1. Aman Kumar Singh
2. Shashank Tripathi
3. Apoorv Namdeo
4. Ankit Saraf
5. Aadarsh Mishra
“Everything else can wait , but not agriculture”
- Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
These words are more relevant today than 65 years ago, since our population
has grown from 300-1200 million during this period.
College : Truba Institute of Engineering and
A large number of families in India living under poverty line are
not being benefited from PDS as they are not enrolled with ration
Many bogus ration cards are issued to families above poverty
line which is adversely affecting the system.
There are approximately 10 crore ration cards for 6.5 crore
families in India.
Only 42% of the subsidized grain issued from central pool reach
to the target group.
Over 36% of budgetary subsidies on food is siphoned off the
supply chain , another 21% reaches the APL household.
The quantity and quality of the food promised in the policy is not
being supplied to the Fair Price Shops(FPS).
The system lacks transparency and accountability at all levels.
For every Rs.4 spent on the PDS only Rs.1 reaches the poor.
Inaccurate data reporting by FPS.
Absence of truck tracking system
leading to delayed delivery,
diversions, siphoning, etc.
Poor quality of packaging leads to
loss of food grains.
Bogus complaint result in wastage
of efficient time
70,000crores sanctioned by central
govt. for PDS out of which 50% is
going in black market.
• Use of optical sensing smart ration cards for the distribution of food packages.
• Biometric linked accounts.
• Computerized bill should be generated and provided to both beneficiary and
• Database creation for every FPS.
• GPS Monitoring and Proper weighing should be done at different check posts.
• Reduction in diversion of food supplies.
• Reduced number of trips for beneficiary to take different commodities
• Database for each FPS helps beneficiary to take food supply from any nearby
Proper application Drives will be done so as to provide genuine smart ration cards to the beneficiary.
Trained FPS owners will be appointed with good communication and technical skills.
Devices such as barcode scanners , GPS tracking devices , digital weighing machines will be
made available to the FPS.
Various check posts will be made for successive weighing during the transition of food supply.
The infrastructure of the food storage will be renovated for increase intake of the food available. As the
result of which the two-fifth of the subsidy can be saved.
rupees will be required
to fully implement the
Out of which 394 crore
can be funded by state
government and the rest
can be raised by the
Loans can be raised
from private sectors.
transaction charges from
the service recievers and
setting them off against
The digitization will lead to lesser man power and less paper work.
The food supply sanctioned by the government will reach the
beneficiaries in distinguished equal amount.
Various check-post will help in always keeping a tab on the vehicles
carrying the food supply.
Regular auditing of the FPS will ensure equal and justified
distribution of the food supply.
Getting the system digitized will help in sustaining the process for
long period as the management of the data will be easy.
Cash credit account should be managed prudently to avoid parking of
high cost funds with the procurement agencies; subsidy received from
GoI should be deposited into cash credit account immediately to avoid
unnecessary payment of interest.
Steps should be taken to expedite the process of identification of AAY
beneficiaries and coverage by issue of ration cards in order to ensure
that the eligible beneficiaries get the benefit of the scheme; periodical
check of ration cards to weed out ineligible and bogus ration cards
should be conducted.
The department should strengthen the inspection mechanism over the
functioning of the FPSs and also review the performance of
Monitoring/Vigilance Committees at all levels in monitoring the
distribution of food grains.
Impact of solutions (contd.)
Non– availability / delay of utilization information to the Centre from States.
Inaccurate data reporting by FPS & longer time taken for allocation cycle.
Non-standard transportation rates & Cartel formation by transporters.
Poor quality of packaging leads to loss of food grains & extensive use of
hooks leads to spillage.
Cost and time incurred on preparation of multiple DDs by FPS results in
increased financial burden on the FPS.
Selection of inappropriate dealer leading to malpractices.
Absence of response and monitoring mechanism because of which, higher
authorities are unaware of number and status of grievances registered and
thus grievances are not getting resolved on time.