Human TraffickingBy Adam Kotula, Andrew Hansen, Sam Davey, Eric Liese, Kyle Healey, Nick Fisher
Depiction of Human Trafficking http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwAhti93QYU
History of Slavery Exodus: Moses frees the Israelites from hundreds of years of slavery under the rule of the Egyptian Pharaoh 1619: The colony of Jamestown is first introduced to slavery American Civil War: Fought to free the southern African Americans from slavery Emancipation Proclamation
Background Information Definition: Human trafficking is a form of modern day slavery where people make profit from the control and exploitation of others As defined under U.S. federal law, victims of human trafficking include children involved in the sex trade, adults age 18 or over who are coerced or deceived into commercial sex acts, and anyone forced into different forms of "labor or services," such as domestic workers held in a home, or farm-workers forced to labor against their will.
Polaris Project Mission: Polaris Project is committed to combating human trafficking and modern-day slavery, and to strengthening the anti-trafficking movement through a comprehensive approach.
Polaris Project Timeline of Success 2002-Katherine Chon and Derek Ellerman co-found Polaris Project on February 14th, and launch one of the nation’s first grassroots initiatives against human trafficking. 2004- Polaris Project opens its Tokyo office, supported through a grant from the U.S. Department of State, to address human trafficking and the commercial sexual exploitation of children in Japan. 2006-Polaris Project opens one of the only transitional housing programs for trafficking survivors in the U.S, providing a safe space for survivors to heal and rebuild their lives. 2009- Polaris Project helps to secure a 25% increase in Department of Justice funding for services for human trafficking survivors. 2011- After Polaris Project forwards tips from the human trafficking hotline to the appropriate authorities, law enforcement opens at least 123 new investigations.
Victims Victims can be men or women, children or adults, and of all ages More vulnerable people: undocumented migrants; runaway and homeless youth; and oppressed, marginalized, and/or impoverished groups and individuals. Human traffickers typically prey on individuals who are vulnerable in some way. Some examples of high risk populations include undocumented migrants, runaways and at-risk youth, and oppressed or marginalized groups http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pr4xnWa1R2M&feature=pl ayer_embedded#
Living Conditions: The Individual• Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes• Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts• Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp / manager• Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips• Works excessively long and/or unusual hours• Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work• Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off• Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work• High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)
Where is Sex Trafficking most Common? Residential Brothels Strip Clubs Escort Services Hostess Clubs Run down parts of town (Red Lights Districts)
Types of Human Trafficking Pimping Pimps sell women and girls in the commercial sex industry by using numerous methods to gain control over their bodies and minds. They use force, fraud, or coercion to control the behavior of their victims Drugs are also used as a manipulative method to exert control
Pimping17 year old girllured into Pimping inpimping San Diegobecause sheneeds themoney
Types of Human Trafficking Continued Labor Traffickers often threaten foreign national workers with arrest and deportation, even workers who have the legal right to work in the United States. Usually no or little pay Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 “The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.”
Labor TraffickingLabor Trafficking affectsPeople of all ages This graph shows the Concentration of human Trafficking around the world
Types of Human Trafficking Continued Organ Trafficking Organ trade is the trade involving inner organs (heart, liver, kidneys etc.) of a human for transplantation. A kidney from a living donor will keep you alive twice as long as one taken from a cadaver Organization estimates that one fifth of the 70,000 kidneys transplanted worldwide every year come from the black market. Poverty is seen in all countries with a large black market for organs The Human Tissue Act 2004 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which consolidated the authority to regulate the removal, storage, and use and disposal of human bodies, organs and tissue 2007 was first conviction
Organ TraffickingIndian Organ Trafficking victims Israeli Organ Trafficking
Trafficking in the US The internet has become the new marketplace for trafficking children The UN reports that the US is one of the top three destination countries to which people are trafficked As many as 100,000 children are forcefully engaged in prostitution or pornography each year Victims have been found in rural as well as urban areas across the US US State Department estimates that around 17,500 men, women, and children are trafficked into the US annually The actual number of people currently in trafficking situations in the US is much larger, possibly in the hundreds of thousands
International Trafficking 42.5 Billion Dollar industry Estimated 161 Countries Worldwide 12.3 Million Men, woman, and children total have been trafficked Both within and across international borders Human Trafficking is the second fastest growing criminal industry, and the third most profitable The International Labor Organization estimates that human trafficking accounts for $32 billion in illicit profits Each year, 600,000-800,000 men, women, and children, are trafficked across international borders
CST Connection “In fact, the roots of human rights are to be found in the dignity that belongs to each human being. This dignity, inherent in human life and equal in every person, is perceived and understood first of all by reason.” (153 CCC pg. 67) Human trafficking exploits the rights and dignity that is, according to Catholic Social Teaching, supposed to be respected among all people. Option for the poor and vulnerable: These are the groups of people most susceptible to human trafficking and as Catholics we have the duty to protect them from this economically sinful practice Care for God’s creation: The people affected by human trafficking are not being cared for by society. Laws and organizations are needed to care for victims and prevent future exploitations to take place The Dignity of Work and the Rights of the Workers: The rights of the people induced in human trafficking are treated are treated as products and obtain limited rights as human beings. The conditions these people are subjected to are unsafe, dangerous, and unfair Thrival Rights: human trafficking prevents people from those things necessary to fully realize their God-given dignity. They are denied education and a means to support themselves. Victims are physcholoically and physically sedated by the work they are forced into
What Can You Do? Support the Polaris organization in its fight against human segregation by signing up on their website Sign up for the Grassroots Network to receive regular updates and action alerts Tell your family and friends to raise awareness Join the End Human Trafficking Facebook page Urge your legislators to enact stricter human trafficking laws
Human TraffickingOften times, people Human Trafficking isare left with no choice handcuffsm, preventing the person to have human dignity
Taken MovieRepresentation of Human Trafficking http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wCbDUREBwUg