The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director, ResPublica ‘’ You cannot have popular capitalism if the poor don’thave any capit...
The Core Problems <ul><li>The ECONOMIC problem </li></ul><ul><li>- concentration of assets  </li></ul><ul><li>The SOCIAL p...
The Economic Problem <ul><li>Assets have become concentrated </li></ul><ul><li>The wealthiest half of households hold 91% ...
The Social Problem <ul><li>Social capital is declining </li></ul><ul><li>97% of communities have become more socially frag...
The Civic Problem <ul><li>Civic engagement has decreased </li></ul><ul><li>Only 31% of  Britons  now provide nearly 90% of...
The Power Problem <ul><li>Power has pooled in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly three out of four Britons agree that “the...
The Diagnosis <ul><li>Problems with the ‘right’ and ‘left’ </li></ul><ul><li>Both welfarism and the ‘monopolised market’ h...
Britain’s Big Society  <ul><li>Transparency Democracy Locality  </li></ul><ul><li>Demand side : Localism Bill: the  right ...
Britain’s Big Society  <ul><li>Transparency Democracy Locality  </li></ul><ul><li>Demand side : Localism Bill: the  right ...
For public authorities <ul><li>Define budgets not by services or silos but by areas and by outcome  </li></ul><ul><li>Expl...
The new civic agenda <ul><li>Economic – self and community build – platform for mass bottom up enterprise </li></ul><ul><l...
Development Trusts  Community Trusts Bewonersbedrijven
<ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by local people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D...
<ul><li>Whilst all trusts are different, they typically : </li></ul><ul><li>Are small with income of between £100k and £50...
<ul><li>Most trusts have a mix of income sources, the main ones: </li></ul><ul><li>Grants (e.g. from Government, Lottery, ...
<ul><li>DTA Founded 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on assets and enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>In practice similar organis...
The top reasons for success <ul><li>People/Leadership/Management </li></ul><ul><li>People/Leadership/Management </li></ul>...
De verschillen met Nederland <ul><li>Community (wijk) bepaald door bewoners niet  door geografie </li></ul><ul><li>Bewoner...
Experiment Bewonersbedrijven <ul><li>Conferentie ruimte voor burgers 27 juni 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>14 bewonersgroepen zij...
A formula for success Leadership +  Passion +  Determination +  Focus on need + Business skills  = Success
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Presentatie henk cornelissen

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  • Verschil tussen community en wijk/buurt is primair dat een community gevormd wordt door bewoners die zichzelf en omwonende beschouwen als community terwijl een buurt/wijk gedefinieerd is aan de hand van geografische indeling Focus op economie
  • Presentatie henk cornelissen

