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Selecting The Right Respirator

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Respirators and facepieces help us avoid bodily damage caused by exposure to hazardous air conditions, chemicals, gases, vapors and dusts.

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Selecting The Right Respirator

  1. 1. Respirators and facepieces help us avoid bodily damage caused by exposure to hazardous air conditions, chemicals, gases, vapors and dusts. Breathe Easy! SELECTING THE RIGHT RESPIRATOR www.labsource.com DUST MASK/FILTERING FACEPIECE • Entire facepiece contains the filtering medium, or the filter is an integral part of the facepiece • Masks protect only against some particulates and not chemicals, gases or vapors • Smallest, simplest, lightweight and least expensive, these are intended for low hazards • Disposable masks/facepieces require no maintenance CHEMICAL CARTRIDGE/GAS MASK RESPIRATOR • Filters chemical gases and some particulates from the air • Includes a facepiece or mask plus a cartridge to filter particles • Use with particulate filters, gas and vapor cartridges or combination cartridges • Effective only with the correct cartridge or filter for the hazard you face • Half-face respirators cover the lower half of the face, including nose and mouth • Full-face respirators cover most of the face, including the eyes POWERED AIR-PURIFYING RESPIRATOR (PAPR) • A fan blower forces air through the filter to the wearer • Require a fully charged battery to work properly • Effective only with the correct cartridge or filter for the hazard you face • Must be equipped with a HEPA filter when used to protect against infectious diseases SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS (SCBA) • Uses its own air tank and hose to supply clean air; cartridge not required • Provides the greatest protection; commonly used by firefighters • Protects against high concentrations of dangerous chemicals • Equipment is very heavy and proper use requires special training A person usually breathes an average of 13 pints of air every minute.1 An estimated 5 million workers are required to wear respirators in 1.3 million workplaces in the U.S.2 • RESISTANCE TO OILY MISTS • N: Not resistant to oil • R: Oil-resistant for up to 8 hours • P: Oil-proof • FILTRATION EFFICIENCY • Rated 95, 99 or 100 to indicate the percentage of airborne particles the cartridge is capable of filtering • PAPR respirators use a HEPA or HE filter, which provides at least 99.7% filtration of particulates • CARTRIDGE LABEL COLOR CODE • Black: Approved for use with organic vapors • White: Approved for use with acid gases • Yellow: Approved for both organic vapors and acid gases • Green: Approved for use with ammonia gas • Magenta: HEPA or P100 filter Sources: 1) https://pulmonaryhypertensionnews.com/2017/12/20/8-fun-facts-lungs/ 2) https://compliance-specialists.com/2015/10/28/preventable-deaths-respirators/ CHOOSE NIOSH CERTIFIED CARTRIDGES AND FILTERS Always look for products that are certified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). NIOSH cartridges are categorized by:

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