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3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
3 July 2023 | OECD, Paris | Hybrid
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Moderation
Soo-Jin Kim
Deputy Head
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Opening remarks
Nadim Ahmad
Deputy Director
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs,
Regions and Cities
OECD
Seong-ik Oh
Director-General for Cadastral
Resurvey Planning Office
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and
Transport, Korea
Ilhwan An
Ambassador of Korea
to the OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Agenda
4
• Session I (10:00-11:45): How can smart city initiatives boost the net-zero
transition?
• Family photo & lunch break
• Session II (14:00-15:30): Barriers and enabling factors for smart cities to meet
their net-zero objectives
• Coffee break
• Session III (16:00-17:30): How to measure the contribution of smart cities
towards net-zero objectives
• Session IV (17:30-18:00): Shaping the way forward for sustainable smart cities:
next steps for the Programme on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
• Cocktail
Session I. How can smart city initiatives boost
the net-zero transition?
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Moderation
Aziza Akhmouch
Head
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Setting the scene
Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter
Senior Economist and Head of Unit
Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
@OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe
HOW CAN SMART CITIES BOOST THE
NET-ZERO TRANSITION ?
Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter, Anaïs Rault
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs , Regions and Cities (CFE), Economic Analysis, data and statistics division
Supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Republic of Korea
Climate change with current policies would have severe
impacts on human wellbeing
9
Source: C40 cities
Source: IPCC, 2019, Climate change
and land, summary for policy makers
Source: Climate Action Tracker
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 10
Cities contribute much to direct GHG emissions
Source: 2021 OECD Regional Outlook
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Cities also need to pay attention to indirect emissions
11
In many cities
consumption based
emissions are higher
than direct and energy-
use related emissions
Source: C40
Relative differences between consumption-
based GHG emissions and direct as well as
energy-use related GHG emissions for 79
C40 cities
Twitter: @OECD_local
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local
Website: www.oecd.org/cfe
Thank you!
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Spotlight
Frankie Downy
Technical Lead on Energy and Buildings
C40
OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities
and Inclusive Growth
3rd July
Frankie Downy
Technical Lead, Energy &
Buildings
Smart cities and the
net zero transition
14
© brizmaker / Getty Images
C40 is a network of mayors of nearly
100 world-leading cities collaborating to
deliver the urgent action needed right
now to confront the climate crisis.
Together, we can create a future where
everyone, everywhere can thrive.
© C40
16
24/7 Carbon Free Energy
C40 is supporting 4 cities explore how they can accelerate
the delivery of 24/7 Carbon Free Energy projects in cities
C40 White paper
● Explores the roles of cities in this transition
● Promotes new thinking about how energy systems are
managed
● Explores demand side flexibility and supply side
measures needed to deliver 24/7 CFE
Proof of concept pilots
● London
● Paris
● Copenhagen
Add image credit here
London
● Demand side flexibility
● Analysis of which
technologies to flex and
city-wide potential
● Develop a real world
pilot
Paris
● Clean energy grid mix
● Electrification of
transport analysis
● Implementation
roadmap
Copenhagen
● Hourly municipal
energy procurement
● Technology mix
analysis
● Implementation
roadmap
● Grid interactive
buildings project
fdowny@c40.org
Thank you
Frankie Downy
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Martin Mooij
Head of Certification and Project
Manager
Dutch Green Building Council
Marion Lagadic
Project Manager Innovation
International Transport Forum
(ITF)
Kazuaki Takahashi
Executive Director for Planning
and Coordination Department
City of Yokohama
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Martin Mooij
Head of Certification and Project
Manager
Dutch Green Building Council
Marion Lagadic
Project Manager Innovation
International Transport Forum
(ITF)
Kazuaki Takahashi
Executive Director for Planning
and Coordination Department
City of Yokohama
OECD Smart Cities
Paris Proof route to Net
Zero
03 | 07 | 22
Online
Independent network organisation in The Netherlands
• Founded in 2008, 390 members
• Representing the building sector: developers, investors, consultants, end-users etc
• BREEAM-NL Scheme Operator
Data and alignment of data is key
• SMART indicators: ‘you can’t improve what you can’t measure’
• ‘One common language on sustainability’
• Challenge: growing set of ESG indicators
• Rating systems, EPBD, CSRD, EU-Taxonomy
2017: Start Paris Proof program: Net Zero built environment
Background Dutch Green Building Council
2012 2020 2050
2030 2040
2/3:
Efficiency
and on-site
renewables
1/3:
Renewable
supply
Net Zero Paris Proof definition: 66% energy reduction
DGBC: Performance based building codes
Benefits for the end-user and investors
• Simple monitoring and benchmarking
• Freedom to select the most cost effective measures
• New smart Machine Learning consultancy services
• Brains-for-Buildings project
Benefits for the authorities
• Local authorities: enforcement based on metered energy
• Remote: from smart meter readings
• Scalable: no capacity to visit every building
• Government: monitoring climate goals of the building sector
II
Improve
efficiency
• WEii: Energy Use Intensity indicator
• Actual performance
• Most buildings do not perform as they
should do
• Especially the A-labelled buildings
• Act on both axis
• Label: theoretical performance
• WEii: actual performance
WEii protocol and Kompas
III
Improve
building
I
Improve
building and
efficiency
2030
Investors: similar approach: CRREM project
Need for a consistent and open energy data system,
from country level to asset level
Netherlands
Public and
commercial buildings
Retail Restaurant
Hestia model:
Open national model for energy transition scenario's
Hestia model video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqXu3hzYSTs&ab_channel=Energy-energietransitie
• Starting with homes: all-in 3D available in
the model based on reference types
• Connected to building stock, infrastructures
(district heating), energy consumption
• Applications
• National and regional scenario's
(outphasing natural gas infrastructure)
• Grid congestion
• Local authorities in charge for this
process
• Impact increasing energy prices
(vulnerable households)
Heat pump
Gas boiler
Other
DVU: Public data sharing system
Example open data system: New York
Zuid Hollandlaan 7
2596 AL Den Haag
+31 (0)88 55 80 100
info@dgbc.nl
Martin Mooij
m.mooij@dgbc.nl
DGBC.nl
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Martin Mooij
Head of Certification and Project
Manager
Dutch Green Building Council
Marion Lagadic
Project Manager Innovation
International Transport Forum
(ITF)
Kazuaki Takahashi
Executive Director for Planning
and Coordination Department
City of Yokohama
How can smart city initiatives help
cities reach net-zero objectives and
become climate neutral?
OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship Roundtable
3 July 2023
Marion Lagadic, Project Manager Innovation at the ITF Research Centre
• Transport sector: 23% of global
energy-related CO2 emissions
• Urban transport accounts for more than
40% of the sector’s total emissions.
Smart cities, smart mobility:
What are the expectations?
36
New mobility solutions Seamless mobility Efficiency gains
e.g. Dockless e-scooters are
expected to induce shift and
intermodality
• Mode shift from private
cars around 8%/10%
(Europe) to 15% (US) or
24% (NZ) – low mode
share overall
• Intermodality with PT:
15% (Paris) to 57% (Oslo)
e.g. MaaS should offer
seamless travel to
encourage mode shift
• Small-scale experiments
suggest MaaS increases
PT use
• MaaS is less attractive to
car-users
e.g. data-based PT and
traffic management
solutions
• Improvements in travel
time, limitations in
congestion
• Safety improvements
• Example: TOPIS in Seoul
Sources:
ITF
(2021)
;
ITF
(2021)
;
OECD
(2020)
;
IEA
(2021)
• Reinventing mobility governance:
new stakeholders, new temporalities,
new skills
• Striking the right balance: with
too stringent or misguided
regulation, the market will not
develop; without regulation, risk of
unfair competition
• Need for capacity-building to
support, develop and regulate data-
enabled solutions
The true challenge: reaping
these benefits
37
Dockless shared e-scooters
• No infrastructure: new regulation needed to
avoid clutter and ease intermodality
• Fleet caps, license caps: striking the right
balance implies knowing the market
MaaS
• Risk of unfair competition and market lock-
in without the right data infrastructure
• Public sector-led MaaS: the challenge of
keeping up with innovation
Built environment
Highly regulated
Data as foundational
infrastructure
38
Transport network
infrastructure
Highly regulated
Mobility data
infrastructure
Hardly regulated
Infrastructure-
based services
Highly regulated
• Data, while immaterial,
shapes real-world outcomes.
• Some governments have
acknowledged the
infrastructure-like nature of
mobility data (e.g. MODI in
Switzerland)
• Three pillars for cities to
consider: data sharing, data
reporting, and machine-
readable regulation
Source: ITF (2023) Mix and MaaS: Data Architecture for Mobility as a Service
Smarter monitoring to
serve policymaking
39
1. For smart solutions to contribute to an
inclusive transition to sustainable mobility,
cities should treat data as a foundational
infrastructure.
