Dedering: Globalization, Global History, and Africa

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Presentation for the Seminar to "Introduction to Global History" at the University of Vienna and within the Erasmus Mundus Master Programm of Global Studies '11 respectively. The presentation covers: Globalization, Global History, and Africa in form of evaluating T. Dederings equally named essay in the Journal of Asian and African Studies 2002.

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  • \n
  • \n
  • Author & Text structure\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\n\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\n\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • Slavery: distinction between Ancient (--> „fair“) and (Pre)Modern (obductiont)Which Impact did it have on Africa? Is the extensive slave trade responsible for kind of an African stagnation in early modern times?--> negativ consequences of African people‘s integral development? --> example discussion about Slavery, introduced by Bashir in Commodity Chains: did the immense loss of skilled people weakened the African possibilites to develop?\nCan you draw parallels between slavery and colonial imperialism and globalisation respectively? Can you find similar patterns? Fourth stage of outside penetration?\nreasons for decline? --> dependency, legacies, had to develop their own concepts without being completely able and free to do it --> skilled minorities, outside penetration of liberal reforms connected with funding, ...\ndevelopment first, democracy second? neopatriomonialism with big man rulepatronage, capitalism vs. socialism\nHow did the African‘s perceive themselves? Not possible to disconnect African from European history\n
  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2538665.stm\nhttp://www.goodplanet.info/goodplanet/index.php/eng/Accueil2#\nhttp://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.lsg.musin.de/geschichte/start-g/Afrika_Kolonisation.png&imgrefurl=http://www.lsg.musin.de/geschichte/start-g/index-afrika.htm&usg=__23Pygw7QzoDesgBYwu6V4eEO1LE=&h=991&w=982&sz=186&hl=de&start=64&sig2=CEkg8iFsSSbLI2sr6Um71w&um=1&tbnid=otZ8KeuFEq8m1M:&tbnh=149&tbnw=148&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dafrika%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Dde%26client%3Dsafari%26rls%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D60%26um%3D1&ei=LBwdS4DlEov0mQO49JzZAw\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) also on the African continent, which adapted this ideas --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\nWhere can Africa be located in the global world?\n\n
  • Landes explicitly adopts the Eurocentric approach (1999)\nno racial or value/norm/moral explenation, but just based on historical premises from the 19th century onwards...\n\n
  • challenges Landes approach (1998)\n
  • challenges Landes approach (1998)\n
  • E-W / N-S: crops, technologies & culture (deserts, mountains, ...)what would have been if the Bantu had been still in the south of South Africa\nno political larger units <----> no organized food production / labor specification / technological innovation\ncrippling legacy of slave trade --> diff\ndoesn‘t he marginalize historical aspects in his geographical determinism perspective?\n
  • AGRICULTURE (<----> Hunter) | URBANIZATION (division and specialisation of labor) | Political central. ... (to satisfy greater variety of needs)\nISOLATION | DEVELOP (limited range of possibilities) | TECHN (compared to diversified societies and stronger socioeconomical / military / political structures)\ncolonialization of Africa due to accidents of geo and bio, not due to race, ethnicity and culture\n\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) also on the African continent, which adapted this ideas --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\nWhere can Africa be located in the global world?\n\n
  • \n\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) also on the African continent, which adapted this ideas --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\nWhere can Africa be located in the global world?\n\n
  • \n\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • researching and teaching in Africa, Europe and Asia)\n
  • eurocentric images, cultural & racial exceptionalism always present (e.g. South Africa, ethnics in Uganda, ...) also on the African continent, which adapted this ideas --> current development crisis\n„Africa will be unable to recover if it is not recolonized by the developed countries“\nWhere can Africa be located in the global world?\n\n
  • \n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • 4 central questions\n
  • \n
  • Dedering: Globalization, Global History, and Africa

    1. 1. Globalization, Global History, and Africa Introduction to Global History (Seminar) | Hessler, Hui, Mohebi
    2. 2. Introduction African History Africa in a Global Order Globalization African Renaissance Questions & CritiquePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 2
    3. 3. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Tilmann Dedering Associate Professor in the History department of the University of South Africa (MA - Free University Berlin; PhD - University of Cape Town) Research interest: Namibian studies; modern German history; world history; globalisation; history on the Internet Tel: 012 429 6869 Email: dedertm@unisa.ac.za Source: http://www.unisa.ac.za/default.asp?Cmd=ViewContent&ContentID=1091Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 3
    4. 4. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | ResumeePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 4
    5. 5. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 5
    6. 6. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 5
    7. 7. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 5
    8. 8. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 5
    9. 9. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 5
    10. 10. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African HistoryPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 6
    11. 11. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African HistoryPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 7
