathedral bells are heard ringing throughout the country.
Nazarenos In some of the processions, marchers wear clothes which are meant to depict the Nazarenos, people from Nazareth. The religious fraternities and brotherhoods are responsable for carrying the statues and organising the penitents and musicians. The Nazarenos follow the people who carry the floats bearing sculptures and models of biblical scenes.
ThronesHere is anothertrhone called “LaCena” in Málaga.
Holy Week in Spain The people who carry the weight of the floats are called "costaleros" and are expected to carry these "thrones" with solemnity and grace. They use a small cushion ("costal") to protect themselves from getting sores from the wood rubbing against their skin during the long processions.
Typicals thrones of Andalucía El Cautivo La Macarena
LENT AND EASTER FOODABSTINENCE POTAJES AND TORRIJASThis is a period ofabstinence: Catholicpeople won´t eat meatduring Lent and the HolyWeek.That is the reason whyEaster meals and cakes areremarkable for beingtasteful and enriched withproteins.