2. Need for a cross-sectoral vision for data
governance: the transport sector seeks to
address similar issues as those faced by
the energy, health, finance sectors
Conclusion
40
Thank you
Marion LAGADIC
T +33 (0)1 73 31 25 22
E marion.lagadic@itf-oecd.org
Postal address
2 rue André Pascal
F-75775 Paris Cedex 16
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Martin Mooij
Head of Certification and Project
Manager
Dutch Green Building Council
Marion Lagadic
Project Manager Innovation
International Transport Forum
(ITF)
Kazuaki Takahashi
Executive Director for Planning
and Coordination Department
City of Yokohama
Yokohama City’s actions to tackle with climate change
TAKAHASHI Kazuaki (Ph.D, he/him)
Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department
Climate Change Policy Headquarters, City of Yokohama, JAPAN 43
Yokohama City’s Basic information
・Population 3.77 million
・Households 1.78 million
・No. establishments 120 thousand
2159
2040
1934 1889 1864
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
GHG emissions are declining
City of Yokohama, Japan
Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP)
 Performance/Target FY 2010~2014
HEMS(4,200site/4,000site), PV(37MW/27MW), EV(2,300/2,000)
CO2 Reductions(39kton/30kton), CO2 Reduction Ratio(29%/25%
)
Demonstration Project of Development/Introduction of a Regional Energy
Management System in large-scale existing urban area
45
CEMS
EV
BEMS
Battery SCADA
Smart BEMS(Toshiba、
Taisei construction)
Smart BEMS
(JGC)
Smart BEMS
(Meidensya、NEC)
HEMS
(Panasonic)
HEMS
(Mitsui Fudosan Residential 、
Toshiba)
Complex HEMS
(JXTG、Mitsui Fudosan
Residential ,Toshiba)
Complex HEMS
(Tokyo gas、
NTT-F、NTT docomo)
CEMS
(Toshiba、Accenture)
FEMS
FEMS(Meidehsha、
Sumitomo Electric Industries )
Battery SCADA
(Toshiba、TEPCO)
Supply and demand adjustment Battery
(Toshiba、Hitach、Meidensya、NEC)
Storage battery(Demand
side)(Sony energy device、
Sharp)
BEMS in office building
(Toshiba、Marubeni、Mitsubishi
Estate、Mitsui Estate)
Integrated BEMS
(Toshiba)
Charging and Discharging
EV(NISSAN、HITACHI、
Oria)
Complex HEMS
(Daikyo astage)
HEMS
Car wings data center
(NISSAN)
Charging Station(JXTG energy、Tokyo
institute of Technology)
Data Collection and delivery system
(Hitachi、Toshiba)
Smart BEMS(SHIMZ
construction)
Energy consumption in Yokohama City
House Business Industry Transport
Energy Conversion
-20%
Comp. with 2013
-7.9%
Comp. with 2019
“Attractive” Lifestyle under Carbon-Neutral Society
Carbon-
Neutral
Lifestyle
Action
Economical and
Social System
Construction
ex. sound
material-cycle
society
Fashion
Food
House
Movement
Consumer
Goods
Leisure
Energy
Innovation of Business/Local Model
related to Sustainable and Pioneer Lifestyle
Spread of “Attractive” Lifestyle
under Carbon-Neutral Society
Contributing to
Greenhouse gas
emission reduction
Idea Generation
Demonstration
experiment
Aim to integrate
Carbon-Neutral Society,
Sound Material-Cycle Society,
Society in harmony with Nature
And
Sustainable Development
“Attractive” Lifestyle under Carbon-Neutral Society
Society sustained through mutual
assistance
Local Production
and Consumption
Sharing
economy
Renewable
energy
IoT/AI
IoT/AI
Convenient
Healthy
Resilient
Hope to work together to make Carbon Neutrality true!
http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/ondan/
49
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
50
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Joosep Vimm
Deputy Mayor
City of Tallinn
Foucauld Laurent
EMEA Business Development
Manager for Local Governments
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Seunghyun Jung
Development Project Manager of the
Carbon Emission Map of Korea
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering
and Building Technology
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Joosep Vimm
Deputy Mayor
City of Tallinn
Foucauld Laurent
EMEA Business Development
Manager for Local Governments
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Seunghyun Jung
Development Project Manager of the
Carbon Emission Map of Korea
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering
and Building Technology
How can smart city initiatives boost
the net-zero transition?
Tallinn’s smart circular economy and waste
management model
Joosep Vimm
Deputy mayor of Tallinn City
Curious about the future?
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Joosep Vimm
Deputy Mayor
City of Tallinn
Foucauld Laurent
EMEA Business Development
Manager for Local Governments
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Seunghyun Jung
Development Project Manager of the
Carbon Emission Map of Korea
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering
and Building Technology
© 2021, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Amazon Confidential and Trademark.
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
200+ fully featured services to build any type of solution
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Citizen services
Digital administrative services,
citizen engagement platforms, city
call center/chatbot, queue
management, etc
Smart transport
Connected public transport, public fleet
management, optimizing traffic flow,
anomaly detections
Building management
Automation and optimization of services
such as heating, energy, usage, lighting
and ventilation
Environmental Management
Controlling CO, emissions of
factories and monitoring car
pollution
Smart energy
Automated Meter Reading,
Smart grid with Condition
monitoring and predictive
maintenance, Virtual
Power Plants
Public Safety and Smart Lightning
Connected/smart lamp posts with intelligent
video surveillance and crowd management
Smart water
Water network asset management,
AMR/MDM, water quality and level
monitoring, leak detection/NRW, utility
digital twins
Waste Management
Waste bin/fleet management,
optimizing collection route, camera for
road asset management
Urban connectivity and data platforms
5G/Wifi/Lorawan, cross-sectoral data
platforms, open data platforms, smart
spaces
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Read the case study
62
Intelligent Waste Management
City of Harrisonburg, United States
AWS helped the City of Harrisonburg, Virginia, implement a smart
waste and recycling software solution that aims at improving solid
waste services efficiency and reduce emissions and costs.
 Carbon Emissions Reduction: 230,000 pounds of CO2 emissions avoided
 Operational efficiency: 61 min saved per collection
 Cost savings: $194,000 annual savings
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
DA
TAFR
OM S
PA
C
E
(R
E
MOT
ES
E
NS
ING
)
A
R
T
IFIC
IA
L
INT
EL
LIG
ENC
E
G
EOS
PA
T
IA
L
A
NA
LY
S
IS
Satellite Imaging
Artificial
Intelligence
Geospatial
Analysis
Sustainable Urban Planning
City of Torino, Italy
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Sustainable Urban Planning
City of Torino, Italy
 Mitigate and prevent Urban Heat Islands
 Expand carbon storage capacity
 Improve air quality
 Implement 3 – 30 – 300 rule
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
City-Scale 3D Digital Twin
City of Toronto, Canada
© 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
In Europe,AWS Cloud infrastructures are
5x more energy efficient
And can perform the same task with
88% lower carbon footprint
than on-premise data centers
451 Research
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Joosep Vimm
Deputy Mayor
City of Tallinn
Foucauld Laurent
EMEA Business Development
Manager for Local Governments
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Seunghyun Jung
Development Project Manager of the
Carbon Emission Map of Korea
Korea Institute of Civil Engineering
and Building Technology
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
Carbon Spatial Map &
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
Carbon Spatial Map
Carbon Emission
Activities
Carbon Sink Ability
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
Building Carbon Emission
(Electricity)
Transportation Carbon
Emission
Forest Absorption
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
- How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
75
Session II. Barriers and enabling factors for
smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Moderation
Rene Peter Hohmann
Senior Economist and Head of Unit
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Setting the scene
Hyunjoon Cho
Senior Policy Analyst
Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
@OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe
HOW CAN SMART CITIES BOOST
THE NET-ZERO TRANSITION?
Barriers and enabling factors for smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives
Economic analysis, Data and Statistics
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE)
Hyunjoon Cho, Senior Policy Analyst
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Barriers to scaling up smart city solutions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Risks and challenges of smart city toolsartnership
Data Security &
Privacy Concerns
Risk of system
disruptions
Widening of
inequalities
Environmental
impacts
 Who accesses, owns the data? How long and for what
purposes?
 Concerns of surveillance
 Cyber attack (e.g., shutdown of electricity, water)
 System failure risk
 Digital divide
 People unable to access Smart City services
 Unintended labelling (e.g., public school rating map)
 Digital industry: 3.7% of total GHG emissions
 Rebound effects: Paradox of efficiency improvement
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Enabling factors
Comprehensive Smart City
Strategy
Cooperation with a wide
range of stakeholders
Secured Financial means
Strengthened capacity in
subnational government
Enhanced data governance
Collaboration with national
government
Innovation and
entrepreneurship
Smart Cities

Twitter: @OECD_local
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local
Website: www.oecd.org/cfe
Blog: oecdcogito.blog
Thank you!
Hyunjoon.CHO@oecd.org
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Curt Garrigan
Chief, Sustainable Urban Development
Section, Environment and
Development Division
US ESCAP
Philippe Froissard
Head of Unit, Future Urban and
Mobility Systems
DG Research and Innovation,
European Commission
Peter Sailer
Project Director, International Smart
Cities Network
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
GmbH
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Curt Garrigan
Chief, Sustainable Urban Development
Section, Environment and
Development Division
US ESCAP
Philippe Froissard
Head of Unit, Future Urban and
Mobility Systems
DG Research and Innovation,
European Commission
Peter Sailer
Project Director, International Smart
Cities Network
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
GmbH
Session II: Enabling factors for smart cities
to meet their net-zero objectives
Curt Garrigan
Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division
3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
Challenges to Building Smart Cities in Asia-Pacific
A digital divide persists through uneven
access and varying levels of digital
literacy
Viable finance for smart city solutions
remains a challenge
Governance systems that are not sufficiently
integrated (vertically / horizontally) to take full
advantage of smart city solutions
Lack of public trust in data protection
Lack of robust systems to protect from
cyber security threats
Lack of interoperability leads to
fragmented service delivery at local
levels and a lack of communication
Infrastructure development requires
substantial investments
ECAP is implementing the Smart
Cities Innovation Lab (SCIL) project
focusing on enhancing the innovation
ecosystem, as well as working with
other member states to develop
national smart city policy
recommendations
ICT Readiness Level of ASEAN Countries
Networked Readiness Index: measures the degree of readiness of countries
to exploit opportunities offered by ICT
Affordability Drivers Index: measures the degree of internet infrastructure and
current broadband adoption rates (accessibility), as well as the policy
frameworks in place
Inclusive Internet Index: assesses accessibility, affordability, relevance, and
readiness of digital inclusion
Global Connectivity Index: ranks nations according to ICT investment, ICT
maturity, and digital economic performance
Indices
ASEAN Country Performance on ICT Readiness
Regional Priorities
Decarbonizing
energy systems,
energy efficiency of
building stock &
construction
practices, compact
cities & circular
urban economy
Accelerating
energy transition
& decarbonization
of transportation
systems &
incorporation of
electric mobility &
smart solutions
Localizing SDGs –
setting sustainable
energy vision &
targets, making
cleaning energy
more affordable,
using smart
solutions &
accelerating
climate finance in
cities
• National Government: Develop a comprehensive
national smart city strategy (promote vertical &
horizontal integration) & link smart city initiatives to
support efficient urban service delivery & improved
quality of life
• Local Government: Support identification of smart city
priorities & the design & implementation of smart city
projects
• Private Sector: Link startups & technology companies to
cities to provide innovative solutions and infrastructure
for smart city priorities.
