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Development of the
RCEs
Strategic Directions
2008-2009

A. H. Zakri
Director, UNU-IAS
Ubuntu Committee of Peers for RCEs
(To review RCE applications)

First meeting – December 2006, Paris
   - established review criteria
   - recommended to acknowledge 22 RCEs
Second meeting – August 2007, Penang
   - recommended to acknowledge 13 RCEs
Special arrangement (virtual discussion) – March 2008 -
   recommended to acknowledge 8 RCEs
Third meeting – 17 October 2008 (TBC), Paris
    Call for application – early April 2008
    Deadline for submission – 11 July 2008
12 Acknowledged RCEs
                                             and
                            22 New RCEs Acknowledged by June 2007




                                                                                                                          Greater Sudbury
             Rhine-Meuse
                                                                                                        Saskatchewan
                                                                                                                               Toronto
Barcelona                                           Tongyeong                                                   Grand Rapids
                                                                    Greater Sendai
                           Jordan
                                                                    Yokohama
                                                          Okayama

                                                           Cebu
            Ghana
                           Greater      Penang
                           Nairobi


                                                                                     Pacific Island Countries
                       Kwa-Zuku Natal
                                                                                                                                   Curitiba-Parana
                      Makana & Rural Eastern Cape




                    See next slides for names of RCEs in Asia Pacific and Europe
34 RCEs Acknowledged by early 2007
                                             and
                            13 New RCEs Acknowledged in August 2007



          North East
                    Skane
Ireland                                 Samara                                                     Saskatchewan
                    Graz-Styria                                       Hyogo-Kobe                                                   Montreal
                                                 Kyrgyz Republic                                              Grand Rapids

                                                                                                                     North Texas
Creias-Oeste                   Jordan
                                                                          Chubu
                                                                                                                    Western Jalisco

                Kano
                                                                   Cebu
      Ghana
               Lagos
                                  Greater Nairobi
                                                     Yogyakarta

                                                                                   Pacific Island Countries
                             Kwa-Zulu Natal                                                                                                   Curitiba-Parana
                            Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
47 Previously Acknowledged RCEs
                                          and
                        8 New RCEs acknowledged in March 2008




West
Midlands
                Hamburg and Region
                                                                                               Saskatchewan
                 Nuremburg       Samara
                                                                                                                                Montreal
                                          Kyrgyz Republic                                                 Grand Rapids
                                                                    Yokohama                                      North Texas
                           Jordan
                                                                                                                Western Jalisco
                                                    Cha-am
              Kano                                           Cebu
   Ghana               Greater Mbarara
             Lagos
                            Greater Nairobi
                                              Yogyakarta
                          Zomba
                          Maputo                                               Pacific Island Countries
                          Swaziland                                                                                                    Curitiba-Parana

           Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
~ RCEs in the World ~


                     Skane
    West Midlands
                                                                                                                        Saskatchewan
                       Hamburg
                         Nuremburg            Samara                                                                                                  Montreal
    Ireland
                                                          Kyrgyzstan Beijing Incheon                                            Grand Rapids       Toronto

                                     Jordan                                            Yokohama                                        Greater North Central Texas

                                                                                                                                       West Jalisco
                     Kano                                         Cha-Am
                             Greater Mbarara                                   Cebu
         Ghana      Lagos               Greater Nairobi

                              Zomba

                                                                                                         Pacific
                                     Maputo
                     Swaziland
                                                                                                                                                             Critiba-
                 Makana & Rural Eastern Cape                                                                                                                 Parana




Europe                                                         Asia-Pacific
                                                               Asia-                                               Middle East & Africa               Americas

