ROLAND BARTHES <ul><li>Livvy Free </li></ul>12 th  November 1915 – 25 th  March 1980
BARTHES’ VIEWS <ul><li>Barthes says that all narratives share structural features that are brought together in different w...
<ul><li>According to Barthes, there is always more than one way to read a text.  </li></ul><ul><li>Within any given text t...
<ul><li>Barthes argues that we should take the existence of these codes as an invitation to read a text in ways to bring o...
<ul><li>Barthes states that most texts are ‘readerly’ texts. </li></ul><ul><li>These are texts that are presented in the u...
<ul><li>‘ Writerly’ texts reveal those elements that the ‘readerly’ texts attempt to hide.  </li></ul><ul><li>The reader i...
<ul><li>Barthes' Enigma Code is a theory that suggests that any text, such as television, film, a poster, makes the audien...
<ul><li>Barthes’ theory of the five codes is a way of grouping signifiers according to the role they play in the text.  </...
NARRATIVE / ENIGMA CODES <ul><li>Reading a text with the five codes in mind is like looking at an image through a series o...
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Roland barthes.

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Roland barthes.

  1. 1. ROLAND BARTHES <ul><li>Livvy Free </li></ul>12 th November 1915 – 25 th March 1980
  2. 2. BARTHES’ VIEWS <ul><li>Barthes says that all narratives share structural features that are brought together in different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Although there are differences between individual narratives, they all have a limited number of organisational structures that affect our reading of texts – these are called ‘Narrative/Enigma codes’. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>According to Barthes, there is always more than one way to read a text. </li></ul><ul><li>Within any given text there is a plurality of meaning rather than one correct reading. </li></ul><ul><li>To uncover a text’s plural meaning, you have to read the text, and then re-read it. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because every time you read a text, you read it in a slightly different way to the previous time. With each re-reading, another meaning comes to the surface.  </li></ul>BARTHES’ VIEWS
  4. 4. <ul><li>Barthes argues that we should take the existence of these codes as an invitation to read a text in ways to bring out multiple meanings and connotations. </li></ul><ul><li>He rejects the view that an audience should read a text for its linear plot, or be controlled by it. </li></ul><ul><li>He believes that an audience should have a &quot;writerly&quot; rather than a &quot;readerly&quot; approach to texts. </li></ul>HOW TO ABSORB A TEXT:
  5. 5. <ul><li>Barthes states that most texts are ‘readerly’ texts. </li></ul><ul><li>These are texts that are presented in the usual linear, traditional manner of style and content – this is pre-determined so that the reader is simply receiving the information. </li></ul><ul><li>These texts attempt, through the use of representations, to hide anything that would open up the text to multiple meaning – e.g. advertising </li></ul>‘ READERLY’ TEXT
  6. 6. <ul><li>‘ Writerly’ texts reveal those elements that the ‘readerly’ texts attempt to hide. </li></ul><ul><li>The reader is now in a position of control and takes an active role in determining the meaning of the text. </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘writerly’ text undermine the reader’s expectations. </li></ul>‘ WRITERLY’ TEXT
  7. 7. <ul><li>Barthes' Enigma Code is a theory that suggests that any text, such as television, film, a poster, makes the audience question something and intrigue the audience to draw them in. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a murder mystery will often not reveal the identity of the murderer until the end of the story. This encourages the audience to ask the question – &quot;Who is the murderer?&quot; </li></ul>ENIGMA CODE
  8. 8. <ul><li>Barthes’ theory of the five codes is a way of grouping signifiers according to the role they play in the text. </li></ul><ul><li>These are categorised as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hermeneutic Code – the voice of truth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Proairetic Code – the voice of empirics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Semantic Code – the voice of the person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Symbolic Code – the voice of the symbol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cultural Code – the voice of knowledge </li></ul></ul>NARRATIVE / ENIGMA CODES
  9. 9. NARRATIVE / ENIGMA CODES <ul><li>Reading a text with the five codes in mind is like looking at an image through a series of coloured lenses. The image remains the same but your impression of it changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Texts in which the Semantic, Symbolic, and Cultural Codes dominate are closer to Barthes’s idea of the ‘writerly’ text. They give you a sense of what the narrative is like rather than tell you what happens. </li></ul>

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