• UN & Development Agencies: Support the development
of regional guidelines, a community of practice to
promote knowledge-sharing & collaboration (best
practices)
• Academia & Civil Society: Contribute to research &
Involve citizens and local communities in the planning
and implementation of smart city initiatives
Policy Recommendations
1. Improve smart city governance across urban systems, institutions, and
actors to overcome inequalities and make more informed and integrated
planning decisions
2. Support upgrading of existing infrastructure & building new infrastructure
to support smart city initiatives
3. Encourage start-ups and technology firms to become more civic-minded
and create sustainable smart city solutions with social enterprises
4. Adopt cybersecurity safeguards in both digital and physical urban
infrastructure development planning
5. Develop smart mobility investment plans that prioritize sustainable urban
mobility options for citizens
6. Expand viable smart city funding mechanisms by enabling cross-sector
partnerships and business matching platforms
7. Develop climate-smart action plans that integrate inclusive digitalization
into mitigation and adaptation measures, including providing enabling national
environment for smart action plans to be implemented Make cities and human
settlements inclusive, safe,
resilient and sustainable
Urban-Act Integrated Urban Climate Action for Low-
Carbon & Resilient Cities
IKI Funding Priority: Transformation towards low-carbon & resilient urban
development through enhanced vertically integrated climate sensitive urban
planning contributing to NDC implementation
Countries: China | India | Indonesia | Philippines | Thailand
Timeframe: 4.5 years | ca. Q4/2022 – Q3/2026
Volume: EUR 22.625 M
Implementation Partners
International: GIZ, UNESCAP, UCLG ASPAC,
University of Stuttgart, TU Dortmund University
National: up to 2 Partners per country
Project relations
THANK YOU
Follow us:
www.unescap.org
unitednationsescap
united-nations-escap
unescap
unescap unescap
For more information, please visit the Environment and Development Division webpage https://www.unescap.org/our-
work/environment-development and contact us as: ESCAP-EDD-EDPS@un.org
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Curt Garrigan
Chief, Sustainable Urban Development
Section, Environment and
Development Division
US ESCAP
Philippe Froissard
Head of Unit, Future Urban and
Mobility Systems
DG Research and Innovation,
European Commission
Peter Sailer
Project Director, International Smart
Cities Network
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
GmbH
95
SELECTED CITIES
(MISSION CITIES)
• 100 EU cities selected
from all Member States
and of different types
(size, current emissions,
level of preparedness),
representing 12% of the
EU population.
• +12 cities from
associated countries.
EU27
Associated countries
96
Mission label
Mission platform
• Run by the NetZeroCities consortium
• Tailor-made technical, regulatory and
financial advice
• R&I demonstrators
• Twinning and mutual learning
Climate City Contracts
• Including climate action plan and
investment strategy
• Innovative city governance and citizen
engagement
• Involvement of European, national and
regional level
• Synergies with other programmes
• Help with access to funding and financing
MAIN ELEMENTS OF THE
MISSION
Horizon Europe
Portfolio of R&I projects
97
The CCCs
• 12 Climate City Contracts are already under review by the Commission.
• Finalization of the review by the end of summer 40 to 50 CCCs expected by the end year
• National networks:
- Greece: Green Fund (EUR 10 million) for the six Mission cities, plus EUR 500 000 for CCC
preparation
- Spain: National Mission platform (seed fund EUR 800 000), co-governance in European
funds
• EU pledged to have all cities to be climate neutral by 2050.
Building Capacity for Net-Zero and smart
Transition
• Develop technical and financial capacity for successful implementation of
smart city initiatives is a key aspect retained by our EoI.
• Horizon Europe and the cities mission are key to capacity building in the
EU
98
A just transition
• Policy guidance and funding schemes at all levels prioritize a just transition principle.
• Climate and smart transition impact various aspects of life, including food, transportation,
governance, work, and the economy and we want to make sure no one is left behind.
• Cities Mission Assistance: Cities Mission provides tools for citizen engagement and
connects cities for successful engagement activities.
Synergies with other EU programmes
• Smart aspect: Digital Europe Programme, Living-in.EU, Smart Cities
Marketplace
• Sectoral EU programmes, e.g. Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)
• Horizon Europe Partnerships: e.g. Joint activity planned with
Partnerships on zero-emission mobility (2Zero) and connected and
automated driving (CCAM)
• New European Bauhaus: CrAFT project
• Covenant of Mayors, Climate Pact
Thank you
Philippe Froissard – Head of Unit DG. RTD
Philippe.Froissard@ec.europa.eu
© European Union 2023
Unless otherwise noted the reuse of this presentation is authorised under the CC BY 4.0 license. For any use or reproduction of elements that are
not owned by the EU, permission may need to be sought directly from the respective right holders.
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Curt Garrigan
Chief, Sustainable Urban Development
Section, Environment and
Development Division
US ESCAP
Philippe Froissard
Head of Unit, Future Urban and
Mobility Systems
DG Research and Innovation,
European Commission
Peter Sailer
Project Director, International Smart
Cities Network
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
GmbH
Urban Digitalisation & Smart City
Development
in Germany – challenges and actions
Peter Sailer
Project Director, International Smart Cities Network
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
NATIONAL
SMART CITY DIALOGUE
Dialogue platform Smart
Cities
Creation of a common
understanding of
goals, values,
guidelines
and recommendations
FEDERAL FUNDING
PROGRAMME SMART CITY
Model Projects Smart City
Funding programme for
currently 73 projects
with a volume of 820
Mn EUR
Coordination and Transfer
Consortium MPSC (KTS)
10+ organisations
managing knowledge
diffusion
and replication efforts
INTERNATIONAL
KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER
International
Smart Cities Network
International practical
exchange, knowledge
transfer and learning
processes on Smart
Cities
Germany‘s current federal programmes
EUROPEAN NETWORKING &
#connectedinEurope
Information & capacity
building opportunities
for German & European
municipalities to
improve European
networking
Knowledge transfer on
Smart City EU topics
Model Projects Smart Cities (MPSC)
Variety of approaches and
projects:
• Digital Twins
• Urban Data Platforms
• DataHubs
• Hybrid vegetable markets
• Municipal co-working spaces
• Media pedagogy for youth
• Smart library – Reading 4.0
• Smart Sensors (wellbeing, energy
efficiency, climate adaptation)
• Participatory urban planning
• LoRaWAN workshop
• Data Warehouse
• Public transport On Demand
• Urban Farming
• Citizen terminal
• Telemedicine
…and many more…
MPSC: Zoom-in
• Model region of five mid size and small size towns
• Joint strategic development framework is base for individual
smart city strategies
• five municipal processes with local characteristics and
different priorities
→ five learning successes of their own
• Südwestfalen Agentur is central network node in the project
consortium
→ joint communication and transfer of knowledge in the
region
• network benefits from the experience and knowledge of the
five pioneers
• joint processes, new synergies, and close interlinking with
"smart" projects of the REGIONALE 2025 expo
• entire region benefits from exemplary approaches and clever
Model Project Smart
City:
5 für Südwestfalen
https://www.naturschaetze-suedwestfalens.de/Die-Region-Suedwestfalen
https://www.smart-city-dialog.de/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Region-
Suedwestfalen-karte.png
Digital Twin for Stuttgart Metro Region
Mapping → Overview of current and planned land-use
features
Data → Socio-economic data (e.g., demography;
economy)
Models → mobility; climate features (dynamic)
Analysis → Interrelations/cross-cutting comparison
Foresight → Scenarios for different development strategies
 Based on GIS database of the Verband Region Stuttgart
(implantation of third-party data – e.g. federal state,
local authorities)
 Integration of mobility model
 Integration of data from spatial observation
 Reports and analysis on economic development from the
regional economic development agency
 Graphics/didactic input from outreach activities
 Close cooperation with the University of Stuttgart
Source: Verband Region
Stuttgart
area size
10 %
population
25 %
economic strength
30 %
Region
Stuttgart
Baden-
Württemberg
Thank you!
Contact:
Peter Sailer, Project Director ISCN
Peter.Sailer@giz.de
Website:
https://www.smart-city-dialog.de/en/
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
107
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General
European Digital SME
Alliance
Vida Rozite
Policy Researcher and
Advisor
International Energy
Agency (IEA)
Willington Feitosa
Smart Cities Coordinator
Rio de Janeiro
Hongseok Lee
Team Leader
Eco-friendly buildings
Seoul Metropolitan
Government
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General
European Digital SME
Alliance
Vida Rozite
Policy Researcher and
Advisor
International Energy
Agency (IEA)
Willington Feitosa
Smart Cities Coordinator
Rio de Janeiro
Hongseok Lee
Team Leader
Eco-friendly buildings
Seoul Metropolitan
Government
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General
European Digital SME
Alliance
Vida Rozite
Policy Researcher and
Advisor
International Energy
Agency (IEA)
Willington Feitosa
Smart Cities Coordinator
Rio de Janeiro
Hongseok Lee
Team Leader
Eco-friendly buildings
Seoul Metropolitan
Government
Empowering Cities toward Net Zero Emissions:
Resilient, smart and sustainable cities towards a sustainable energy future
3 JULY 2023
Name of the presenter
IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 112
Cities have a critical role to play towards clean energy
IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 113
Digitalisation opens opportunities for system-wide and cross-sectoral efficiency
Digital tools offer integrated solutions to accelerate net-zero transitions across sectors and systems
Big data Artificial Automation
intelligence
Smart Internet of Advanced
meters things simulations
GIS Digital
twins
Buildings
Energy
management
systems, peer-
to-peer trading
City planning
Circularity across
sectors, urban
and resilience
planning
Energy systems
Distribution automation,
clean energy deployment
plans
Transport
systems
Intelligent transport
systems, integrated
multimodal
information
Cross-sectoral
Vehicle to grid
integration, demand
response, sustainable
urban form, utilisation of
waste heat and cooling
IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 114
Singapore’s one-of-a-kind digital twin “Virtual Singapore”
• Urban and spatial energy planning based on digital tools
can identify the benefits and impacts of measures and
policies before implementation and during
• Virtual Singapore integrates GIS data with buildings
information, modelling data to replicate the city’s infrastructure,
transport systems and buildings.
• In addition to providing static information like any other map,
Virtual Singapore is updated with dynamic real-time data, e.g.
on traffic and weather.
