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  1. 1. Follow Me to the Moon Cathy Peddie Deputy Project Manager Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Project
  2. 2. NASA’s Vision For Space Exploration LRO’s Role Robotic Lunar Exploration Program Jan. 14 2004 – The President announced a new vision for space exploration that included among its goals “… to return to the moon by 2020, as the launching point for missions beyond. Beginning no later than 2008, we will send a series of robotic missions to the lunar surface to research and prepare for future human exploration.”NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  3. 3. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission Objectives Locate Potential Resources Safe Landing Sites Space EnvironmentHydrogen/water at the lunar poles High resolution imagery Energetic particles Continuous solar energy Global geodetic grid Neutrons Mineralogy TopographyNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Rock abundances
  4. 4. LRO Follows in the Footsteps of the Apollo Robotic Precursors• Apollo had three (Ranger, Lunar Orbiter and Surveyor) robotic exploration programs with 21 precursor missions from 1961-68 1. Lunar Orbiters provided medium & high resolution imagery (1-2m resolution) which was acquired to support selection of Apollo and Surveyor landing sites. 2. Surveyor Landers made environmental measurements including surface physical characteristics. 3. Ranger hard landers took the first close-up photos of the lunar surface• Exploration needs the above information to go to new sites and resource data to enable sustainable exploration. Lunar Orbiter ETU in Smithsonian Air & Space Museum, Washington DC NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  5. 5. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) is NASA’s first step in returning humans to the moon. LRO focuses on the selection of safe landing sites, identification of lunar resources, and studies how the lunar radiation environment will affect humans. LRO will create the comprehensive atlas of the moon’s features and resources necessary to design and build the lunar outpost. The LRO mission will not only enable future exploration but also return lunar data that will significantly advance lunar and planetary science. The LRO payload, comprised of six instruments and one technology demonstration, will provide the most comprehensive data set ever returned from the moon..NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  6. 6. Lunar Rover, Schmidt, Big BoulderNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center David Everett--LRO Overview 6
  7. 7. LRO Mission Overview• Launch in early 2009 on a Atlas V into a direct insertion trajectory to the moon. Co-manifested with LCROSS lunar impacter mission.• On-board propulsion system used to capture at the moon, insert into and maintain 50 km mean altitude circular polar reconnaissance orbit.• 1 year mission with extended mission options.• Orbiter is a 3-axis stabilized, nadir pointed spacecraft designed to operate continuously during the primary mission.• Investigation data products delivered to Planetary Data Systems (PDS) within 6 months of primary mission completion. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  8. 8. LRO Enables Global Lunar Surface Access North Pole + Near Side Far Side LRO Global Topography, Imagery and 17 Resource Maps Central Farside 21 Highlands 13 +Aristarchus Plateau 3 + 15 17 +Rima Bode Mare Tranquillitatis 24 9 + 20 Mare Smythii 1 3 6 5 11 16 +OceanusProcellarum + 12 14 16 Apollo 15-17 Panoramic Camera (unregistered) Orientale Basin Floor + 7 Luna Surveyor South Pole-Aitken Basin Floor Apollo LRO 1m Landing + Site Images + “Top 10” Exploration Sites + South Pole Current Apollo heritage image set only LRO extends coverage to entire Moon Most other high priority sites identified lie Covers 4 of 10 ESAS sites. outside Apollo heritage area NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  9. 9. LRO-LCROSS Launch Segment• Launch Services Provided by KSC• Atlas V 401 through NLS Contract• 2000 kg/C3 ~-2.0; Sun Exclusion thru Ascent• 4m fairing; H/K data thru EELV I/F• Co-manifested with LCROSS lunar mission LRO• Launch Site Processing at Astrotech including Fueling & Control Center LCROSS 4.00 m 2.25 m Stack CG Height Boattail Access Doors (4) NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center LRO Overview Slide - 9 CEM
  10. 10. LRO Mission OverviewLaunch: April 2009 Lunar Orbit Insertion Polar Mapping Phase, Sequence, 4-6 Days 50 km Altitude Circular Orbit, At least 1 Year Commissioning Phase, Minimum Energy 30 x 216 km Altitude Lunar Transfer ~ 4 Days Quasi-Frozen Orbit, Up to 60 Days NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  11. 11. LRO Spacecraft LRO Orbiter Characteristics Mass (CBE) 1845 kg Dry: 924 kg, Fuel: 898 kg (1263 m/sec) Orbit Average Bus Power 681 W Data Volume, Max Downlink rate 461 Gb/day, 100Mb/sec Pointing Accuracy, Knowledge 60, 30 arc-sec Spacecraft Bus Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation (CRaTER) High Gain Antenna System Solar Array (Deployed) Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector Mini-RF Technology (LEND) Demonstration Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment (DLRE) Instrument Module (LOLA, LROC, LAMP) ACS Thruster Module (1 of 4) LEND Neutron InstrumentNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Slide - 11
