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Cultural Participation and Local Development: Fabrice Murtin

OECD CFE
OECD CFE

A presentation by Fabrice Murtin

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CULTURAL PARTICIPATION AND
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
Fabrice Murtin
Head of Research, Modelling and Advanced Analytics
OECD Centre on Well-Being, Inclusion, Sustainability and
Equal Opportunity (WISE)
1. The well-being agenda has expanded rapidly and measurement
frameworks have been extensively developed
2. Culture is central in several national well-being measurement
frameworks (Bhutan, NZL…)
3. …but poor measures at international level:
a. Too prescriptive (focus on classical culture)
b. Too narrow (inputs vs outcomes)
c. Poor country coverage (except cinema)
4. Main measurement difficulties:
a. Many forms of culture
b. Ambiguity: Identity vs participation
5. Parallel between social and cultural capital: Cultural participation
is a bridging social relationship, identity is a bonding sense of
community or belonging (Putnam)
-> extend measurement of bridging activities (e.g. time-use surveys)
2
Cultural indicators in well-being
frameworks
3
The impacts of cultural participation
Bridging social capital
• Yields trust, economic development and social stability
Individual Well-being
• Forthcoming paper with Pier Luigi Sacco on “cultural participation
and well-being”
• Micro level (time-use): cultural participation yields the highest
well-being across all human activities (but selection effect)
• Macro level: strong link between life satisfaction and cinema
attendance
• Multi-disciplinary literature review spanning social sciences,
epidemiology, medical and neurological studies, and covering
music, visual arts, literature, cinema and theatre (active & passive):
– Lower heart rates and blood pressure, less stress and higher well-being for
all activities (active & passive)
– Only mixed results with active literature (selection effect)
• Intrinsic reward from cultural participation
(gene-culture coevolution?)
• Social cognition and pro-sociality
• Social connectedness
• Physical activity
• Resilience
• Eudaimonic sense-making
• Emotional regulation
• Social incentives (recognition, identity)
4
Pathways from cultural participation
to wellbeing
5
Next steps
• Statisticians: Get better measures at international level
(Eurostat) recognising the diversity of culture
• Economists: Value cultural participation through its
mental health and SWB impacts: calculate shadow price
of several cultural activities for extended cost-benefit
analysis (e.g. NZL Treasury), in line with the research
programme of the OECD Well-being Center (WISE)
• Policy-makers:
– Factor in well-being benefits when budgeting culture
(culture is like health, it is more than a cost)
– Probably expand funding (more decentralised?)

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Cultural Participation and Local Development: Fabrice Murtin

  • 1. CULTURAL PARTICIPATION AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Fabrice Murtin Head of Research, Modelling and Advanced Analytics OECD Centre on Well-Being, Inclusion, Sustainability and Equal Opportunity (WISE)
  • 2. 1. The well-being agenda has expanded rapidly and measurement frameworks have been extensively developed 2. Culture is central in several national well-being measurement frameworks (Bhutan, NZL…) 3. …but poor measures at international level: a. Too prescriptive (focus on classical culture) b. Too narrow (inputs vs outcomes) c. Poor country coverage (except cinema) 4. Main measurement difficulties: a. Many forms of culture b. Ambiguity: Identity vs participation 5. Parallel between social and cultural capital: Cultural participation is a bridging social relationship, identity is a bonding sense of community or belonging (Putnam) -> extend measurement of bridging activities (e.g. time-use surveys) 2 Cultural indicators in well-being frameworks
  • 3. 3 The impacts of cultural participation Bridging social capital • Yields trust, economic development and social stability Individual Well-being • Forthcoming paper with Pier Luigi Sacco on “cultural participation and well-being” • Micro level (time-use): cultural participation yields the highest well-being across all human activities (but selection effect) • Macro level: strong link between life satisfaction and cinema attendance • Multi-disciplinary literature review spanning social sciences, epidemiology, medical and neurological studies, and covering music, visual arts, literature, cinema and theatre (active & passive): – Lower heart rates and blood pressure, less stress and higher well-being for all activities (active & passive) – Only mixed results with active literature (selection effect)
  • 4. • Intrinsic reward from cultural participation (gene-culture coevolution?) • Social cognition and pro-sociality • Social connectedness • Physical activity • Resilience • Eudaimonic sense-making • Emotional regulation • Social incentives (recognition, identity) 4 Pathways from cultural participation to wellbeing
  • 5. 5 Next steps • Statisticians: Get better measures at international level (Eurostat) recognising the diversity of culture • Economists: Value cultural participation through its mental health and SWB impacts: calculate shadow price of several cultural activities for extended cost-benefit analysis (e.g. NZL Treasury), in line with the research programme of the OECD Well-being Center (WISE) • Policy-makers: – Factor in well-being benefits when budgeting culture (culture is like health, it is more than a cost) – Probably expand funding (more decentralised?)