• The digital twin supports decision-making:
- Where rooftop has most potential
- Mapping of optimal evacuation routes
- Where energy efficiency interventions have most value
- Where to set up mixed-use zones to flatten demand
curves
- How to optimise traffic flows
https://www.nrf.gov.sg/programmes/virtual-singapore
IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 115
Challenges and possible actions
Digitalisation
risks
Insufficient co-
ordination
Lack of
capacity
Access to
finance
Data
challenges
Data-sharing
platforms
Harmonisation
standards
Data protection
frameworks,
transparent
communication
Develop
communities of
practice
Create knowledge-
sharing platforms
Create cross-
cutting networks
Create special-
purpose vehicles
Create initiatives to
attract capacity and
skills
Develop
opportunities for
knowledge
exchange
Develop training
and upskilling
programmes
Stimulate public-private
partnerships
Support the creation of
new instruments e.g.
green bonds
Redirect funding and
develop dedicated
financing vehicles
Introduce training to
develop bankable
projects
Support the creation of
revenue-generating
business models
Develop cyber security
frameworks and
guidelines
Create options for
circularity
Build capacity and
create inclusive
policies and projects
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General
European Digital SME
Alliance
Vida Rozite
Policy Researcher and
Advisor
International Energy
Agency (IEA)
Willington Feitosa
Smart Cities Coordinator
Rio de Janeiro
Hongseok Lee
Team Leader
Eco-friendly buildings
Seoul Metropolitan
Government
+55 21 98181 9595
willingtonfeitosa@gmail.com
Willington Feitosa
Smart City Coordinator
City of Rio
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General
European Digital SME
Alliance
Vida Rozite
Policy Researcher and
Advisor
International Energy
Agency (IEA)
Willington Feitosa
Smart Cities Coordinator
Rio de Janeiro
Hongseok Lee
Team Leader
Eco-friendly buildings
Seoul Metropolitan
Government
Building GHG Emission
Cap Regulation in Seoul
3 July 2023 / Seoul Metropolitan Government
건물온실가스
총량제
Emission trends in Seoul
● ● ● ● ● ●
-
20,000
40,000
60,000
2005년 2010년 2015년 2016년 2017년 2018년 2019년
(‘000 CO2 eq.)
63%
70%
67% 67% 68% 69% 69%
49,445 49,496
45,646 46,986 46,685 47,073 45,960
1. Why is the Cap Regulation Necessary?
● ● ● ● ● ●
Total emissions Building emissions
건물온실가스
총량제
Note: Registered buildings as of July 2020
2. GHG Emission Monitoring System for Buildings
Building register
(628,474 units)
Energy usage
(Korea Real Estate Board)
Electricity usage
Gas usage
Regional heat usage
Korea Electric Power Corporation
Five gas providers
Four energy providers
Basic material for data analysis
(560,984 units)
Data matching
Unmatched data
(67,490 units)
→ Due to mismatches between
registration and data inclusion
Finalized DB
(555,634 units)
Data verification
(5,350 units)
* Energy use in buildings only
* Excl. buildings with no energy
use for 2017-2019
88.4% of total buildings registered
Phase 1: Data production
Phase 2: Database set-up
건물온실가스
총량제 3. Striving to Introduce the Cap Regulation
Unit Total
Larger than
3,000㎡
Larger than
5,000㎡
Larger than
10,000㎡
Buildings
No. of unit
(%)
147,055
(100)
12,701
(8.6)
8,211
(5.6)
3,998
(2.7)
Total
floor area
‘000 ㎡
(%)
236,178
(100)
156,871
(66.4)
139,398
(59)
109,104
(46.2)
GHG
‘000 tCO₂eq
(%)
15,323
(100)
8,462
(55.2)
7,406
(48.3)
5,798
(37.8)
Energy ‘000 TOE
7,432
(100)
4,115
(55.4)
3,596
(48.4)
2,804
(37.7)
2050 energy
consumption
target
(TOE/㎡)
2025 energy
reduction
target
건물온실가스
총량제 4. What are the Barriers/Challenges?
Thank you
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
125
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Discussant
Elisa Vilares
Chair of OECD Working Party on Urban Policy (WPURB)
Head of Division of Territorial Development and Urban Policy
DG Território, Portugal
Session III. How to measure the contribution of
smart cities towards net-zero
objectives?
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Moderation
Rudiger Ahrend
Head
Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Setting the scene
Camille Viros
Economist/Policy Analyst
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
@OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe
Camille VIROS, Economist/Policy Analyst
OECD Centre of Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
Paris, 3 July 2023
STRENGTHENING THE NET-ZERO
OBJECTIVE IN THE OECD SMART CITY
MEASUREMENT FRAMEWORK
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 131
#smartcities
The OECD Smart City Measurement Framework
• Measuring smart city
performance helps track
progress towards net-zero
objectives and adjust policies for
greater efficiency
• The OECD Smart City
Measurement Framework:
• 3 pillars
• Comprehensive, multi-
dimensional, flexible
• Guiding tool for governments
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 132
#smartcities
Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 1
Pillar 1 measures the degree of digitalisation in 8
dimensions of urban life
The net-zero objective can be strengthened especially
in three dimensions:
Mobility
number of users of
smart ride sharing
per 100 000;
% smart traffic
lights;
% public transport
equipped with
real-time info
Housing
% buildings
equipped with
BEMS;
% households with
smart electricity
meters;
% households
equipped with
sensors
Energy, waste
and water
% smart
streetlights;
% buildings linked
to smart grid
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 133
#smartcities
Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 2
• Pillar 2 measures the level of stakeholder
engagement as an input to the process of
shaping smart cities
• The net-zero consideration can be
strengthened throughout all steps taken in
engaging stakeholders
• Communication campaigns, workshops,
events, etc. around smart city tools and
net zero
• Indicators can include the number of
participants to specific workshops, ratio of
private funding in smart city projects, etc.
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 134
#smartcities
Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 3
Pillar 3 measures the performance of smart
cities in fostering 4 key objectives, including
sustainability
Sustainability
Transport: Modal share of non-motorised transports;
average time taken to access key public services
Buildings: ratio of electrification of buildings
Circular economy & waste: % recycled municipal
waste; % materials produced from recycled materials
Biodiversity & land: change in land consumption per
capita
Co-benefits: Exposure to PM2.5 in µg/m³; time lost in
traffic jam; energy bill relative to income
Energy: Energy consumption per capita; GHG
emissions per capita

Twitter: @OECD_local
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local
Website: www.oecd.org/cfe
Blog: oecdcogito.blog
Thank you!
Camille.VIROS@oecd.org
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
John Smiciklas
Chairman of the U4SSC
Group on Digital
Transformation Assessment
of People-Centred Cities
Bruno Lanvin
President
Smart City Observatory
IMD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
John Smiciklas
Chairman of the U4SSC
Group on Digital
Transformation Assessment
of People-Centred Cities
Bruno Lanvin
President
Smart City Observatory
IMD
ITU's KPIs implementation in cities
U4SSC Key Performance Indicators for
Smart Sustainable Cities
Presented by:
John Smiciklas
Co Chair U4SSC Working Group on KPIs for Digital Transformation
Digital Transformation in Cities
The U4SSC Key Performance Indicators for Smart Sustainable Cities have been developed to provide
cities with a consistent and standardised method to collect data and measure performance and progress of:
U4SSC Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
The U4SSC KPI Dimensions
Daegu Mashhad Dubai
Singapore Riyadh Valencia
Santa Fe Bizerte Many more!
Reporting the U4SSC KPIs
U4SSC KPIs in Action
Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
U4SSC KPI Advantages
For more information, please contact:
U4SSC
u4ssc@itu.int
John Smičiklas
john@jd-global.com
U4SSC website:
https://u4ssc.itu.int/
Thank you!
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
John Smiciklas
Chairman of the U4SSC
Group on Digital
Transformation Assessment
of People-Centred Cities
Bruno Lanvin
President
Smart City Observatory
IMD
Dr Bruno LANVIN – President, Smart City Observatory
Smart cities and global challenges
Providing metrics for sustainable urban policies
OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth – 3 July 2023
Smart City Index 2021
149
A few conclusions about the future of cities
• There is more than one way to be smart
• Net-zero is a powerful objective that can help federate energies
• The best way to promote it is to start with citizen’s problems
• Cities can learn from each other’s expériences
• On net zero as in other areas, cities will move faster than nations
Exchanges of experiences amomg cities wil be key
Dr Bruno LANVIN
President Smart City Observatory
Co-founder and Director, Portulans Institute
INSEAD Distinguished Fellow
Thank you for your attention !
Thank you for
your attention !
Contacts
https://www.imd.org/smart-city-
observatory
president@smartcityobservatory.org
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
152
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Jaeyong Lee
Research fellow of the Korea
Research Institute of Human
Settlements
Alexandre Santacreu
Secretary General
European Metropolitan
Transport Authority
Danil Kerimi
Advisor
World Smart Sustainable
Cities Organization (WeGo)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Jaeyong Lee
Research fellow of the Korea
Research Institute of Human
Settlements
Alexandre Santacreu
Secretary General
European Metropolitan
Transport Authority
Danil Kerimi
Advisor
World Smart Sustainable
Cities Organization (WeGo)
High Technology MaSS Pilot Project Case
• During the Period supported by the Central Government, the solution is
successfully operated. But, when the support period ends, the operation of
the solution was also Stopped.
• The Reasons are:
(1) Difficulties in Securing Operational Funding for New Solutions
(2) The burden of organizing a new organization to operate the new
solution
and the resistance from the existing organization
(3) Potential escalation of conflicts resulting from the introduction of new
solutions
• Smart City Index should consider the Operational Capacity of the local
government and the Flexibility to accept new solutions for Scale-Up and
Sustainability
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Jaeyong Lee
Research fellow of the Korea
Research Institute of Human
Settlements
Alexandre Santacreu
Secretary General
European Metropolitan
Transport Authority
Danil Kerimi
Advisor
World Smart Sustainable
Cities Organization (WeGo)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Panel discussion
Jaeyong Lee
Research fellow of the Korea
Research Institute of Human
Settlements
Alexandre Santacreu
Secretary General
European Metropolitan
Transport Authority
Danil Kerimi
Advisor
World Smart Sustainable
Cities Organization (WeGo)
Introduction of
WeGO
World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization
(WeGO)
About WeGO
WeGO’s Network
01
215
Members
160
Local
Governments
37
Corporations
18
Institutions
= + +
Knowledge-sharing
& Networking
Capacity-building Research & Development
Project Implementation
& Matchmaking
Governance Activities
Regional Activities
03
About WeGO
WeGO Activities 2023
05
Beyond E-Government to Sustainable Inclusive Smart City - Responsibility of Smart City Governance
Seoul Smart City Prize
Projects that focus on sustainability with technological novelty or transforming existing
technology that contribute to smart city development.