Sweden                                                         Kyrgyzstan                 India                    Jordan                             Canada
                             Spain
  Skane                                                        Japan                        Guwahati               Nigeria                              Saskatchewan
                              Barcelona
UK                                                               Greater Sendai             Lucknow                  Kano                               Greater Sudbury
                             Portugal
 East Midlands                                                   Yokohama                   Pune                     Lagos                              Montreal
                              Creias-Oeste
 West Midlands                                                   Chubu                      Kodagu                 Ghana                                Toronto
                             Southern North Sea
 North East                                                      Hyogo-Kobe               Philippines              Kenya                              US
                             Austria
Ireland                                                          Okayama                    Cebu                     Greater Nairobi                    Grand Rapids
                              Graz-Styria
Germany                                                          Kitakyushu               Thailand                 Uganda                               North Texas
                             Russia
 Hamburg                                                       Korea                        Cha-Am                   Greater Mbarara                  Mexico
                              Samara
Nuremburg                                                        Incheon                    Trang                  Malawi                               Western Jalisco
Munich                                                           Tongyeong                Malaysia                   Zomba                            Brazil
Netherlands                                                    China                        Penang                 Mozambique                           Curitiba-Parana
 Rhine-Meuse                                                     Beijing                  Indonesia                  Maputo
                                                                 Anji                       Yogyakarta             Swaziland
                                                                                            Bogor                  South Africa
                                                                                          Pacific                    Kwa-Zulu Natal
                                                                                                                     Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
Expectations for the growth of the RCE
community



- Another 15-25 RCEs will be recognised in 2008


- Additional efforts are required for encouraging
   RCEs development in Latin America, Pacific,
   Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Middle East
Addressing concerns & questions
 raised about the RCE initiative
• Why participate?
  What substantial benefits accrue from establishing RCEs?
    Need for RCE case studies, meta analysis of RCEs

• Encouraging good practices?
  How does UNU know that an RCE is truthfully describing its actions?
    Need for establishing a Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) scheme
    Need for safeguarding the RCE initiative and avoiding potential abuse

• Global learning space?
  How can a network of RCEs overcome the challenge of bridging the digital
  divide? How can we involve weak institutions of higher education (IHEs)
  which lack the capacity to engage in RCE efforts?
     Need for capacity building of IHEs and other stakeholders in developing
  countries
Critical look at the RCE initiative as a
recognition scheme
Learning from strategies of similar, high-profile UN
  initiatives/ recognition schemes to attract large
  numbers of applications over the years

  – UNESCO’s World Heritage List: 878 sites
  – The Global Compact (GC) (since July 2000):
    5600 participants, including over 4300
    businesses in 120 countries around the world
    (as of June 2008)
Initial comparison with the World
Heritage List
“RCEs might be identified in a comparable way to
  the monuments on the cultural heritage list. This
  would have the advantage that local/regional
  conditions can be fully taken into account.”

            Hans van Ginkel, 2005, in Preface to the UNU-IAS Report
    Mobilising for Education for Sustainable Development: Towards a
     Global Learning Space Based on Regional Centres of Expertise
Comparison with the World Heritage
List
Similarities                       Differences
  Celebration of local diversity      RCE is not a physical site but a
                                   network
  A clear departure from a ‘best      Rigorous and extensive process of
practice’ approach that aims at    inscribing sites on the World Heritage
spreading ‘universal’ models of    List
conservation practice or ESD          The RCE initiative should be
around the globe                   understood as a UNU mobilization
                                   mechanism to commend high
                                   aspirations and spirits of commitment
                                   to promote ESD on the part of local
                                   actors (not as an official mechanism to
                                   recognize superiority of local practices,
                                   local institutions or the environmental
                                   quality of the local region)
Comparison with the Global Compact
Similarities
  Purely voluntary initiative to promote innovation and good
practices in relation to:
    -Good Corporate Citizenship (GC)
    - ESD (RCE)
   Self-nomination and relatively easy process of obtaining
official recognition
   No binding mechanism to hold participants accountable
to:
    -GC’s ten principles (relating to human rights, working
    conditions, the environment and the fight against corruption)
    -RCE’s ‘four core elements’ (governance, collaboration, R&D,
    transformative education)
GC Strategies for Quality Control

