Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
By: Jennifer Buckley
What is PTSD?
DSM IV of the American Psychiatric
Association defines PTSD according to their
symptoms, their duration, and the nature of the
Symptoms fall into three categories: re-
experiencing (e.g. flashbacks), hyper-arousal
(e.g. sleeplessness, anxiety) and phobias (e.g.
fear of driving after having been in a crash).
These symptoms must persist for at least
30 days and impair your function to some
A severe anxiety disorder that can
result in psychological trauma.
PTSD can occur at any age
It usually occurs after a physical or
psychological trauma, or more
frequently a combination of both
70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced
some type of traumatic event at least once in
20% of those people go on to develop PTSD
It’s estimated that 5% of Americans have
PTSD at any given time. That’s 11.2 million
An estimated 1 out of 10 women develops PTSD.
Women are twice as likely as men to develop
The causes of PTSD are unknown
Psychological, physical, social and genetic
factors are all involved
Some traumatic events that may cause
PTSD symptoms are:
-Staying in a prison
-Sudden loss of a loved one
PTSD changes the body’s response to
It is unknown why traumatic events
cause PTSD in some people but not in
PTSD usually appears within three
months of the trauma, but may
surface months or years later
Some Symptoms of PTSD
Anger, rage and/or irritability
Loss of self-esteem
Difficulty trusting others
Isolation and alienation from others
Having thoughts and memories that will not go away
Heightened sense of danger
Hyper alertness or startle response changes
Treatment of PTSD
Eye Movement Desensitization and
Peer Counseling Groups
Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. 2011. 10 Nov. 2011
PubMed Health. 5 March 2011. 10 Nov. 2011
Satel, Sally. “American Enterprise Institute for Public
Policy Research.” Feb. 2011.
United States Department of Veterans Affairs. 31 Aug.
2011. 9 Nov. 2011 www.ptsd.va.gov/