Projects that are designed to prioritize digital inclusion in smart city development, and aim
to serve all vulnerable members of society.
Individual candidates who have demonstrated exceptional leadership in executing inclusive
smart city initiatives.
Tech-InnovaCity
Human-CentriCity
Leadership
The Seoul Smart City Prize is a newly established international prize to give recognition towards projects
focusing on people-centered digitalization in all cities worldwide.
2023 Theme:
Fostering digital transformation through innovative and inclusive approaches for smart sustainable cities
Thank you!
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Q&A
167
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Discussant
Alessandro Alasia
Chair of OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators (WPTI)
Assistant Director, Centre for Special Business Projects, Statistics
Canada
Session IV. Shaping the way forward for
sustainable smart cities: next steps for the
Programme on Smart Cities and Inclusive
Growth
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Moderation
Soo-Jin Kim
Deputy Head
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Time to hear from you!
171
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Discussant
Alessandro Alasia
Chair of OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators (WPTI)
Assistant Director, Centre for Special Business Projects, Statistics
Canada

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Master PPT for RT Smart Cities 2023_WEB.pptx

  • 1. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? 3 July 2023 | OECD, Paris | Hybrid
  • 2. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Moderation Soo-Jin Kim Deputy Head Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 3. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Opening remarks Nadim Ahmad Deputy Director Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD Seong-ik Oh Director-General for Cadastral Resurvey Planning Office Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Korea Ilhwan An Ambassador of Korea to the OECD
  • 4. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Agenda 4 • Session I (10:00-11:45): How can smart city initiatives boost the net-zero transition? • Family photo & lunch break • Session II (14:00-15:30): Barriers and enabling factors for smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives • Coffee break • Session III (16:00-17:30): How to measure the contribution of smart cities towards net-zero objectives • Session IV (17:30-18:00): Shaping the way forward for sustainable smart cities: next steps for the Programme on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth • Cocktail
  • 5. Session I. How can smart city initiatives boost the net-zero transition?
  • 6. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Moderation Aziza Akhmouch Head Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 7. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Setting the scene Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter Senior Economist and Head of Unit Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 8. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe HOW CAN SMART CITIES BOOST THE NET-ZERO TRANSITION ? Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter, Anaïs Rault Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs , Regions and Cities (CFE), Economic Analysis, data and statistics division Supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Republic of Korea
  • 9. Climate change with current policies would have severe impacts on human wellbeing 9 Source: C40 cities Source: IPCC, 2019, Climate change and land, summary for policy makers Source: Climate Action Tracker
  • 10. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 10 Cities contribute much to direct GHG emissions Source: 2021 OECD Regional Outlook
  • 11. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Cities also need to pay attention to indirect emissions 11 In many cities consumption based emissions are higher than direct and energy- use related emissions Source: C40 Relative differences between consumption- based GHG emissions and direct as well as energy-use related GHG emissions for 79 C40 cities
  • 13. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Spotlight Frankie Downy Technical Lead on Energy and Buildings C40
  • 14. OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth 3rd July Frankie Downy Technical Lead, Energy & Buildings Smart cities and the net zero transition 14 © brizmaker / Getty Images
  • 15. C40 is a network of mayors of nearly 100 world-leading cities collaborating to deliver the urgent action needed right now to confront the climate crisis. Together, we can create a future where everyone, everywhere can thrive. © C40
  • 16. 16 24/7 Carbon Free Energy C40 is supporting 4 cities explore how they can accelerate the delivery of 24/7 Carbon Free Energy projects in cities C40 White paper ● Explores the roles of cities in this transition ● Promotes new thinking about how energy systems are managed ● Explores demand side flexibility and supply side measures needed to deliver 24/7 CFE Proof of concept pilots ● London ● Paris ● Copenhagen Add image credit here
  • 17. London ● Demand side flexibility ● Analysis of which technologies to flex and city-wide potential ● Develop a real world pilot
  • 18. Paris ● Clean energy grid mix ● Electrification of transport analysis ● Implementation roadmap
  • 19. Copenhagen ● Hourly municipal energy procurement ● Technology mix analysis ● Implementation roadmap ● Grid interactive buildings project
  • 21. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Martin Mooij Head of Certification and Project Manager Dutch Green Building Council Marion Lagadic Project Manager Innovation International Transport Forum (ITF) Kazuaki Takahashi Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department City of Yokohama
  • 22. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Martin Mooij Head of Certification and Project Manager Dutch Green Building Council Marion Lagadic Project Manager Innovation International Transport Forum (ITF) Kazuaki Takahashi Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department City of Yokohama
  • 23. OECD Smart Cities Paris Proof route to Net Zero 03 | 07 | 22 Online
  • 24. Independent network organisation in The Netherlands • Founded in 2008, 390 members • Representing the building sector: developers, investors, consultants, end-users etc • BREEAM-NL Scheme Operator Data and alignment of data is key • SMART indicators: ‘you can’t improve what you can’t measure’ • ‘One common language on sustainability’ • Challenge: growing set of ESG indicators • Rating systems, EPBD, CSRD, EU-Taxonomy 2017: Start Paris Proof program: Net Zero built environment Background Dutch Green Building Council
  • 25. 2012 2020 2050 2030 2040 2/3: Efficiency and on-site renewables 1/3: Renewable supply Net Zero Paris Proof definition: 66% energy reduction
  • 26. DGBC: Performance based building codes Benefits for the end-user and investors • Simple monitoring and benchmarking • Freedom to select the most cost effective measures • New smart Machine Learning consultancy services • Brains-for-Buildings project Benefits for the authorities • Local authorities: enforcement based on metered energy • Remote: from smart meter readings • Scalable: no capacity to visit every building • Government: monitoring climate goals of the building sector
  • 27. II Improve efficiency • WEii: Energy Use Intensity indicator • Actual performance • Most buildings do not perform as they should do • Especially the A-labelled buildings • Act on both axis • Label: theoretical performance • WEii: actual performance WEii protocol and Kompas III Improve building I Improve building and efficiency 2030
  • 29. Need for a consistent and open energy data system, from country level to asset level Netherlands Public and commercial buildings Retail Restaurant
  • 30. Hestia model: Open national model for energy transition scenario's Hestia model video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqXu3hzYSTs&ab_channel=Energy-energietransitie • Starting with homes: all-in 3D available in the model based on reference types • Connected to building stock, infrastructures (district heating), energy consumption • Applications • National and regional scenario's (outphasing natural gas infrastructure) • Grid congestion • Local authorities in charge for this process • Impact increasing energy prices (vulnerable households) Heat pump Gas boiler Other
  • 31. DVU: Public data sharing system
  • 32. Example open data system: New York
  • 33. Zuid Hollandlaan 7 2596 AL Den Haag +31 (0)88 55 80 100 info@dgbc.nl Martin Mooij m.mooij@dgbc.nl DGBC.nl
  • 34. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Martin Mooij Head of Certification and Project Manager Dutch Green Building Council Marion Lagadic Project Manager Innovation International Transport Forum (ITF) Kazuaki Takahashi Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department City of Yokohama
  • 35. How can smart city initiatives help cities reach net-zero objectives and become climate neutral? OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship Roundtable 3 July 2023 Marion Lagadic, Project Manager Innovation at the ITF Research Centre
  • 36. • Transport sector: 23% of global energy-related CO2 emissions • Urban transport accounts for more than 40% of the sector’s total emissions. Smart cities, smart mobility: What are the expectations? 36 New mobility solutions Seamless mobility Efficiency gains e.g. Dockless e-scooters are expected to induce shift and intermodality • Mode shift from private cars around 8%/10% (Europe) to 15% (US) or 24% (NZ) – low mode share overall • Intermodality with PT: 15% (Paris) to 57% (Oslo) e.g. MaaS should offer seamless travel to encourage mode shift • Small-scale experiments suggest MaaS increases PT use • MaaS is less attractive to car-users e.g. data-based PT and traffic management solutions • Improvements in travel time, limitations in congestion • Safety improvements • Example: TOPIS in Seoul Sources: ITF (2021) ; ITF (2021) ; OECD (2020) ; IEA (2021)
  • 37. • Reinventing mobility governance: new stakeholders, new temporalities, new skills • Striking the right balance: with too stringent or misguided regulation, the market will not develop; without regulation, risk of unfair competition • Need for capacity-building to support, develop and regulate data- enabled solutions The true challenge: reaping these benefits 37 Dockless shared e-scooters • No infrastructure: new regulation needed to avoid clutter and ease intermodality • Fleet caps, license caps: striking the right balance implies knowing the market MaaS • Risk of unfair competition and market lock- in without the right data infrastructure • Public sector-led MaaS: the challenge of keeping up with innovation
  • 38. Built environment Highly regulated Data as foundational infrastructure 38 Transport network infrastructure Highly regulated Mobility data infrastructure Hardly regulated Infrastructure- based services Highly regulated • Data, while immaterial, shapes real-world outcomes. • Some governments have acknowledged the infrastructure-like nature of mobility data (e.g. MODI in Switzerland) • Three pillars for cities to consider: data sharing, data reporting, and machine- readable regulation Source: ITF (2023) Mix and MaaS: Data Architecture for Mobility as a Service
  • 39. Smarter monitoring to serve policymaking 39
  • 40. 1. For smart solutions to contribute to an inclusive transition to sustainable mobility, cities should treat data as a foundational infrastructure. 2. Need for a cross-sectoral vision for data governance: the transport sector seeks to address similar issues as those faced by the energy, health, finance sectors Conclusion 40
  • 41. Thank you Marion LAGADIC T +33 (0)1 73 31 25 22 E marion.lagadic@itf-oecd.org Postal address 2 rue André Pascal F-75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • 42. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Martin Mooij Head of Certification and Project Manager Dutch Green Building Council Marion Lagadic Project Manager Innovation International Transport Forum (ITF) Kazuaki Takahashi Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department City of Yokohama
  • 43. Yokohama City’s actions to tackle with climate change TAKAHASHI Kazuaki (Ph.D, he/him) Executive Director for Planning and Coordination Department Climate Change Policy Headquarters, City of Yokohama, JAPAN 43
  • 44. Yokohama City’s Basic information ・Population 3.77 million ・Households 1.78 million ・No. establishments 120 thousand 2159 2040 1934 1889 1864 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 GHG emissions are declining City of Yokohama, Japan
  • 45. Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP)  Performance/Target FY 2010~2014 HEMS(4,200site/4,000site), PV(37MW/27MW), EV(2,300/2,000) CO2 Reductions(39kton/30kton), CO2 Reduction Ratio(29%/25% ) Demonstration Project of Development/Introduction of a Regional Energy Management System in large-scale existing urban area 45 CEMS EV BEMS Battery SCADA Smart BEMS(Toshiba、 Taisei construction) Smart BEMS (JGC) Smart BEMS (Meidensya、NEC) HEMS (Panasonic) HEMS (Mitsui Fudosan Residential 、 Toshiba) Complex HEMS (JXTG、Mitsui Fudosan Residential ,Toshiba) Complex HEMS (Tokyo gas、 NTT-F、NTT docomo) CEMS (Toshiba、Accenture) FEMS FEMS(Meidehsha、 Sumitomo Electric Industries ) Battery SCADA (Toshiba、TEPCO) Supply and demand adjustment Battery (Toshiba、Hitach、Meidensya、NEC) Storage battery(Demand side)(Sony energy device、 Sharp) BEMS in office building (Toshiba、Marubeni、Mitsubishi Estate、Mitsui Estate) Integrated BEMS (Toshiba) Charging and Discharging EV(NISSAN、HITACHI、 Oria) Complex HEMS (Daikyo astage) HEMS Car wings data center (NISSAN) Charging Station(JXTG energy、Tokyo institute of Technology) Data Collection and delivery system (Hitachi、Toshiba) Smart BEMS(SHIMZ construction)