 In October 2006, the GC office started removing
 hundreds of ‘inactive’ companies that did not submit
 reports. De-listing is considered as a necessary measure
 to ‘uphold the value of the good efforts being made by
 the majority of GC participants’.
 Following the recommendations made by the working
 group of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Council,
 GC adopted integrity measures to safeguard the initiative
 and to avoid potential abuse.
 The use of the GC logo is strictly regulated; the same
 restrictions apply to its use as to the general UN logo.
Searching for synergies with other
processes
- ProSPER.Net (Promotion of Sustainability in Postgraduate
   Education & Research Network) - Finding synergies
   among the projects of RCEs and ProSPER.Net
- UNU-IAS – APCEIU (Asia Pacific Centre for Education
   for International Understanding) collaborative
   activities
    Collaboration for developing and publishing training
      materials for education of teacher trainers in the areas
      of ESD and EIU
- UNIDO – Search for collaboration in the area of SPC
- Consortium Evolution – Collaboration with regards to
   youth and climate change at the HEIs
ProSPER.Net Founding Members

Australia: RMIT University
China: Tongji University
India: TERI University
Indonesia: Universitas Gadja Mada
Japan: Hokkaido University; Iwate University; Miyagi
   University of Education; Nagoya University; Okayama
   University; Rikkyo University; Shinshu University;
   University of Tokyo
Malaysia: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Philippines: University of the Philippines
Republic of Korea: Yonsei University
Thailand: Chulalongkorn University
Region (Asia Pacific): Asian Institute of Technology;
   University of South Pacific
ProSPER.Net - Prioritised Joint activities

Thrust 1: Faculty Development, Networking and Mobility

Thrust 2: Student Development, Networking and Mobility

Thrust 3: Curriculum Development and Delivery

Thrust 4: Program Support Development
Initial Prioritised Joint Activities under
ProSPER.Net
Three prioritised joint activities with the Ministry of
  the Environment of Japan support:

- Curriculum development and delivery of the school of
  public policy and SD (TERI University as Lead institution)

- SD integration in business school curricula (AIT as Lead
  institution)

- Training on SD for educators and researchers (USM as
   Lead institution)
Searching for synergies with other
processes
- ProSPER.Net - Finding synergies among the projects
   of RCEs and ProSPER.Net
- UNU-IAS – APCEIU (Asia Pacific Centre for Education
   for International Understanding) collaborative
   activities
    Collaboration for developing and publishing training
      materials for education of teacher trainers in the areas
      of ESD and EIU
- UNIDO – Search for collaboration in the area of SPC
- Consortium Evolution – Collaboration with regards to
   youth and climate change at the HEIs
Development of thematic areas
- Started with interests of the RCEs to collaborate
- Meeting in Yokohama in 2006 – more than 30 potential
   areas for thematic collaboration
- Individual RCEs are seen as leaders
- Result – 6 working groups in Barcelona in 2008
   Sustainable Production & Consumption, emphasis on food
   Youth
   Health
   Teacher training
   Biodiversity
   E-learning
   (Climate change)
Thematic area – Health and ESD
- Leadership of RCE Penang, meeting in Kota Bharu
- In collaboration with UNU-IAS and UNU-IIGH
- Identified two collaborative areas –
   - development capacity of the communities to deal with health issues and
   - development of capacity of medical professionals to work with the
      communities in the light of SD challenges
- Participated by:
   Asia: RCE Cebu, RCE Yokohama, RCE Penang, RCE candidate Kota
      Bharu, RCE Jogyakarta, RCE Kodagu
   Europe: RCE candidate Copenhagen
   Africa: RCE Greater Nairobi, RCE KwaZulu Natal, RCE Makana and
      Rural Eastern Cape
Thematic areas – Second wave of
 mobilisation
- RCEs begin their activities in, possibly, limited number of ESD
   areas
- Collaboration around thematic areas will engage those previously
   not engaged in RCEs.
- Thematic priorities might give a broader opportunity for initiating
   more rigorous research.
- Opportunities for the universities in the RCEs to engage in the
   international research projects
- Engagement with international and national organisations

  Engagement of additional stakeholders and specifying a
  thematic focus should not lead to compartmentalisation of
  the RCE activities
Continental collaborations

- Potential similarities in context

- Potential opportunities for fundraising

- Often easier to interact (time zones, languages, etc.)