    12. 12. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Periodizations in Modern African History Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    13. 13. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Periodizations in Modern African History Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    14. 14. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Periodizations in Modern African History Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    15. 15. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Periodizations in Modern African History Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    16. 16. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Periodizations in Modern African History Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    17. 17. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Understanding & Redefining Periodizations in Modern African History Africa‘s marginality within a genuine global context Slavery Colonialism Post/Neocolonialism Globalization (?) Ancient / (Pre)Modern Liberation & Nationalism, Postcolonialism (Democ. Democ. & Develop., Times Dependencies & Developm.), Legacies Globally embedded • Slavery as itself • „Consolidation“ of • Opportunism / • 3 Horsemen Africa Pragmatism • Slave trade as • Global Order explotation • Dependency • Party State / (ideological, Development State • A. Renaissance • Impact on Africa? structural, ...) Contradiction State • Temporarily • Francophone / prospering AnglophonePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 8
    18. 18. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | ResumeePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 9
    19. 19. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Africa In A Global OrderPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 10
    20. 20. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Views on Africa: David Landes | Andre Gunder Frank | Jared Diamond Why are some so rich and some so poor? --> Unprecedent economical, scientific, technical advances --> increasing divergence Why did the West become the leading global power and leave the rest behind? --> Europe unleashed inventive spirit and expanded geographical & intellectual horizons --> Inventing important technologies, improving productivity, creating art --> PROGRESS (other countries weren‘t able to overcome retarding cultural elements)Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 11
    21. 21. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Views on Africa: David Landes | Andre Gunder Frank (I) | Jared Diamond No European exceptionalism --> Asia the economical engine of global history: • More populous, more productive, more advanced Decline of Asia‘s economy enabled Europe‘s rise --> „[...]Europeans grabbed the opportunity [...] because they had the advantage of exploiting relations with the Americas and Africa“ (273) --> economic, scientific, technological improvementsPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 12
    22. 22. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Views on Africa: David Landes | Andre Gunder Frank (II) | Jared Diamond Globalization new word for old phenomenon • Imperialism, industrial revolution & capitalism do not explain global history Colonialism just a single phase in history of global interaction --> Claims to marginalize Africa far less than most AfricanistsPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 13
    23. 23. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Views on Africa: David Landes | Andre Gunder Frank | Jared Diamond (I) Why did some have a head start, which have placed them in a more advantageous position? Difference between advanced an primitive irrelevant <-- every society tries to make the best out of the situation Geographic determinism Ability of interaction with environment and other societies decisive East-West / North-South mechanisms of diffusions worked differently in AfricaPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 14
    24. 24. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Views on Africa: David Landes | Andre Gunder Frank | Jared Diamond (II) Agriculture --> Urbanisation --> Political Centralisation / Sophisticated Culture / Technical Innovation Isolation --> Develop themselves --> Technological Handicaps --> Isolation (divergence) + slavery (society) + colonialism (economy) --> Difficulties to compete in the global arena GEOGRAPHY and BIOGRAPHY as catalysators of dynamicsPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 15
    25. 25. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee GlobalizationPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 16
    26. 26. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Globalization Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? • Unbroken line of historical continuity between the past and present, as it fuses the new buzzword “globalization” with the old one of “colonialism” • Satanic Forces, Africans as the eternal victims of circumstances • Whether or not Africans should be involved in this inhospitable global world • Back to the roots / timeless tradition fixedPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 17
    27. 27. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African RenaissancePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 18
    28. 28. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance The complex ways in which the multi-faceted socioeconomic, political, and cultural identities in the region, and the whole continent, have been shaped and how these various histories should be integrated into the global world (Dedering) Some main questions: • What is our understanding of the term ‘African identity’? • Who is African, and how do people fit into it? • How do Africans recover marginalised voices? • Are there core African values which need to be recovered?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 19