  • 46. Energy consumption in Yokohama City House Business Industry Transport Energy Conversion -20% Comp. with 2013 -7.9% Comp. with 2019
  • 47. “Attractive” Lifestyle under Carbon-Neutral Society Carbon- Neutral Lifestyle Action Economical and Social System Construction ex. sound material-cycle society Fashion Food House Movement Consumer Goods Leisure Energy Innovation of Business/Local Model related to Sustainable and Pioneer Lifestyle Spread of “Attractive” Lifestyle under Carbon-Neutral Society Contributing to Greenhouse gas emission reduction Idea Generation Demonstration experiment Aim to integrate Carbon-Neutral Society, Sound Material-Cycle Society, Society in harmony with Nature And Sustainable Development
  • 48. “Attractive” Lifestyle under Carbon-Neutral Society Society sustained through mutual assistance Local Production and Consumption Sharing economy Renewable energy IoT/AI IoT/AI Convenient Healthy Resilient
  • 49. Hope to work together to make Carbon Neutrality true! http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/ondan/ 49
  • 50. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 50
  • 51. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Joosep Vimm Deputy Mayor City of Tallinn Foucauld Laurent EMEA Business Development Manager for Local Governments Amazon Web Services (AWS) Seunghyun Jung Development Project Manager of the Carbon Emission Map of Korea Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology
  • 52. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Joosep Vimm Deputy Mayor City of Tallinn Foucauld Laurent EMEA Business Development Manager for Local Governments Amazon Web Services (AWS) Seunghyun Jung Development Project Manager of the Carbon Emission Map of Korea Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology
  • 53. How can smart city initiatives boost the net-zero transition? Tallinn’s smart circular economy and waste management model Joosep Vimm Deputy mayor of Tallinn City
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56.
  • 57. Curious about the future?
  • 58. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Joosep Vimm Deputy Mayor City of Tallinn Foucauld Laurent EMEA Business Development Manager for Local Governments Amazon Web Services (AWS) Seunghyun Jung Development Project Manager of the Carbon Emission Map of Korea Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology
  • 59. © 2021, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Amazon Confidential and Trademark.
  • 60. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 200+ fully featured services to build any type of solution
  • 61. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Citizen services Digital administrative services, citizen engagement platforms, city call center/chatbot, queue management, etc Smart transport Connected public transport, public fleet management, optimizing traffic flow, anomaly detections Building management Automation and optimization of services such as heating, energy, usage, lighting and ventilation Environmental Management Controlling CO, emissions of factories and monitoring car pollution Smart energy Automated Meter Reading, Smart grid with Condition monitoring and predictive maintenance, Virtual Power Plants Public Safety and Smart Lightning Connected/smart lamp posts with intelligent video surveillance and crowd management Smart water Water network asset management, AMR/MDM, water quality and level monitoring, leak detection/NRW, utility digital twins Waste Management Waste bin/fleet management, optimizing collection route, camera for road asset management Urban connectivity and data platforms 5G/Wifi/Lorawan, cross-sectoral data platforms, open data platforms, smart spaces
  • 62. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. URBAN DEVELOPMENT Read the case study 62 Intelligent Waste Management City of Harrisonburg, United States AWS helped the City of Harrisonburg, Virginia, implement a smart waste and recycling software solution that aims at improving solid waste services efficiency and reduce emissions and costs.  Carbon Emissions Reduction: 230,000 pounds of CO2 emissions avoided  Operational efficiency: 61 min saved per collection  Cost savings: $194,000 annual savings
  • 63. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. DA TAFR OM S PA C E (R E MOT ES E NS ING ) A R T IFIC IA L INT EL LIG ENC E G EOS PA T IA L A NA LY S IS Satellite Imaging Artificial Intelligence Geospatial Analysis Sustainable Urban Planning City of Torino, Italy
  • 64. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Sustainable Urban Planning City of Torino, Italy  Mitigate and prevent Urban Heat Islands  Expand carbon storage capacity  Improve air quality  Implement 3 – 30 – 300 rule
  • 65. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. City-Scale 3D Digital Twin City of Toronto, Canada
  • 66. © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. All rights reserved. In Europe,AWS Cloud infrastructures are 5x more energy efficient And can perform the same task with 88% lower carbon footprint than on-premise data centers 451 Research
  • 67. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Joosep Vimm Deputy Mayor City of Tallinn Foucauld Laurent EMEA Business Development Manager for Local Governments Amazon Web Services (AWS) Seunghyun Jung Development Project Manager of the Carbon Emission Map of Korea Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology
  • 68. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition?
  • 69. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City Carbon Spatial Map &
  • 70. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
  • 71. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City Carbon Spatial Map Carbon Emission Activities Carbon Sink Ability
  • 72. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City Building Carbon Emission (Electricity) Transportation Carbon Emission Forest Absorption
  • 73. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
  • 74. 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth - How can smart cities boost the net-zero transition? Carbon Spatial Map & Smart City
  • 75. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 75
  • 76. Session II. Barriers and enabling factors for smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives
  • 77. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Moderation Rene Peter Hohmann Senior Economist and Head of Unit Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 78. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Setting the scene Hyunjoon Cho Senior Policy Analyst Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 79. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe HOW CAN SMART CITIES BOOST THE NET-ZERO TRANSITION? Barriers and enabling factors for smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives Economic analysis, Data and Statistics Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE) Hyunjoon Cho, Senior Policy Analyst
  • 80. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Barriers to scaling up smart city solutions
  • 81. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Risks and challenges of smart city toolsartnership Data Security & Privacy Concerns Risk of system disruptions Widening of inequalities Environmental impacts  Who accesses, owns the data? How long and for what purposes?  Concerns of surveillance  Cyber attack (e.g., shutdown of electricity, water)  System failure risk  Digital divide  People unable to access Smart City services  Unintended labelling (e.g., public school rating map)  Digital industry: 3.7% of total GHG emissions  Rebound effects: Paradox of efficiency improvement
  • 82. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Enabling factors Comprehensive Smart City Strategy Cooperation with a wide range of stakeholders Secured Financial means Strengthened capacity in subnational government Enhanced data governance Collaboration with national government Innovation and entrepreneurship Smart Cities
  • 83.  Twitter: @OECD_local LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local Website: www.oecd.org/cfe Blog: oecdcogito.blog Thank you! Hyunjoon.CHO@oecd.org
  • 84. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Curt Garrigan Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division US ESCAP Philippe Froissard Head of Unit, Future Urban and Mobility Systems DG Research and Innovation, European Commission Peter Sailer Project Director, International Smart Cities Network Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • 85. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Curt Garrigan Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division US ESCAP Philippe Froissard Head of Unit, Future Urban and Mobility Systems DG Research and Innovation, European Commission Peter Sailer Project Director, International Smart Cities Network Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • 86. Session II: Enabling factors for smart cities to meet their net-zero objectives Curt Garrigan Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division 3rd OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
  • 87. Challenges to Building Smart Cities in Asia-Pacific A digital divide persists through uneven access and varying levels of digital literacy Viable finance for smart city solutions remains a challenge Governance systems that are not sufficiently integrated (vertically / horizontally) to take full advantage of smart city solutions Lack of public trust in data protection Lack of robust systems to protect from cyber security threats Lack of interoperability leads to fragmented service delivery at local levels and a lack of communication Infrastructure development requires substantial investments ECAP is implementing the Smart Cities Innovation Lab (SCIL) project focusing on enhancing the innovation ecosystem, as well as working with other member states to develop national smart city policy recommendations
  • 88. ICT Readiness Level of ASEAN Countries Networked Readiness Index: measures the degree of readiness of countries to exploit opportunities offered by ICT Affordability Drivers Index: measures the degree of internet infrastructure and current broadband adoption rates (accessibility), as well as the policy frameworks in place Inclusive Internet Index: assesses accessibility, affordability, relevance, and readiness of digital inclusion Global Connectivity Index: ranks nations according to ICT investment, ICT maturity, and digital economic performance Indices ASEAN Country Performance on ICT Readiness
  • 89. Regional Priorities Decarbonizing energy systems, energy efficiency of building stock & construction practices, compact cities & circular urban economy Accelerating energy transition & decarbonization of transportation systems & incorporation of electric mobility & smart solutions Localizing SDGs – setting sustainable energy vision & targets, making cleaning energy more affordable, using smart solutions & accelerating climate finance in cities • National Government: Develop a comprehensive national smart city strategy (promote vertical & horizontal integration) & link smart city initiatives to support efficient urban service delivery & improved quality of life • Local Government: Support identification of smart city priorities & the design & implementation of smart city projects • Private Sector: Link startups & technology companies to cities to provide innovative solutions and infrastructure for smart city priorities. • UN & Development Agencies: Support the development of regional guidelines, a community of practice to promote knowledge-sharing & collaboration (best practices) • Academia & Civil Society: Contribute to research & Involve citizens and local communities in the planning and implementation of smart city initiatives
  • 90. Policy Recommendations 1. Improve smart city governance across urban systems, institutions, and actors to overcome inequalities and make more informed and integrated planning decisions 2. Support upgrading of existing infrastructure & building new infrastructure to support smart city initiatives 3. Encourage start-ups and technology firms to become more civic-minded and create sustainable smart city solutions with social enterprises 4. Adopt cybersecurity safeguards in both digital and physical urban infrastructure development planning 5. Develop smart mobility investment plans that prioritize sustainable urban mobility options for citizens 6. Expand viable smart city funding mechanisms by enabling cross-sector partnerships and business matching platforms 7. Develop climate-smart action plans that integrate inclusive digitalization into mitigation and adaptation measures, including providing enabling national environment for smart action plans to be implemented Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • 91. Urban-Act Integrated Urban Climate Action for Low- Carbon & Resilient Cities IKI Funding Priority: Transformation towards low-carbon & resilient urban development through enhanced vertically integrated climate sensitive urban planning contributing to NDC implementation Countries: China | India | Indonesia | Philippines | Thailand Timeframe: 4.5 years | ca. Q4/2022 – Q3/2026 Volume: EUR 22.625 M Implementation Partners International: GIZ, UNESCAP, UCLG ASPAC, University of Stuttgart, TU Dortmund University National: up to 2 Partners per country Project relations
  • 92. THANK YOU Follow us: www.unescap.org unitednationsescap united-nations-escap unescap unescap unescap For more information, please visit the Environment and Development Division webpage https://www.unescap.org/our- work/environment-development and contact us as: ESCAP-EDD-EDPS@un.org
  • 93. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Curt Garrigan Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division US ESCAP Philippe Froissard Head of Unit, Future Urban and Mobility Systems DG Research and Innovation, European Commission Peter Sailer Project Director, International Smart Cities Network Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • 94.