- Emerging continental networks
       - Europe
       - North America (Americas)
       - Southern Africa (Africa)
       (- Asia Pacific)
Communication


Mobilisation stage – “Join the RCE community”

  From 2005




                From 2007


    Communication stage – Exchange of experiences and
    collaborative alliances (Bulletin, Books, Reporting, Portfolio of
    projects and Flagship projects of the RCEs)
Reporting

- April 2006 Yokohama - 10 RCEs
- August 2007 Penang - 35 RCEs
- July 2008 Barcelona - 55 RCEs
- Useful for understanding needs and opportunities for
   engagement
- Value will be increased when used together with the
   Projects Portfolio and Flagship projects of the RCEs
   (submitted by only a few RCEs)
RCE (Self) Evaluation

Philosophy
 - Aimed at empowering the RCE stakeholders
 - Participatory
 - Space for stakeholders’ reflections
Progress
 - November 2007 – beginning of the project
 - Piloted by three RCEs (RCE Chubu,RCE Kuwa Zulu
   Natal, RCE Rhine-Meuse)
 - Working Group on Evaluation to be formed
 - Plan to continue after critical discussions

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RCE Strategic Directions 2008-2009

  • 1. Development of the RCEs Strategic Directions 2008-2009 A. H. Zakri Director, UNU-IAS
  • 2. Ubuntu Committee of Peers for RCEs (To review RCE applications) First meeting – December 2006, Paris - established review criteria - recommended to acknowledge 22 RCEs Second meeting – August 2007, Penang - recommended to acknowledge 13 RCEs Special arrangement (virtual discussion) – March 2008 - recommended to acknowledge 8 RCEs Third meeting – 17 October 2008 (TBC), Paris Call for application – early April 2008 Deadline for submission – 11 July 2008
  • 3. 12 Acknowledged RCEs and 22 New RCEs Acknowledged by June 2007 Greater Sudbury Rhine-Meuse Saskatchewan Toronto Barcelona Tongyeong Grand Rapids Greater Sendai Jordan Yokohama Okayama Cebu Ghana Greater Penang Nairobi Pacific Island Countries Kwa-Zuku Natal Curitiba-Parana Makana & Rural Eastern Cape See next slides for names of RCEs in Asia Pacific and Europe
  • 4. 34 RCEs Acknowledged by early 2007 and 13 New RCEs Acknowledged in August 2007 North East Skane Ireland Samara Saskatchewan Graz-Styria Hyogo-Kobe Montreal Kyrgyz Republic Grand Rapids North Texas Creias-Oeste Jordan Chubu Western Jalisco Kano Cebu Ghana Lagos Greater Nairobi Yogyakarta Pacific Island Countries Kwa-Zulu Natal Curitiba-Parana Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
  • 5. 47 Previously Acknowledged RCEs and 8 New RCEs acknowledged in March 2008 West Midlands Hamburg and Region Saskatchewan Nuremburg Samara Montreal Kyrgyz Republic Grand Rapids Yokohama North Texas Jordan Western Jalisco Cha-am Kano Cebu Ghana Greater Mbarara Lagos Greater Nairobi Yogyakarta Zomba Maputo Pacific Island Countries Swaziland Curitiba-Parana Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
  • 6. ~ RCEs in the World ~ Skane West Midlands Saskatchewan Hamburg Nuremburg Samara Montreal Ireland Kyrgyzstan Beijing Incheon Grand Rapids Toronto Jordan Yokohama Greater North Central Texas West Jalisco Kano Cha-Am Greater Mbarara Cebu Ghana Lagos Greater Nairobi Zomba Pacific Maputo Swaziland Critiba- Makana & Rural Eastern Cape Parana Europe Asia-Pacific Asia- Middle East & Africa Americas Sweden Kyrgyzstan India Jordan Canada Spain Skane Japan Guwahati Nigeria Saskatchewan Barcelona UK Greater Sendai Lucknow Kano Greater Sudbury Portugal East Midlands Yokohama Pune Lagos Montreal Creias-Oeste West Midlands Chubu Kodagu Ghana Toronto Southern North Sea North East Hyogo-Kobe Philippines Kenya US Austria Ireland Okayama Cebu Greater Nairobi Grand Rapids Graz-Styria Germany Kitakyushu Thailand Uganda North Texas Russia Hamburg Korea Cha-Am Greater Mbarara Mexico Samara Nuremburg Incheon Trang Malawi Western Jalisco Munich Tongyeong Malaysia Zomba Brazil Netherlands China Penang Mozambique Curitiba-Parana Rhine-Meuse Beijing Indonesia Maputo Anji Yogyakarta Swaziland Bogor South Africa Pacific Kwa-Zulu Natal Makana & Rural Eastern Cape
  • 7. Expectations for the growth of the RCE community - Another 15-25 RCEs will be recognised in 2008 - Additional efforts are required for encouraging RCEs development in Latin America, Pacific, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Middle East