    29. 29. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance from various perspectives Mahmood Mamdani (born in 1947 in Uganda, teaching in Columbia University) Create an awareness of African-centered knowledge and place it in a wider global historical context Achille Mbembe (born in 1957 in Cameroon, PhD in France, working in Columbia University) Inability to imagine Africa outside the contradictory legacies inherited from modernity Kwesi Prah (Director of The Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society / CT, Sociologist and Anthropologist at various universities) Pan-Africanists view on how "war, pestilence, drought and famine, economic stagnation, political confusion and AIDS have taken control over our lives" Paul Gilroy (born in 1956 in London, Professor at the London School of Economics) No return to the idealized roots of an African identityPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 20
    30. 30. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance from various perspectives Mahmood Mamdani (born in 1947 in Uganda, teaching in Columbia University) Create an awareness of African-centered knowledge and place it in a wider global historical context Achille Mbembe (born in 1957 in Cameroon, PhD in France, working in Columbia University) Inability to imagine Africa outside the contradictory legacies inherited from modernity Kwesi Prah (Director of The Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society / CT, Sociologist and Anthropologist at various universities) Pan-Africanists view on how "war, pestilence, drought and famine, economic stagnation, political confusion and AIDS have taken control over our lives" Paul Gilroy (born in 1956 in London, Professor at the London School of Economics) No return to the idealized roots of an African identityPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 20
    31. 31. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance from various perspectives Mahmood Mamdani (born in 1947 in Uganda, teaching in Columbia University) Create an awareness of African-centered knowledge and place it in a wider global historical context Achille Mbembe (born in 1957 in Cameroon, PhD in France, working in Columbia University) Inability to imagine Africa outside the contradictory legacies inherited from modernity Kwesi Prah (Director of The Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society / CT, Sociologist and Anthropologist at various universities) Pan-Africanists view on how "war, pestilence, drought and famine, economic stagnation, political confusion and AIDS have taken control over our lives" Paul Gilroy (born in 1956 in London, Professor at the London School of Economics) No return to the idealized roots of an African identityPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 20
    32. 32. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance from various perspectives Mahmood Mamdani (born in 1947 in Uganda, teaching in Columbia University) Create an awareness of African-centered knowledge and place it in a wider global historical context Achille Mbembe (born in 1957 in Cameroon, PhD in France, working in Columbia University) Inability to imagine Africa outside the contradictory legacies inherited from modernity Kwesi Prah (Director of The Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society / CT, Sociologist and Anthropologist at various universities) Pan-Africanists view on how "war, pestilence, drought and famine, economic stagnation, political confusion and AIDS have taken control over our lives" Paul Gilroy (born in 1956 in London, Professor at the London School of Economics) No return to the idealized roots of an African identityPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 20
    33. 33. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee African Renaissance from various perspectives Mahmood Mamdani (born in 1947 in Uganda, teaching in Columbia University) Create an awareness of African-centered knowledge and place it in a wider global historical context Achille Mbembe (born in 1957 in Cameroon, PhD in France, working in Columbia University) Inability to imagine Africa outside the contradictory legacies inherited from modernity Kwesi Prah (Director of The Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society / CT, Sociologist and Anthropologist at various universities) Pan-Africanists view on how "war, pestilence, drought and famine, economic stagnation, political confusion and AIDS have taken control over our lives" Paul Gilroy (born in 1956 in London, Professor at the London School of Economics) No return to the idealized roots of an African identityPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 20
    34. 34. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee ResumeePräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 21
    35. 35. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Critiques • South African perspective, South Africa not really representative for the African continent • Collection of opinions, hardly an own opinionPräsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 22
    36. 36. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 23
    37. 37. Introduction | History | Global Order | Globalization | Renaissance | Resumee Central Questions What are the different views on the integration of Africa into a comprehensive picture of global history? How did Eurocentric and Afrocentric ideas influence the debate about Africa‘s position in the face of global challenges? Where can postcolonial Africa be located in the global world? How can the impact of globalization to Africa be perceived? Where should Africa intersect with the rest of the world in regard of African values and African morality? What is African Renaissance and how should it proceed?Präsentation: Moritz Hessler ©, Noel Hui, Shadi Mohebi | Vienna, December 2009 23
    38. 38. Thank You!Hessler, Hui, MohebiSourcesT. Dedering: Globalization, Global History, and Africa;Journal of Asian and African Studies 2002; 37; 271G. Hyden: The Movement Legacy; in: African Politics ina Comparative Perspective; Cambridge UniversityPress; London; 2005; 314 pp.S. Friedman: An accidental advance? South Africa’s2009 Elections; Journal of Democracy, 29, 10/2009,pp. 108 – 122P. Vale / S. Maseko: South Africa and the AfricanRenaissance; in: Royal Institute of International Affairs,Vol. 72, No. 2, 1998, pp. 271-287The African Renaissance, http://web.uct.ac.za/depts/ricsa/confer/me99/procs/pro_afre.htmThe Motherland Trailer, http://web.uct.ac.za/depts/ricsa/confer/me99/procs/pro_afre.htm

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