Congress Of Vienna


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Congress Of Vienna

  1. 1. The Congress of Vienna 1814-1815
  2. 2. Congress of Vienna 1814-1815 <ul><li>Concerned about the spread of nationalism and ideas if the Rights of Man spread by the French Revolution, the victor nations met to discuss the future of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>* Monarchs wished to keep hold of the power! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Congress of Vienna 1814-1815 <ul><li>European heads of state and monarchs meet to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contain France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance the power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the monarchs in place legitimately </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Five “Great Powers” Meet: <ul><li>Prussia - Frederick Willhelm III </li></ul><ul><li>Russia - Czar Alexander </li></ul><ul><li>Austria - Klemens von Metternich </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain - Lord Castleraugh </li></ul><ul><li>France - Tallyrand </li></ul>
  5. 5. Klemens von Metternich <ul><li>Influential Austrian foreign minister </li></ul><ul><li>Distrusted democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to restore Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Metternich “ When France sneezes, Europe catches a cold!” What does this mean?
  7. 7. Klemens von Metternich <ul><li>Wants European rulers to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppress any future revolutionary mov’ts quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure power lies with legitimate and traditional rulers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control the population through the press and stict laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* In France, the monarchy was restored.King Louis XVIII was installed! So much for those revolutionary ideas! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Metternich’s 3 Goals <ul><li>Contain France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>surround with stronger countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balance of Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>weaken France, but not too severely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no one country too powerful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legitimacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>former monarchs restored </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Europe 1815
  10. 10. Concert of Europe Alliance system Nations would help each other if revolutions broke out
  11. 11. Conservatives vs. Liberals Which group would fall under which category? Middle class Nobles City workers Nationalists
  12. 12. <ul><li>Which of the following was NOT a result of the Congress of Vienna? </li></ul><ul><li>New political map of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in the power of Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>New political philosophies </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of European monarchies </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conservatives <ul><li>They are a political faction and they want to preserve the status quo </li></ul><ul><li>Liberals </li></ul><ul><li>They are a political faction and they want to promote social change and individual freedoms </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Legitimacy- the principal that states that rulers who have been driven from the throne should be restored to power </li></ul>
  15. 15. France - Louis XVIII - returned to the throne of France I do love legitimacy!
  16. 16. What were the political philosophies that the Congress of Vienna was determined to crush?
  17. 17. These ideas of nationalism and liberalism spread to Latin America The American and French Revolutions had a profound impact on Latin American independence movements
  18. 18. Toussiant L’Overture The one…the only… The only, ever - in all of history, successful slave revolt for independence Island of Haiti/San Domingo. 1797 revolted against French rulers. Successful rule 1800-1802. Eventually captured, hanged by Napoleon’s forces Translated from French, his name means &quot;the awakening of all saints&quot; or &quot;all souls rising&quot;. His last words were to his son in France, &quot;My boy, you will one day go back to St. Domingo; forget that France murdered your father.&quot;
  19. 20. Simon Bolivar <ul><li>The Napoleon of Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Son of a slave, very well educated in the Enlightenment philosophies </li></ul><ul><li>Much like Napoleon in that he spreads the ideas of nationalism </li></ul>
  20. 21. Simon Bolivar <ul><li>Responsible for the independence of Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a national hero in all of these countries! </li></ul><ul><li>He so admired Thomas Jefferson and his ideas of the American Revolution that he sent his son to be schooled at “ THE UNIVERSITY” ( you get one guess as to what university that is….! Hint: it is NOT Virginia Tech) </li></ul>
  21. 22. Hello there! Now that you know all about the three goals that Metternich had at the Congress of Vienna, we are going to play a game!
  22. 23. Believed national groups should have their own states People who have a common heritage and identify belong together Intolerant of other ethnic groups So, which -ism describes all of these ideas?
  23. 24. I will tell you a problem in Europe under Napoleon, and you can tell me how Metternich helped solve the problem!
  24. 25. I, Napoleon, brought a problem to Europe. I overthrew all the kings, and placed my own family members on the throne!
  25. 26. How did the Congress of Vienna and Metternich fix the problem? Legitimacy!!! The original monarchs are put back in office!
  26. 27. I also made another mistake. I was very power-hungry and my fellow French citizens had strong feelings of Nationalism. Many surrounding countries saw this as a threat!
  27. 28. How did the Congress of Vienna and Metternich fix the problem? Containment of France! Made countries around France that were once weaker…. Stronger!
  28. 29. Another problem of mine was that France was looked at as a threat to other countries. They were always afraid I would go and conquer them, and when I did, I had ALL the power!
  29. 30. How did the Congress of Vienna and Metternich fix the problem? Balance of Power! No country in Europe could easily overpower another!
  30. 31. <ul><li>One more review item: </li></ul><ul><li>Which one of the following political philosophies did NOT play a role in the Congress of Vienna? </li></ul><ul><li>Liberalism </li></ul><ul><li>b. Conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>c. Fascism </li></ul><ul><li>d. nationalism </li></ul>
  31. 32. Thank you for playing! I hope you had a FANTASTIC time!