  • 8. Addressing concerns & questions raised about the RCE initiative • Why participate? What substantial benefits accrue from establishing RCEs? Need for RCE case studies, meta analysis of RCEs • Encouraging good practices? How does UNU know that an RCE is truthfully describing its actions? Need for establishing a Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) scheme Need for safeguarding the RCE initiative and avoiding potential abuse • Global learning space? How can a network of RCEs overcome the challenge of bridging the digital divide? How can we involve weak institutions of higher education (IHEs) which lack the capacity to engage in RCE efforts? Need for capacity building of IHEs and other stakeholders in developing countries
  • 9. Critical look at the RCE initiative as a recognition scheme Learning from strategies of similar, high-profile UN initiatives/ recognition schemes to attract large numbers of applications over the years – UNESCO’s World Heritage List: 878 sites – The Global Compact (GC) (since July 2000): 5600 participants, including over 4300 businesses in 120 countries around the world (as of June 2008)
  • 10. Initial comparison with the World Heritage List “RCEs might be identified in a comparable way to the monuments on the cultural heritage list. This would have the advantage that local/regional conditions can be fully taken into account.” Hans van Ginkel, 2005, in Preface to the UNU-IAS Report Mobilising for Education for Sustainable Development: Towards a Global Learning Space Based on Regional Centres of Expertise
  • 11. Comparison with the World Heritage List Similarities Differences Celebration of local diversity RCE is not a physical site but a network A clear departure from a ‘best Rigorous and extensive process of practice’ approach that aims at inscribing sites on the World Heritage spreading ‘universal’ models of List conservation practice or ESD The RCE initiative should be around the globe understood as a UNU mobilization mechanism to commend high aspirations and spirits of commitment to promote ESD on the part of local actors (not as an official mechanism to recognize superiority of local practices, local institutions or the environmental quality of the local region)
  • 12. Comparison with the Global Compact Similarities Purely voluntary initiative to promote innovation and good practices in relation to: -Good Corporate Citizenship (GC) - ESD (RCE) Self-nomination and relatively easy process of obtaining official recognition No binding mechanism to hold participants accountable to: -GC’s ten principles (relating to human rights, working conditions, the environment and the fight against corruption) -RCE’s ‘four core elements’ (governance, collaboration, R&D, transformative education)
  • 13. GC Strategies for Quality Control In October 2006, the GC office started removing hundreds of ‘inactive’ companies that did not submit reports. De-listing is considered as a necessary measure to ‘uphold the value of the good efforts being made by the majority of GC participants’. Following the recommendations made by the working group of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Council, GC adopted integrity measures to safeguard the initiative and to avoid potential abuse. The use of the GC logo is strictly regulated; the same restrictions apply to its use as to the general UN logo.
  • 14. Searching for synergies with other processes - ProSPER.Net (Promotion of Sustainability in Postgraduate Education & Research Network) - Finding synergies among the projects of RCEs and ProSPER.Net - UNU-IAS – APCEIU (Asia Pacific Centre for Education for International Understanding) collaborative activities Collaboration for developing and publishing training materials for education of teacher trainers in the areas of ESD and EIU - UNIDO – Search for collaboration in the area of SPC - Consortium Evolution – Collaboration with regards to youth and climate change at the HEIs
