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APPROACHES IN
LANGUAGE
TEACHING
TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE
(Language - body conversations)
 -Developed by James Asher

- Adults learning second language vs. children
learning mother tongue
 Extra materials are not always necessary
Based on
two theories
THEORY OF LANGUAGE
 Verbs in imperative and nouns
Comprehension, production and communication are not
important
Theory of learning
 1) Bio programming – Developing of languages
 2) Brain Lateralization – Uses of the two hemispheres
 3) Stress
OBJETIVE
Proficiency of a language
ESTRATEGY
Kinesthetic activities
Decoration
ROLES
STUDENT VS TEACHER
Depend on each other
THE MAIN APPROACH TO TEACH A
LANGUAGE
 Humanistic approaches
 Communicative approaches
COMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING
(CLT)
The teaching-learning process language
Language as this helps to improve speech
METHOD
Curriculum
TECHNIQUES
Role-play
Make easy dialogues
but where the
language factor is
visible
Cooperative activities
that allow to develop
creativity
AUTOLINGUAL METHOD
 Structural linguistics
 Principles of behavior psychology
Theory of language Theory of learning
Techniques
Teacher and learner roles
THE NATURAL APPROACH
Language acquisition in the classroom hypothesis:
 1. The acquisition-learning distinction hypothesis
 2. The monitor hypothesis . The natural order of acquisition hypothesis
 3. The natural order of acquisition hypothesis
 4. The input hypothesis
 5. The affective filter hypothesis
METHOD
 It is aimed for beginners.
 It is not based on grammar
 It is based on observation and interpretation.
TECHNIQUES
 Brainstorming
 Basic Communicative expresions
 Oral recognition
 Reading Dialogues

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Approaches in language teaching