  • 95. 95 SELECTED CITIES (MISSION CITIES) • 100 EU cities selected from all Member States and of different types (size, current emissions, level of preparedness), representing 12% of the EU population. • +12 cities from associated countries. EU27 Associated countries
  • 96. 96 Mission label Mission platform • Run by the NetZeroCities consortium • Tailor-made technical, regulatory and financial advice • R&I demonstrators • Twinning and mutual learning Climate City Contracts • Including climate action plan and investment strategy • Innovative city governance and citizen engagement • Involvement of European, national and regional level • Synergies with other programmes • Help with access to funding and financing MAIN ELEMENTS OF THE MISSION Horizon Europe Portfolio of R&I projects
  • 97. 97 The CCCs • 12 Climate City Contracts are already under review by the Commission. • Finalization of the review by the end of summer 40 to 50 CCCs expected by the end year • National networks: - Greece: Green Fund (EUR 10 million) for the six Mission cities, plus EUR 500 000 for CCC preparation - Spain: National Mission platform (seed fund EUR 800 000), co-governance in European funds • EU pledged to have all cities to be climate neutral by 2050. Building Capacity for Net-Zero and smart Transition • Develop technical and financial capacity for successful implementation of smart city initiatives is a key aspect retained by our EoI. • Horizon Europe and the cities mission are key to capacity building in the EU
  • 98. 98 A just transition • Policy guidance and funding schemes at all levels prioritize a just transition principle. • Climate and smart transition impact various aspects of life, including food, transportation, governance, work, and the economy and we want to make sure no one is left behind. • Cities Mission Assistance: Cities Mission provides tools for citizen engagement and connects cities for successful engagement activities. Synergies with other EU programmes • Smart aspect: Digital Europe Programme, Living-in.EU, Smart Cities Marketplace • Sectoral EU programmes, e.g. Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) • Horizon Europe Partnerships: e.g. Joint activity planned with Partnerships on zero-emission mobility (2Zero) and connected and automated driving (CCAM) • New European Bauhaus: CrAFT project • Covenant of Mayors, Climate Pact
  • 99. Thank you Philippe Froissard – Head of Unit DG. RTD Philippe.Froissard@ec.europa.eu © European Union 2023 Unless otherwise noted the reuse of this presentation is authorised under the CC BY 4.0 license. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the EU, permission may need to be sought directly from the respective right holders.
  • 100. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Curt Garrigan Chief, Sustainable Urban Development Section, Environment and Development Division US ESCAP Philippe Froissard Head of Unit, Future Urban and Mobility Systems DG Research and Innovation, European Commission Peter Sailer Project Director, International Smart Cities Network Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • 101. Urban Digitalisation & Smart City Development in Germany – challenges and actions Peter Sailer Project Director, International Smart Cities Network Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • 102. NATIONAL SMART CITY DIALOGUE Dialogue platform Smart Cities Creation of a common understanding of goals, values, guidelines and recommendations FEDERAL FUNDING PROGRAMME SMART CITY Model Projects Smart City Funding programme for currently 73 projects with a volume of 820 Mn EUR Coordination and Transfer Consortium MPSC (KTS) 10+ organisations managing knowledge diffusion and replication efforts INTERNATIONAL KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER International Smart Cities Network International practical exchange, knowledge transfer and learning processes on Smart Cities Germany‘s current federal programmes EUROPEAN NETWORKING & #connectedinEurope Information & capacity building opportunities for German & European municipalities to improve European networking Knowledge transfer on Smart City EU topics
  • 103. Model Projects Smart Cities (MPSC) Variety of approaches and projects: • Digital Twins • Urban Data Platforms • DataHubs • Hybrid vegetable markets • Municipal co-working spaces • Media pedagogy for youth • Smart library – Reading 4.0 • Smart Sensors (wellbeing, energy efficiency, climate adaptation) • Participatory urban planning • LoRaWAN workshop • Data Warehouse • Public transport On Demand • Urban Farming • Citizen terminal • Telemedicine …and many more…
  • 104. MPSC: Zoom-in • Model region of five mid size and small size towns • Joint strategic development framework is base for individual smart city strategies • five municipal processes with local characteristics and different priorities → five learning successes of their own • Südwestfalen Agentur is central network node in the project consortium → joint communication and transfer of knowledge in the region • network benefits from the experience and knowledge of the five pioneers • joint processes, new synergies, and close interlinking with "smart" projects of the REGIONALE 2025 expo • entire region benefits from exemplary approaches and clever Model Project Smart City: 5 für Südwestfalen https://www.naturschaetze-suedwestfalens.de/Die-Region-Suedwestfalen https://www.smart-city-dialog.de/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Region- Suedwestfalen-karte.png
  • 105. Digital Twin for Stuttgart Metro Region Mapping → Overview of current and planned land-use features Data → Socio-economic data (e.g., demography; economy) Models → mobility; climate features (dynamic) Analysis → Interrelations/cross-cutting comparison Foresight → Scenarios for different development strategies  Based on GIS database of the Verband Region Stuttgart (implantation of third-party data – e.g. federal state, local authorities)  Integration of mobility model  Integration of data from spatial observation  Reports and analysis on economic development from the regional economic development agency  Graphics/didactic input from outreach activities  Close cooperation with the University of Stuttgart Source: Verband Region Stuttgart area size 10 % population 25 % economic strength 30 % Region Stuttgart Baden- Württemberg
  • 106. Thank you! Contact: Peter Sailer, Project Director ISCN Peter.Sailer@giz.de Website: https://www.smart-city-dialog.de/en/
  • 107. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 107
  • 108. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General European Digital SME Alliance Vida Rozite Policy Researcher and Advisor International Energy Agency (IEA) Willington Feitosa Smart Cities Coordinator Rio de Janeiro Hongseok Lee Team Leader Eco-friendly buildings Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 109. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General European Digital SME Alliance Vida Rozite Policy Researcher and Advisor International Energy Agency (IEA) Willington Feitosa Smart Cities Coordinator Rio de Janeiro Hongseok Lee Team Leader Eco-friendly buildings Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 110. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General European Digital SME Alliance Vida Rozite Policy Researcher and Advisor International Energy Agency (IEA) Willington Feitosa Smart Cities Coordinator Rio de Janeiro Hongseok Lee Team Leader Eco-friendly buildings Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 111. Empowering Cities toward Net Zero Emissions: Resilient, smart and sustainable cities towards a sustainable energy future 3 JULY 2023 Name of the presenter
  • 112. IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 112 Cities have a critical role to play towards clean energy
  • 113. IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 113 Digitalisation opens opportunities for system-wide and cross-sectoral efficiency Digital tools offer integrated solutions to accelerate net-zero transitions across sectors and systems Big data Artificial Automation intelligence Smart Internet of Advanced meters things simulations GIS Digital twins Buildings Energy management systems, peer- to-peer trading City planning Circularity across sectors, urban and resilience planning Energy systems Distribution automation, clean energy deployment plans Transport systems Intelligent transport systems, integrated multimodal information Cross-sectoral Vehicle to grid integration, demand response, sustainable urban form, utilisation of waste heat and cooling
  • 114. IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 114 Singapore’s one-of-a-kind digital twin “Virtual Singapore” • Urban and spatial energy planning based on digital tools can identify the benefits and impacts of measures and policies before implementation and during • Virtual Singapore integrates GIS data with buildings information, modelling data to replicate the city’s infrastructure, transport systems and buildings. • In addition to providing static information like any other map, Virtual Singapore is updated with dynamic real-time data, e.g. on traffic and weather. • The digital twin supports decision-making: - Where rooftop has most potential - Mapping of optimal evacuation routes - Where energy efficiency interventions have most value - Where to set up mixed-use zones to flatten demand curves - How to optimise traffic flows https://www.nrf.gov.sg/programmes/virtual-singapore
  • 115. IEA 2023. All rights reserved. Page 115 Challenges and possible actions Digitalisation risks Insufficient co- ordination Lack of capacity Access to finance Data challenges Data-sharing platforms Harmonisation standards Data protection frameworks, transparent communication Develop communities of practice Create knowledge- sharing platforms Create cross- cutting networks Create special- purpose vehicles Create initiatives to attract capacity and skills Develop opportunities for knowledge exchange Develop training and upskilling programmes Stimulate public-private partnerships Support the creation of new instruments e.g. green bonds Redirect funding and develop dedicated financing vehicles Introduce training to develop bankable projects Support the creation of revenue-generating business models Develop cyber security frameworks and guidelines Create options for circularity Build capacity and create inclusive policies and projects
  • 116. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General European Digital SME Alliance Vida Rozite Policy Researcher and Advisor International Energy Agency (IEA) Willington Feitosa Smart Cities Coordinator Rio de Janeiro Hongseok Lee Team Leader Eco-friendly buildings Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 117. +55 21 98181 9595 willingtonfeitosa@gmail.com Willington Feitosa Smart City Coordinator City of Rio
  • 118. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General European Digital SME Alliance Vida Rozite Policy Researcher and Advisor International Energy Agency (IEA) Willington Feitosa Smart Cities Coordinator Rio de Janeiro Hongseok Lee Team Leader Eco-friendly buildings Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 119. Building GHG Emission Cap Regulation in Seoul 3 July 2023 / Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 120. 건물온실가스 총량제 Emission trends in Seoul ● ● ● ● ● ● - 20,000 40,000 60,000 2005년 2010년 2015년 2016년 2017년 2018년 2019년 (‘000 CO2 eq.) 63% 70% 67% 67% 68% 69% 69% 49,445 49,496 45,646 46,986 46,685 47,073 45,960 1. Why is the Cap Regulation Necessary? ● ● ● ● ● ● Total emissions Building emissions
  • 121. 건물온실가스 총량제 Note: Registered buildings as of July 2020 2. GHG Emission Monitoring System for Buildings Building register (628,474 units) Energy usage (Korea Real Estate Board) Electricity usage Gas usage Regional heat usage Korea Electric Power Corporation Five gas providers Four energy providers Basic material for data analysis (560,984 units) Data matching Unmatched data (67,490 units) → Due to mismatches between registration and data inclusion Finalized DB (555,634 units) Data verification (5,350 units) * Energy use in buildings only * Excl. buildings with no energy use for 2017-2019 88.4% of total buildings registered Phase 1: Data production Phase 2: Database set-up
  • 122. 건물온실가스 총량제 3. Striving to Introduce the Cap Regulation Unit Total Larger than 3,000㎡ Larger than 5,000㎡ Larger than 10,000㎡ Buildings No. of unit (%) 147,055 (100) 12,701 (8.6) 8,211 (5.6) 3,998 (2.7) Total floor area ‘000 ㎡ (%) 236,178 (100) 156,871 (66.4) 139,398 (59) 109,104 (46.2) GHG ‘000 tCO₂eq (%) 15,323 (100) 8,462 (55.2) 7,406 (48.3) 5,798 (37.8) Energy ‘000 TOE 7,432 (100) 4,115 (55.4) 3,596 (48.4) 2,804 (37.7) 2050 energy consumption target (TOE/㎡) 2025 energy reduction target
  • 123. 건물온실가스 총량제 4. What are the Barriers/Challenges?
