Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
By: Jennifer Buckley
and
Jacqueline Erwin
What is PTSD?
 DSM IV of the American Psychiatric
Association defines PTSD according to their
symptoms, their duration, a...
PTSD
 A severe anxiety disorder that can
result in psychological trauma.
 PTSD can occur at any age
 It usually occurs ...
 70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced
some type of traumatic event at least once in
their lives
 20% of those peop...
 The causes of PTSD are unknown
 Psychological, physical, social and genetic
factors are all involved
 Some traumatic e...
 PTSD changes the body’s response to
stress
 It is unknown why traumatic events
cause PTSD in some people but not in
oth...
Some Symptoms of PTSD
 Nightmares
 Anger, rage and/or irritability
 Depression
 Loss of self-esteem
 Difficulty trust...
Treatment of PTSD
 Eye Movement Desensitization and
Reprocessing
 Family Therapy
 Behavior Therapy
 Psychodynamic Psyc...
Resources
 Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. 2011. 10 Nov. 2011
http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Post-traumatic-
stress...
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Ptsd

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Ptsd

  1. 1. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder By: Jennifer Buckley and Jacqueline Erwin
  2. 2. What is PTSD?  DSM IV of the American Psychiatric Association defines PTSD according to their symptoms, their duration, and the nature of the event.  Symptoms fall into three categories: re- experiencing (e.g. flashbacks), hyper-arousal (e.g. sleeplessness, anxiety) and phobias (e.g. fear of driving after having been in a crash).  These symptoms must persist for at least 30 days and impair your function to some degree
  3. 3. PTSD  A severe anxiety disorder that can result in psychological trauma.  PTSD can occur at any age  It usually occurs after a physical or psychological trauma, or more frequently a combination of both
  4. 4.  70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives  20% of those people go on to develop PTSD  It’s estimated that 5% of Americans have PTSD at any given time. That’s 11.2 million people  An estimated 1 out of 10 women develops PTSD.  Women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.
  5. 5.  The causes of PTSD are unknown  Psychological, physical, social and genetic factors are all involved  Some traumatic events that may cause PTSD symptoms are: -Natural disaster -Assault -Domestic Abuse -Staying in a prison -War -Rape -Terrorism -Sudden loss of a loved one
  6. 6.  PTSD changes the body’s response to stress  It is unknown why traumatic events cause PTSD in some people but not in others  PTSD usually appears within three months of the trauma, but may surface months or years later
  7. 7. Some Symptoms of PTSD  Nightmares  Anger, rage and/or irritability  Depression  Loss of self-esteem  Difficulty trusting others  Guilt  Trouble sleeping  Substance abuse  Isolation and alienation from others  Having thoughts and memories that will not go away  Anxiety  Heightened sense of danger  Hyper alertness or startle response changes
  8. 8. Treatment of PTSD  Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing  Family Therapy  Behavior Therapy  Psychodynamic Psychotherapy  Medication  Peer Counseling Groups
  9. 9. Resources  Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. 2011. 10 Nov. 2011 http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Post-traumatic- stress-disorder.html  PubMed Health. 5 March 2011. 10 Nov. 2011 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001923 /  Satel, Sally. “American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.” Feb. 2011.  United States Department of Veterans Affairs. 31 Aug. 2011. 9 Nov. 2011 www.ptsd.va.gov/

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