  12. 12. LRO Spacecraft (Launch Config) OMNI ANTENNA CSS STAR TRACKERS (2) SASRELEASE (4) X Y -Z ACS THRUSTERS SAS HGAS GIMBAL NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center David Everett--LRO Overview HINGE 12
  13. 13. LRO in GSFC Building 7/10 Clean RoomNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  14. 14. Instrument OverviewLOLA: Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter LROC/WAC: Wide‐Angle Camera LROC/NACs: Narrow‐Angle Cameras‐ Topography ‐ Global Imagery ‐ Targeted Imagery‐ Slopes ‐ Lighting ‐ Hazards‐ Roughness ‐ Resources ‐ TopographyAutonomous Day Side Day Side Autonomous Timeline DrivenLR: Laser Ranging DLRE: Diviner Lunar Radiometer Exp. Mini‐RF: Synthetic Aperture Radar‐ Topography ‐ Temperature ‐ Tech Demonstration‐ Gravity ‐ Lighting ‐ Resources ‐ Hazards ‐ Topography ‐ ResourcesGSFC LOS Full Orbit Polar RegionsAutonomous Autonomous Timeline DrivenCRaTER: Cosmic Ray Telescope… LEND: Lunar Explr. Neutron Detector LAMP: Lyman‐Alpha Mapping Project‐ Radiation Spectra ‐ Neutron Albedo ‐ Water‐Frost‐ Tissue Effects ‐ Hydrogen Maps ‐ PSR MapsFull Orbit Full Orbit Night SideAutonomous Goddard Space Flight Center NASA’s Autonomous Autonomous
  15. 15. Data ProductsTopography Lighting Hazards Gravity Temperature Resources Radiation Neutrons Water-Frost NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center David Everett--LRO Overview 15
  16. 16. LRO Instrument Photos LROC CRaTER LOLA Diviner LEND LAMP Mini-RF Flight AntennaNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  17. 17. LRO instrument installationCRaTERDLRELOLALAMPLEND LROC NAC Installation NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  18. 18. What One-Meter Resolution looks likeNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  19. 19. LRO Ground System Accomplishments S Band Tracking & Telemetry Stations Ka-S Band Antenna At White Sands Mission Operations Center at NASA GSFC SOUTH POINT, HAWAII DONGARA, AUSTRALIANASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center WEILHEIM, GERMANY
  20. 20. Laser Ranging Station (Springfield Rd)NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  21. 21. VIP visits and tours George Takei (aka Star Trek’s Mr. Sulu) visits LRONASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  22. 22. Neil Armstrong and MeNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  23. 23. VIP visits and tours Bruce Springsteen’s Thrill Hill Gang (Road Crew) Glenn PhillipsNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Sheryl Crows Band
  24. 24. VIP visits and tours Greg Redfern of Sky & Telescope photoshoot Discovery Channel photoshootNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center WJZ’s Vic Carter and Laurie
  25. 25. VIP visits and tours Tour for Norm Mineta Tour for the British Embassy Staff Tour for Tom HemingwayNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Tour for the Chandrayaan-1 Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) Team
  26. 26. LRO inscription on a Flight Reaction Wheel in honor of our team memberNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  27. 27. Send Your Name to the Moon on LRO 1,576,467 names will be onboardNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  28. 28. Earth Rise, December 1968NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  29. 29. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  30. 30. Help!Traditionally in NASA projects, deputies are often added once “go ahead” has been given and/or the Project Manager “screams” for help!! NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  31. 31. Deputy “how to” Guide• Establish expectations – What do you want from me? – What I want from you• Roles and responsibilities – How are we going to work together – Lines of authority – Good cop/Bad Cop – External (up & out)/internal (down & in)• Calibrate the situation – Styles – Skill mix – Strengths/weaknesses – Team environment• Work towards the “best” for both (and project) NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Slide - 31
  32. 32. Deputies wear many hats • Hot Back-up/Stand in • Technical Lead • Business Lead • Owner of Project processes • Complaints department • Coach • Trainer • Mentor • Counselor • Lead Pooper Scooper • “other duties as assigned”NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  33. 33. Advantages to having a Deputy Sharing the work load Sharing the burden 2nd opinion, alternate viewpoint Sounding board Additional set of skills Complementary skills Validation of prime’s judgement “you are not alone”NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  34. 34. Potential Pitfalls Confusion on who’s in charge Lines of Authority and Responsibility Must be clearly understood by all Must be worked out and orchestrated Must be supported Disconnected Leadership Vulcan mind meld or… Need effective communication & coordination Marginalization Underutilization of a key resource To truly have a back-up, shared knowledge base is key Too many cooks Roles & Responsibilities must be clearly definedNASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  35. 35. LRO’s PM and DPMo Project Manager & Deputy are truly partnerso Complementary skill set o Strengths & “non-strengths” are fully coveredo Relationship evolution o Adapted throughout project’s life cycles o Continuous “working it’o Flexibility, Process of Discoveryo Supportive of one anothero Loyaltyo Passion for the LRO Project NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
  36. 36. For More on LROWebsite: (LRO has 740 friends): (LRO has 1306 followers): NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center