SocEnt Theory & Praxis

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This presentation is an intro to legal, financial, social impact assessment frameworks of social entrepreneurship/ social enterprises as part of the "Social Innovation in Practice" workshop hold during "The Impact Series" http://theimpactseries.com.

This series digs deep into the field of social entrepreneurship, while pointing out the social role of science. We will feature a diverse collection of speakers who will share their knowledge, expertise and experience in that field and bring attention to how to turn science in the service of solving the world’s most pressing societal challenges.

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SocEnt Theory & Praxis

  1. 1. SOCENT THEORY & PRAXIS
  2. 2. WHAT IS A SOCIAL VENTURE?
  3. 3. • Social enterprises are social mission driven organizations which apply market-based strategies to achieve a social purpose. • Using the power of business for social good (Change.org) • Positioned between public and private sector. SOCIAL ENTERPRISE
  4. 4. CHARACTERISTICS* • It directly addresses an intractable social need and serves the common good, either through its products and services or through the number of disadvantaged people it employs. • Its commercial activity is a strong revenue driver, whether a significant earned income stream within a nonprofit’s mixed revenue portfolio, or a for profit enterprise. • The common good is its primary purpose, literally “baked into” the organization’s DNA, and trumping all others. *Social Enterprise Alliance
  5. 5. LEGAL FRAMEWORKS
  6. 6. LEGAL STRUCTURES EUROPE •Various legal forms inside the national legal systems. Primarily not-for-profit, but not restricted to that e.g. associations, cooperatives etc. •Associations are common in France, Belgium •Cooperatives are more common Northern Europe, Italy, Austria, Germany, Sweden •1990s creation of new legal forms -> Social Cooperative European Commission Guide Vol.4
  7. 7. LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN GREECE • Law on Social Economy 4019/2011 establishes the form of Social Cooperative Enterprise • Summer 2013: Informal Network of Social Cooperative Enterprises (around 240 Soc. Coops.) • Other legal forms of Social Economy in Greece: Grassroots, Informal Structures, Cooperatives, Non-Profits, Associations etc.
  8. 8. IMPACT OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISES IN EUROPE
  9. 9. IMPACT IN NUMBERS 14.5 million paid employees = 6.5% working population
  10. 10. Social economy organisations by country (Top 10) United Kingdom 875 555 Germany 513 727 Other countries 434 804 Hungary 61 024 Poland 94 945 Italy 97 699 Czech Republic 10 1785 Austria 118 475 Finland 134 490 France 192 497 Spain 200 768 *Data from Ciriec International (2012), ‘The Social Economy in the European Union’.
  11. 11. SOCIAL FINANCE • Ethical/ Social/ Impact Investment • Cooperative Banks/ Social Banks • Foundations • Microfinance • Crowdfunding - EC launched a public consultation for policy framework just Oct.3 • Local or community currencies
  12. 12. SOCIAL INVESTMENT LANDSCAPE
  13. 13. SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  14. 14. SOCIAL IMPACT • Input • Activities • Output • Outcomes • Goal Alignment
  15. 15. SOCIAL IMPACT EXAMPLES • Output: Changes in attitudes, behaviors, skills etc. • Outcome: Measurable results e.g. units of housing, people employed etc.
  16. 16.  EF,-)7$DBCD9,)B*DG%B'<//0&  D33 3
  17. 17. SOCIAL IMPACT = SOCIAL VALUE CREATION = MEASURE OF CHANGE
  18. 18. SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Tools of social science, program evaluation, business practice. •Analysis •Monitor •Managing •Direct or indirect social effects
  19. 19. SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  20. 20. SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  21. 21. SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT • Theory of Change • Apparent effectiveness -> Data • Demonstrated effectiveness -> Systemic • Proven effectiveness -> Research Design
  22. 22. THEORY OF CHANGE • Understanding by stakeholders of the process that will generate social impact. • Relationship between actions, short-term outcomes and long-term outcomes.
  23. 23. Thank you! :) Konstantina Zoehrer Social Impact Designer konstantina@thirdeye.gr

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