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  1. 1. The effect orthoses have on altering gait and recovery from lower limb sports injuries. Mark Rule (0947944)
  2. 2. Developing an interest
  3. 3. What is Gait?
  4. 4. Runners gait
  5. 5. Injury
  6. 6. What is an orthotic? • Device to correct a patients physical posture and function. • Serve to maximise function and mobility, minimize pain, and prevent the progression of a physical abnormality.
  7. 7. Research Question What is the best orthotic treatment in order to help runners recover quicker from injury?
  8. 8. Research Design • Quantitative vs. Qualitative
  9. 9. Research Design - Sampling Probability Nonprobability
  10. 10. Research Design - Questionnaire
  11. 11. Research Design - Survey GRADE 1 STRAIN • Damage to individual muscle fibres (less than 5% of fibres). This is a mild strain which requires 2 to 3 weeks rest. GRADE 2 STRAIN • Extensive damage, with more muscle fibres involved, but the muscle is not completely ruptured. The rest period required is usually between 3 and 6 weeks. GRADE 3 STRAIN . • Complete rupture of a muscle. In a sports person this will usually require surgery to repair the muscle. The rehabilitation time is around 3 months.
  12. 12. Data Analysis Univariate Approach Bivariate Approach Multivariate Approach
  13. 13. Borg Scale & Tables
  14. 14. Implications
  15. 15. References • Babbie, E. (2008). The Basics of Social Research (4th ed.). Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth. • Cottrell, R., & McKenzie, J. (2011). Health Promotion & Education Research Methods. Sudbury, Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. • Gait Analysis and Biomechanics. (n.d.). Retrieved from • Landorf, K., & Keenan, A. (2000). Efficacy of Foot Orthoses: What Does the Literature Tell Us?, Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 90(3), 149-155. • Menz, H. (2009). Foot orthoses: how much customisation is necessary?, Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2(23), 1-3. doi: 10.1186/1757-1146-2-23 • Pecina, M., & Bojanic, I. (2004). Overuse injuries of the Musculoskeletal System. Florida: CRC Press LLC. • Perry, J. (1992). Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function. New Jersey: Slack. • Subotnick, S. (1999). Sports Medicine of the Lower Extremity (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Churchill Livingstone. • Trotter, L., & Pierrynowski, M. (2008). The Short-term Effectiveness of Full-Contact Custom made Foot Orthoses and Prefabricated Shoe Inserts on Lower-Extremity Musculoskeletal Pain. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 98(5), 357-363. Retrieved from Scopus.