  • 15. ProSPER.Net Founding Members Australia: RMIT University China: Tongji University India: TERI University Indonesia: Universitas Gadja Mada Japan: Hokkaido University; Iwate University; Miyagi University of Education; Nagoya University; Okayama University; Rikkyo University; Shinshu University; University of Tokyo Malaysia: Universiti Sains Malaysia Philippines: University of the Philippines Republic of Korea: Yonsei University Thailand: Chulalongkorn University Region (Asia Pacific): Asian Institute of Technology; University of South Pacific
  • 16. ProSPER.Net - Prioritised Joint activities Thrust 1: Faculty Development, Networking and Mobility Thrust 2: Student Development, Networking and Mobility Thrust 3: Curriculum Development and Delivery Thrust 4: Program Support Development
  • 17. Initial Prioritised Joint Activities under ProSPER.Net Three prioritised joint activities with the Ministry of the Environment of Japan support: - Curriculum development and delivery of the school of public policy and SD (TERI University as Lead institution) - SD integration in business school curricula (AIT as Lead institution) - Training on SD for educators and researchers (USM as Lead institution)
  • 18. Searching for synergies with other processes - ProSPER.Net - Finding synergies among the projects of RCEs and ProSPER.Net - UNU-IAS – APCEIU (Asia Pacific Centre for Education for International Understanding) collaborative activities Collaboration for developing and publishing training materials for education of teacher trainers in the areas of ESD and EIU - UNIDO – Search for collaboration in the area of SPC - Consortium Evolution – Collaboration with regards to youth and climate change at the HEIs
  • 19. Development of thematic areas - Started with interests of the RCEs to collaborate - Meeting in Yokohama in 2006 – more than 30 potential areas for thematic collaboration - Individual RCEs are seen as leaders - Result – 6 working groups in Barcelona in 2008 Sustainable Production & Consumption, emphasis on food Youth Health Teacher training Biodiversity E-learning (Climate change)
  • 20. Thematic area – Health and ESD - Leadership of RCE Penang, meeting in Kota Bharu - In collaboration with UNU-IAS and UNU-IIGH - Identified two collaborative areas – - development capacity of the communities to deal with health issues and - development of capacity of medical professionals to work with the communities in the light of SD challenges - Participated by: Asia: RCE Cebu, RCE Yokohama, RCE Penang, RCE candidate Kota Bharu, RCE Jogyakarta, RCE Kodagu Europe: RCE candidate Copenhagen Africa: RCE Greater Nairobi, RCE KwaZulu Natal, RCE Makana and Rural Eastern Cape
  • 21. Thematic areas – Second wave of mobilisation - RCEs begin their activities in, possibly, limited number of ESD areas - Collaboration around thematic areas will engage those previously not engaged in RCEs. - Thematic priorities might give a broader opportunity for initiating more rigorous research. - Opportunities for the universities in the RCEs to engage in the international research projects - Engagement with international and national organisations Engagement of additional stakeholders and specifying a thematic focus should not lead to compartmentalisation of the RCE activities
  • 22. Continental collaborations - Potential similarities in context - Potential opportunities for fundraising - Often easier to interact (time zones, languages, etc.) - Emerging continental networks - Europe - North America (Americas) - Southern Africa (Africa) (- Asia Pacific)
  • 23. Communication Mobilisation stage – “Join the RCE community” From 2005 From 2007 Communication stage – Exchange of experiences and collaborative alliances (Bulletin, Books, Reporting, Portfolio of projects and Flagship projects of the RCEs)
  • 24. Reporting - April 2006 Yokohama - 10 RCEs - August 2007 Penang - 35 RCEs - July 2008 Barcelona - 55 RCEs - Useful for understanding needs and opportunities for engagement - Value will be increased when used together with the Projects Portfolio and Flagship projects of the RCEs (submitted by only a few RCEs)
  • 25. RCE (Self) Evaluation Philosophy - Aimed at empowering the RCE stakeholders - Participatory - Space for stakeholders’ reflections Progress - November 2007 – beginning of the project - Piloted by three RCEs (RCE Chubu,RCE Kuwa Zulu Natal, RCE Rhine-Meuse) - Working Group on Evaluation to be formed - Plan to continue after critical discussions