TEAM DETAILS :
Improving reach and efficiency of the
Public Distribution System
A Dream of a Healthy Nation
Overview Of PDS:
A public distribution shop also known
as Fair Price Shop (FPS), part of India’s
Public Distribution System established
by Government of India , is a kind of
shop in India which is used to distribute
rations at a subsidized price to the poor.
As of date there are about 4.99 lakh Fair
Price Shops (FPS) across India.
oFirst introduced in 1939 in Bombay by
the British Government
o All India
Allocation vs. Off
take Statically data
Some Facts about PDS :
RURAL AND URBAN
REFERENCE : makanaka.wordpress.com
errors : This
leads to APL
Targeted Public Distribution System
1. 10 Kg of food grains per BPL family.
2. New cards could be issued to eliminate
the bogus cards.
3. Vigilance committees (VCs) should be
formed at District and state levels.
4. Emphasis on creating infrastructure in
difficult areas would continue to
The performance of TPDS can be improved if some corrective measures are taken to
reduce delivery cost, bring in transparency in the delivery mechanism and make the
operation of retail outlets financially viable.
A fresh BPL identification
engaged in social science
are required to eliminate
1)Ensure timely delivery
2)Rationalize cost of
handling food grains
through public agencies.
cost by welfare gain
Due to Involvement of Panchayati Raj Institutions under the guidelines for
implementations of the PDS ,the State Gov’s were urged to involve the Gram Panchayats
Gram Sabah's in the identifications of eligible beneficiaries.
Computerization of PDS
Digitalization of ration card at
National/State/District and Block
levels all over the country.
Biometric Ration card facilities
should be provided.
Schema of ration book
should be modified to
Electronic Ration cards.
Steps to be taken:
1) Design a Food Store house at Rural areas.
2) Each House have Separate sections for Wheat,
3) At each Section a Biometric/Electronic device
Device is Installed to Scan the E-Ration card.
4) The Food store House should have outlet from
which after scanning specific amount of food is
taken out(approx. 5 kg).
5) As the food is taken out ,Remotely all the
details of the family is stored in the database.
6) Every time food is taken the details should be
Firstly a Remote database is
developed storing all details of
PDS receiving people.
Reference : www.dqindia.com
While sending PDS food from
central to state to Destination
STEPS to be taken:
1) Tank/Truck/Vehicle used for transport must
attach with a sensor.
2) Sensor will monitor all activity along with route
and time taken to reach food at destination.
3) Transporting Vehicle should be sealed.
4) If sealed is found open before destination strict
action be taken against Driver.
5) In case of Accident of Transport vehicle, using
sensor all information should be investigated.
6) These Remotely Designed vehicles can be
accessed remotely any time.
7) If the truck found to be opened before ,it has to
send back at source again for investigation.
BENEFIT AFTER IMPLEMENTING PROPOSED
AT SOURCE/STARTING AT DESTINATION TO PEOPLE
1) Awareness about
every activity of
system using remote
2) Easy maintenance.
3) Easy to detect error
cause and implement
1) Getting proper
3) Reduction in
4) Easily error
2)Less people involvement.
4)Reduction in waste of food(up
5)Saving in government fund.
4)No problem with local dealers .
As we see that PDS is playing very important role in
our economy and it is providing very essential and
important items to BPL households.
Also PDS has many leakages and weakness which are
certain obstacles in the efficiency of PDS so for
removing them or for the improvement of PDS
procedural and policy reforms should be encouraged.
Banking and Information technologies have advanced
rapidly and should enable governments to bring
transparency and speed in all applications without
In addition, computerization can help in modernizing
the PDS. The introduction of smart cards and
establishment of quality control cell and training
programmes of officers which are held by Govt. can
improve the storage and delivery system of PDS. Like
that we can say that with the implementation of some
measures the PDS can give fruitful results to poor
people and society of India.
As PDS is only meant for beneficial of people.