Human trafficking


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Human Rights

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Human trafficking

  1. 1. “A degradation of our common humanity.” – President Barack Obama HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  3. 3. Let’s take a look •
  4. 4. “ Lack of public awareness facilitates human trafficking because it is still a largely hidden social problem. It is up to us as a society to look for victims and help them. ” Dr. Wade F. Horn, Ph.D. Assistant Secretary for Children and Families U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  5. 5. “An Introduction to Human Trafficking” Presentation Overview • Human Trafficking Defined • Forms of Human Trafficking • Questions and Discussion
  6. 6. Human Trafficking Defined
  7. 7. What Is Human Trafficking? • Modern-day slavery • Defined by force, fraud or coercion • Occurs across the globe • Fastest growing criminal industry
  8. 8. What Is Human Trafficking? • The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 made human trafficking a Federal crime in the United States • Key provisions for victims  Identified as victims, not criminals  Helps victims rebuild their lives in the U.S. with food, shelter, and medical assistance  Minors in commercial sex act are by law a victim
  9. 9. What Is Human Trafficking?
  10. 10. What Is Human Trafficking? • Myth:  Human trafficking is the same as human smuggling • Myth:  Trafficking must involve some form of travel or transportation • Myth:  Victims are only foreign nationals or immigrants • Myth:  Victims will come forward on their own accord
  11. 11. Other Common Myths • Only a small number of people are victims of human trafficking. • Human trafficking is a problem for developing nations only. • Trafficking doesn’t happen in Panama.
  12. 12. Who Are the Victims?
  13. 13. Forms of Human Trafficking
  14. 14. Behind Closed Doors: Sex Trafficking • Commercial sexual exploitation of adults by force, fraud, coercion • Any commercial sex of children (persons under the age of 18)
  15. 15. Behind Closed Doors: Sex Trafficking • Commonly observed forms of sex trafficking  Street prostitution  Exotic dancing bars  Asian massage parlors  Residential brothels  Escort services
  16. 16. Behind Closed Doors: Labor Trafficking • Exploitation of adults or children for labor using force, fraud, coercion • Commonly observed forms of labor trafficking  Domestic servitude  Restaurants  Industrial cleaning  Construction  Migrant farm work  Peddling/begging rings
  17. 17. Portrait of a Victim: The Clues • Living at workplace or with employer • Housed with multiple people, cramped living space • Working long hours; little to no pay • No identification, travel documents • Children not in school • Physical signs of abuse and/or psychological effects
  18. 18. Questions and Answers