The Camp Was One of the Most Important Things to the Roman Arm y You Mean Army... Oh... Right... Very Good Thanks
The Roman Camp <ul><li>"Your forefathers, before thinking of anything else, used to see that their camp was completed. Only then would they leave it to go into battle; if defeated, they had a haven to retire to. They left a strong garrison behind when they went out to fight, for a general whose camp was destroyed was defeated in the eyes of his men even if he was victor on the field. </li></ul><ul><li>"Camps are the strength of the victorious, the refuge of the defeated. How many of our armies, facing defeat in the open, have retreated to their camp, and from there, at just the right moment, made an irresistible sally to overthrow the enemy. The camp is your second home. A tent is a soldier's home, a soldier's breath." </li></ul>as: Military Technique Paulus Emilius
<ul><li>When pitching Camp every person knew exactly what to do. </li></ul><ul><li>As part of their military training, they practiced putting up the camps on the Field of Mars on the left bank of the Tiber River. </li></ul><ul><li>A Roman Camp was always pitched to an exact set model. </li></ul><ul><li>A single Camp would hold 16,800 Men, and 1,800 Horses. </li></ul>
A Stone Wall was only errected if the fort was to be made permanent) A Ditch (Fossa) would be dug all around the camp and the dirt would be thrown up to form an Embankment (Agger) on which Wooden Stakes (Valli) would be placed to form a Vallum. A Stone Wall was only erected if the fort was to be made permanent)
I'm Not To Scale... Just Thought You Should Know...
The Camp was divided unevenly by a road called the Via Principalis
In the center was the Generals Tent (Praetorium) To the left of the Praetorium was the Quaestorium, the Tent of the Quaestor ( Financial Supervisor) And to the right of the Praetorium was the Forum Just above the Praetorium were the tents of the twelve Tribuni and the Praefecti Sciorum (The commanders of the allies)
On either sides of the Praetorium are the General's Staff, including the Legati (Deputy General), and the Praetoria Cohors (Body Guards) There was also the: Extraordinarii Equites Extraordinarii Pedites And Occasional Auxiliaries (Non-Roman Soldiers)
The upper portion of the camp was divided equally by the Via Quintana, Which was 50 ft wide Each of these compartments was 500 ft long, and divided into 10 spaces. There were 6 compartments above the via, and 6 below The whole Camp was surrounded by 200 ft. of free space giving the soldiers plenty of space.
10,000 square feet for the Equites of the legion, each containing a turma of 30 men and horses 5,000 square feet for the Triarii of the legion, each containing a manipulus of 60 men 10,000 square feet for the Principes of the legion, each containing two manipuli 10,000 square feet for the Hastati of the legion, each containing two manipuli 13,300 square feet for Quites Sociorum, each containing 40 men and horses 20,000 square feet for the Pedites Sociorum, each containing 240 men. (Each tent faced the via that made its boundaries)
At each gate were a group of velites (light infantry), called custodes, to prevent a surprise attack. Stationes where stationed in all four directions to alert of any attack. Sentinels (excubiae) kept guard along the ramparts
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