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  1. 1. “PLUGGING THE LEAKS” A thought initiative felt and prepared for bringing out reforms in present PDS ( Public Distribution System) via MANTHAN 2013 by the team: RENAISSANCE ANUJ MANTRI UMESH PATEL AYUSH MISHRA VISHAL KUMAR PRASAD MOHAMMED PARVEZ KHAN
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION PDS was basically inspired from the British system of rationing system during the world war II which was then established and stabilized as a venture of FCI which was setup in 1965, with the following primary objectives as : Providing food grains and other essential items to vulnerable sections of society at reasonable ( subsidized ) prices. To have a moderating influence on the open market prices of cereals, the distribution of which constitutes a fairly big share of total marketable surplus. To attempt socialization in the matter of distribution of essential commodities. PDS corruption estimate Rs. crores 2004-05 Rs 16005 2009-2010 Rs 20746 This number closely matches the lower bound estimate of 2G corruption. But 2G scam happens once in a decade. “The PDS corruption happens every year”
  3. 3. STAGES PROBLEMS 1. FARMERS • Unavailability of raw materials • Lack of resources 2. PROCUREMENT 3. GODOWNS • Obsolete Infrastructure • Poor maintenance 4. TRANSPORTATION • Leakages • Supply delays • Higher cost 5. STATE STOCK HOUSES • Obsolete Infrastructure • Poor maintenance • Extortion and less no. of houses 6. FPS • Diversion • Under weight • Unfair business 7. CONSUMERS • Unavailability, unaffordability, non accessibility • Lack of information • Exclusion error & Inclusion error * The current storage capacity is 62.8 million tons, which is proving inadequate as India had record rice and wheat stocks of 65.6 million tonnes in its godowns in early June. Officials say the problem will only get increased as per present execution status.
  4. 4. CDBMS CONSUMERSYSTEM DE STATE FPSFPSFPS SALIENT FEATURES  CDBMS will manage and enhance the accessibility and authenticity of consumers to PDS  States shall ensure food security of its people and maintain a real-time accountability to the central control system.  Consumers can have their eyes. Ears and voice to all steps and stages of the PDS in this set of discipline.  Inspectors at each level to check leakages and unfair business.  Informers at consumer level to improve transparency and access
  5. 5. THE INSIGHT TO THE INTITATIVE ( ACTIONS - STEPWISE, STAGEWISE ) STAGES OF PDS PROCUREMENT CENTRAL- STATE STATE- CONSUMER PROCUREMENT: • Encourage small farmers, and their productivity skills. • SMS alerts- Nowadays person from almost every section of the society posses a mobile, so govt can send imp alerts like MSPs, their transaction records. • Access to the producers and register them so that they can be benefitted by the system and may be able to benefit the system. • FCI godowns • TRANSPORTATION • State Stock houses Elements of CENTRAL- STATE Stage
  6. 6. • FCI godowns • TRANSPORTATION • State Stock houses Elements of CENTRAL -STATE Stage CENTRE-STATE STAGE • Appoint engineers and specialists to come up with very strictly disciplined system of stock houses comprising primarily of modern infrastructure and accessorized with storing technology skills. • Mapping of transportation routes • Increment in no. of stockhouses • State should be strictly accountable to the central controlling system, and produce data of facts, status, alongwith the set of programs viz. distribution etc in real time manner, as our proposed system is highly network way connected. • Inspectors and instructors are needed to be recruited with strict criteria to check the leakages, black marketing and to ensure proper storing techniques and control.
  7. 7. Our Proposed PDS system will have the following impacts and advantages: Increased System Transparency and Accountability “The most serious flaw plaguing the system at present is the lack of transparency and accountability in its functioning” • The Complete Online Real time synchronization between the Central and State database will help in making the system more transparent. • There will be full details on the portal of PDS indicating each and every data related to the matter. • Since, each and every step is very transparent, So, the Employees will be accountable for any flaws or malfunctioning. • This will also ensure easy and efficient monitoring of each stage working in the system.
  8. 8. Reduced PDS Leakages “PDS Leakages will be reduced due to the following reasons: • There will be route Mapping of all the Transportation of Food grains from FCI godowns to State godowns. • Due to real time online database, the leakages will be minimized to a large extent. • The Local Community Inspectors will inspect and enquire about every type of leakages. • Online biometric card swapping system will eliminate - • inclusion errors, • exclusion errors, • double counting errors, • Missing household errors and • Shadow ownership error • Also, this will lead to a reduction in the number of bogus cards. • The system will ensure that PDS serves its actual purpose of providing food security to each and every person in INDIA
  9. 9. Good quality of Food grains and reduction in diversion • The local community inspector will inspect for the quality of the food grains • If any FPS is found to be indulging in malpractices, its licence will be cancelled immediately. • The complete online system will reduce diversion to a very large extent. Good Grievance Redressel Mechanism • “The role and sole of our system is COMMON MAN” • There will be a strong grievance redressel committee which will include local members that will identify the grievances and listen and respond to them immediately.
  10. 10. Suvidha card implementation faces following problems in implementation • With implementation of modern computing, chances of hacking increases • Initial cost will increase due to the installation of digital devices at every booth • Chances of malfunctioning or deactivation of consumer account from data base may occur. • Proper firewall with regular updates and regular check-up will decrease the risk factor • Reduction in taxes at different levels • Keeping alternative options will remove the risk factor
  11. 11. policies/SP-Article1-1073245.aspx philippines Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-07 Eleventh Five Year Plan National Food Security Bill 2013 NCERT Economics godowns-overflow/1/252581.html