  • 125. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 125
  • 126. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Discussant Elisa Vilares Chair of OECD Working Party on Urban Policy (WPURB) Head of Division of Territorial Development and Urban Policy DG Território, Portugal
  • 127. Session III. How to measure the contribution of smart cities towards net-zero objectives?
  • 128. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Moderation Rudiger Ahrend Head Economic Analysis, Data and Statistics Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 129. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Setting the scene Camille Viros Economist/Policy Analyst Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 130. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe Camille VIROS, Economist/Policy Analyst OECD Centre of Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities Paris, 3 July 2023 STRENGTHENING THE NET-ZERO OBJECTIVE IN THE OECD SMART CITY MEASUREMENT FRAMEWORK
  • 131. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 131 #smartcities The OECD Smart City Measurement Framework • Measuring smart city performance helps track progress towards net-zero objectives and adjust policies for greater efficiency • The OECD Smart City Measurement Framework: • 3 pillars • Comprehensive, multi- dimensional, flexible • Guiding tool for governments
  • 132. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 132 #smartcities Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 1 Pillar 1 measures the degree of digitalisation in 8 dimensions of urban life The net-zero objective can be strengthened especially in three dimensions: Mobility number of users of smart ride sharing per 100 000; % smart traffic lights; % public transport equipped with real-time info Housing % buildings equipped with BEMS; % households with smart electricity meters; % households equipped with sensors Energy, waste and water % smart streetlights; % buildings linked to smart grid
  • 133. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 133 #smartcities Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 2 • Pillar 2 measures the level of stakeholder engagement as an input to the process of shaping smart cities • The net-zero consideration can be strengthened throughout all steps taken in engaging stakeholders • Communication campaigns, workshops, events, etc. around smart city tools and net zero • Indicators can include the number of participants to specific workshops, ratio of private funding in smart city projects, etc.
  • 134. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 134 #smartcities Strengthening the net-zero objective in Pillar 3 Pillar 3 measures the performance of smart cities in fostering 4 key objectives, including sustainability Sustainability Transport: Modal share of non-motorised transports; average time taken to access key public services Buildings: ratio of electrification of buildings Circular economy & waste: % recycled municipal waste; % materials produced from recycled materials Biodiversity & land: change in land consumption per capita Co-benefits: Exposure to PM2.5 in µg/m³; time lost in traffic jam; energy bill relative to income Energy: Energy consumption per capita; GHG emissions per capita
  • 135.  Twitter: @OECD_local LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local Website: www.oecd.org/cfe Blog: oecdcogito.blog Thank you! Camille.VIROS@oecd.org
  • 136. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion John Smiciklas Chairman of the U4SSC Group on Digital Transformation Assessment of People-Centred Cities Bruno Lanvin President Smart City Observatory IMD
  • 137. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion John Smiciklas Chairman of the U4SSC Group on Digital Transformation Assessment of People-Centred Cities Bruno Lanvin President Smart City Observatory IMD
  • 138. ITU's KPIs implementation in cities U4SSC Key Performance Indicators for Smart Sustainable Cities Presented by: John Smiciklas Co Chair U4SSC Working Group on KPIs for Digital Transformation
  • 139. Digital Transformation in Cities The U4SSC Key Performance Indicators for Smart Sustainable Cities have been developed to provide cities with a consistent and standardised method to collect data and measure performance and progress of:
  • 140. U4SSC Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
  • 141. The U4SSC KPI Dimensions Daegu Mashhad Dubai Singapore Riyadh Valencia Santa Fe Bizerte Many more!
  • 143. U4SSC KPIs in Action Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
  • 145. For more information, please contact: U4SSC u4ssc@itu.int John Smičiklas john@jd-global.com U4SSC website: https://u4ssc.itu.int/ Thank you!
  • 146. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion John Smiciklas Chairman of the U4SSC Group on Digital Transformation Assessment of People-Centred Cities Bruno Lanvin President Smart City Observatory IMD
  • 147. Dr Bruno LANVIN – President, Smart City Observatory Smart cities and global challenges Providing metrics for sustainable urban policies OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth – 3 July 2023
  • 149. 149
  • 150. A few conclusions about the future of cities • There is more than one way to be smart • Net-zero is a powerful objective that can help federate energies • The best way to promote it is to start with citizen’s problems • Cities can learn from each other’s expériences • On net zero as in other areas, cities will move faster than nations Exchanges of experiences amomg cities wil be key
  • 151. Dr Bruno LANVIN President Smart City Observatory Co-founder and Director, Portulans Institute INSEAD Distinguished Fellow Thank you for your attention ! Thank you for your attention ! Contacts https://www.imd.org/smart-city- observatory president@smartcityobservatory.org
  • 152. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 152
  • 153. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Jaeyong Lee Research fellow of the Korea Research Institute of Human Settlements Alexandre Santacreu Secretary General European Metropolitan Transport Authority Danil Kerimi Advisor World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization (WeGo)
  • 154. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Jaeyong Lee Research fellow of the Korea Research Institute of Human Settlements Alexandre Santacreu Secretary General European Metropolitan Transport Authority Danil Kerimi Advisor World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization (WeGo)
  • 155.
  • 156.
  • 157. High Technology MaSS Pilot Project Case
  • 158. • During the Period supported by the Central Government, the solution is successfully operated. But, when the support period ends, the operation of the solution was also Stopped. • The Reasons are: (1) Difficulties in Securing Operational Funding for New Solutions (2) The burden of organizing a new organization to operate the new solution and the resistance from the existing organization (3) Potential escalation of conflicts resulting from the introduction of new solutions • Smart City Index should consider the Operational Capacity of the local government and the Flexibility to accept new solutions for Scale-Up and Sustainability
  • 159.
  • 160. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Jaeyong Lee Research fellow of the Korea Research Institute of Human Settlements Alexandre Santacreu Secretary General European Metropolitan Transport Authority Danil Kerimi Advisor World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization (WeGo)
  • 161. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Panel discussion Jaeyong Lee Research fellow of the Korea Research Institute of Human Settlements Alexandre Santacreu Secretary General European Metropolitan Transport Authority Danil Kerimi Advisor World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization (WeGo)
  • 162. Introduction of WeGO World Smart Sustainable Cities Organization (WeGO)
  • 164. Knowledge-sharing & Networking Capacity-building Research & Development Project Implementation & Matchmaking Governance Activities Regional Activities 03 About WeGO WeGO Activities 2023
  • 165. 05 Beyond E-Government to Sustainable Inclusive Smart City - Responsibility of Smart City Governance Seoul Smart City Prize Projects that focus on sustainability with technological novelty or transforming existing technology that contribute to smart city development. Projects that are designed to prioritize digital inclusion in smart city development, and aim to serve all vulnerable members of society. Individual candidates who have demonstrated exceptional leadership in executing inclusive smart city initiatives. Tech-InnovaCity Human-CentriCity Leadership The Seoul Smart City Prize is a newly established international prize to give recognition towards projects focusing on people-centered digitalization in all cities worldwide. 2023 Theme: Fostering digital transformation through innovative and inclusive approaches for smart sustainable cities
  • 167. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Q&A 167
  • 168. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Discussant Alessandro Alasia Chair of OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators (WPTI) Assistant Director, Centre for Special Business Projects, Statistics Canada
  • 169. Session IV. Shaping the way forward for sustainable smart cities: next steps for the Programme on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
  • 170. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Moderation Soo-Jin Kim Deputy Head Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD
  • 171. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Time to hear from you! 171
  • 172. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Discussant Alessandro Alasia Chair of OECD Working Party on Territorial Indicators (WPTI) Assistant Director, Centre for Special Business Projects, Statistics Canada