    1. 1. The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director, ResPublica ‘’ You cannot have popular capitalism if the poor don’thave any capital’’
    2. 2. The Core Problems <ul><li>The ECONOMIC problem </li></ul><ul><li>- concentration of assets </li></ul><ul><li>The SOCIAL problem </li></ul><ul><li>- erosion of social capital </li></ul><ul><li>The CIVIC problem </li></ul><ul><li>- not enough people are getting involved </li></ul><ul><li>The POWER problem </li></ul><ul><li>- power has pooled in the state </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Economic Problem <ul><li>Assets have become concentrated </li></ul><ul><li>The wealthiest half of households hold 91% of the UK’s total wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom half of society has just 1% of liquid capital </li></ul><ul><li>Source: ONS, Wealth in Great Britain – Main Results from the Wealth and Assets Survey 2006/08 (2009) </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Social Problem <ul><li>Social capital is declining </li></ul><ul><li>97% of communities have become more socially fragmented over the past three decades </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Changing UK (Dec 2008), BBC Report </li></ul><ul><li>The level of social trust has almost halved over the last 40 years </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Civic Culture Study 1959; European and World Values Surveys 1990-2002/03 </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Civic Problem <ul><li>Civic engagement has decreased </li></ul><ul><li>Only 31% of Britons now provide nearly 90% of all volunteer hours </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Third Sector Research Centre (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands , high concentrations of low income households = lower volunteering, voter turnout and contacts with relatives </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Schmeets & te Riele (Jan 2010) </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Power Problem <ul><li>Power has pooled in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly three out of four Britons agree that “the state intervenes too much” </li></ul><ul><li>Source, David Halpern, “The Wealth of Nations” (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>48% of people would like to be more involved in local decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Ipsos MORI (2010) </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Diagnosis <ul><li>Problems with the ‘right’ and ‘left’ </li></ul><ul><li>Both welfarism and the ‘monopolised market’ have encouraged bureaucracy and asset concentration </li></ul><ul><li>The state and the market have squeezed out the ‘civic middle’, stripping it of capital and capacity </li></ul>
    8. 8. Britain’s Big Society <ul><li>Transparency Democracy Locality </li></ul><ul><li>Demand side : Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers </li></ul><ul><li>Devolving economic power and participation </li></ul>
    9. 9. Britain’s Big Society <ul><li>Transparency Democracy Locality </li></ul><ul><li>Demand side : Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers </li></ul><ul><li>Devolving economic power and participation </li></ul>
    10. 10. For public authorities <ul><li>Define budgets not by services or silos but by areas and by outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Explore social finance models – move beyond social impact bonds for prisoners – to wider policy possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>What scope for the council to be a bridge for funding current action from future savings? </li></ul>
    11. 11. The new civic agenda <ul><li>Economic – self and community build – platform for mass bottom up enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Social – associate to create capital and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Civic – begin where people are - foster relationships and fraternity </li></ul><ul><li>Power – change governance – go bottom up </li></ul>
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Development Trusts Community Trusts Bewonersbedrijven
    14. 14. <ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by local people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving social change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trading for community benefit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing community assets and ownership </li></ul></ul>Community trusts
    15. 15. <ul><li>Whilst all trusts are different, they typically : </li></ul><ul><li>Are small with income of between £100k and £500k </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on very specific neighbourhoods of up to 5,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Own an asset or have use of a building or property </li></ul><ul><li>Are primarily led and driven by up to 3 or 4 individuals, even though boards may be much bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Are successful in overcoming ongoing income and other challenges </li></ul>Community Trusts
    16. 16. <ul><li>Most trusts have a mix of income sources, the main ones: </li></ul><ul><li>Grants (e.g. from Government, Lottery, grant making trusts) – average of 70% but varies enormously </li></ul><ul><li>Donations and fund raising (tiny %) </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts with public organisations to provide services </li></ul><ul><li>Rental and room hire income </li></ul><ul><li>Social enterprise including café/catering, consultancy, weddings, conferences, training, nursery fees, events </li></ul>Income
    17. 17. <ul><li>DTA Founded 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on assets and enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>In practice similar organisations to settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Role of state funded regeneration programmes in the rapid growth of the movement – City Challenge - SRB – NDC </li></ul>Development Trusts  Rooted in the vision of there being &quot;another way&quot;, a way of combining community-led action with business expertise and enterprise.
    18. 18. The top reasons for success <ul><li>People/Leadership/Management </li></ul><ul><li>People/Leadership/Management </li></ul><ul><li>People/Leadership/Management </li></ul><ul><li>Services and community engagement </li></ul>
    19. 19. De verschillen met Nederland <ul><li>Community (wijk) bepaald door bewoners niet door geografie </li></ul><ul><li>Bewoners hebben meerderheid in bestuur </li></ul><ul><li>Focus op wijkeconomie, niet op welzijn </li></ul><ul><li>In bezit van eigen vermogen/vastgoed en daardoor mogelijkheid om inkomsten te verwerven </li></ul><ul><li>Door eigen inkomsten niet alleen afhankelijk van subsidie </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals worden ingehuurd en werken letterlijk in dienst van </li></ul>
    20. 20. Experiment Bewonersbedrijven <ul><li>Conferentie ruimte voor burgers 27 juni 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>14 bewonersgroepen zijn aan voorbereidingen begonnen </li></ul><ul><li>Start experimenten eerste helft 2012 als goed bedrijfsplan is gemaakt </li></ul><ul><li>Experimenten krijgen hulp van LSA en enig startkapitaal afhankelijk van plan </li></ul><ul><li>Onderzoek UK/NL gelijktijdig </li></ul>
    21. 21. A formula for success Leadership + Passion + Determination + Focus on need + Business skills = Success

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