The World in 1500 The China lure.... The Chinese didn ’ t need anything from Europe! But they had many items Europeans wanted.... Tea Gunpowder Porcelain rapidshare2download.net rapidshare2download.net
The World in 1500 Since the Ming emperors were considered the sons of Heaven, they were, by definition, superior to all other people on earth. They had no interest in the outside world and so this powerful nation, with probably the best technology, intelligence and natural resources, doomed itself to fall behind a rapidly expanding and energetic Europe. By 1900 this will be the land of gunboat diplomacy what does that mean?
<ul><li>What are the main items Europeans want from China? </li></ul>Porcelain ....duh! it is called china Tea - easily the world ’ s most popular drink
<ul><li>What is the problem as far as Europeans are concerned? </li></ul>China won ’ t sell!
<ul><li>Luckily, the Europeans will discover India - the home of the mighty_________ empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually.....like in the 1700 ’ s Britain will control India. </li></ul><ul><li>The world ’ s largest private corporation will be created to manage and trade goods from India. </li></ul><ul><li>The ____________________________ </li></ul>Mughal British East India Tea Company Now, what does this have to do with drug dealing?
The Great Appeal of China <ul><li>If only we could sell one _________ to each Chinese person our factories could be in business forever. </li></ul>
Entering China Through Trade <ul><li>It ’ s the early 1800s and William Delano went out in the world to make money. He went to China but the Chinese didn ’ t need anything and he didn ’ t have anything unusual to offer. </li></ul>http://www.rawa.org/temp/runews/data/upimages/us_opium.jpg
Trade problems <ul><li>Problem is the Chinese gov ’ t won ’ t allow opium to be traded. </li></ul><ul><li>Really, that isn ’ t a problem because the British want to introduce opium trade too...because, goodness knows, China won ’ t sell any tea from the East India Tea Company (the British mighty-big corportation) </li></ul>
Trade Wars <ul><li>British owned East India Tea Company became the biggest drug dealer in the world....and the Chinese people became the victims </li></ul>http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/ core9 /phalsall/images/opium.gif The Opium Wars of 1839 Not only was the war the most humiliating defeat the Chinese had ever suffered, but it was also an example of how weak and vulnerable the Chinese are once their doors are opened to foreigners. For this reason, and many others, nationalist societies in China have struggled (and continue) to keep the destructive foreigners out.
Trade Wars lead to Civil Wars in China <ul><li>With the Opium introduction, the British also introduced missionaries to spread the word of Christianity. Missionaries in China become a well-established pattern that continues today. </li></ul><ul><li>The mix of drug and religion contributes to MAJOR CIVIL WAR 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with the Taiping Rebellion - strange mixture of gender equality and sex. </li></ul>25 Million Dead! US Civil War 1861-1865 620,000 dead
What happened to William Delano? <ul><li>He made a fortune in the Opium trade. Married and moved his family to New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a daughter named Sarah. She married the neighbor ’ s son James Roosevelt. </li></ul><ul><li>They had a son. </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Delano Roosevelt </li></ul>
China won’t trade with Europeans! They will only allow trade in small restricted areas in coastal cities. They are called special enclaves. They are certain areas that allow very limited trade with foreigners. This is one reason why China does not modernize until later and also why they stay so unique in their culture
Japan 1500 Who ruled? Ruled by an Emperor- but he had no power Who had the power?
Japan 1500 Who ruled? Sure there was an emperor but the real power was held by the top military man - the Shogun
Japan 1500 The biggest, baddest Shogun was Tokugawa This military society/feudal society practiced a code of behavior much like the European code of chivalry. It was called____________ bushido = “ the way of the warrior ”
Japan 1500 Japan, like China, limited the foreign influence in its country. Japan was virtually isolated from the outside world not much What did the Japanese Shogunates think of the Europeans who showed up in the late 1500s/1600s?
<ul><li>1. Label global trade routes and make an empire key on blank world map (map shown in following slide) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Use the map to label the following 1500 era trade routes (you will need 6 colored pencils....) </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Road/routes across Asia to Mediterranean basin </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime routes across the Indian Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Saharan routes across North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Northern European sea and river trade </li></ul><ul><li>Western European sea and river trade </li></ul><ul><li>South China Seas and lands of Southeast Asia </li></ul>
<ul><li>2. Divide one page into 5 squares. In each square summarize 5 important notes about each empire (Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid, China, Songhai) include at least one quick draw in each square) </li></ul>