A drop of water

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A drop of water

  1. 1. A Drop of Waterand Blood Spillage<br />ZulfadhliNasution<br />Poster Presentation<br />Asia – Pacific Forum: Youth Action on Climate Change<br />Bangkok, 24th January 2010<br />
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  3. 3. Background<br />The essentiality of water for human life and all of universe elements<br />Climate change is bringing us into water scarcity<br />If it is combined with the poor government and rivalries ethnic, a drop of water can spark the blood spillage<br />
  4. 4. Researches<br />Climate change causes water crisis among 1,9 billions world people, particularly in developing countries<br />The worst impact is going to be in Asia and Africa regions. Approximately 130 millions of Asian will be trapped in water scarcity in 2050. In 2080, 180 millions African also will get the same impact.<br />(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)<br />
  5. 5. Researches<br />40% of the world’s people live in river or lake basins that cross over one or more international borders.<br />From the 200 biggest water systems in the world, 150 of them are used by two nations, and the others 50 are shared by between three and ten countries.<br />(Max Ajl, Solve Climate News, 2009)<br />
  6. 6. Researches<br />Competition over dwindling or degraded natural resources can increase the risks of conflict and war.<br />Although most conflicts are not directly related to natural resources, stresses on natural ecosystem services can lead to competition between population groups over, for example, freshwater supplies or fertile agricultural land. Combined with factors such as poor governance and ethnic rivalries, such competition can inflame tensions into conflict.<br />(WHO Report, refers to Sudan post-conflictenvironmentalassessment. Nairobi, United Nations Environment Programme, 2007)<br />
  7. 7. Cases<br />Indonesia:<br />Cali Rahman irrigates his rice field with water from a secondary canal. But during a long dry season, when the water volume in the main canal is very low, he runs short. Farmers in the upstream areas have taken too much water, leaving very little for the farmers downstream. As a result, he and his neighbours have to pump groundwater which, aside from being expensive because of fuel costs, is increasingly being contaminated by the intrusion of seawater.<br />This water scarcity for rice field irrigation has triggered panic and water disputes.<br />(UNDP Indonesia, 2007)<br />
  8. 8. Cases<br />Central Asia: Above-average warming and glacial retreat will exacerbate the water, agricultural and distributional problems in a region which is already characterized by political and social tensions, civil war (Tajikistan) and conflicts over access to water and energy resources.<br />(UNEP, 2007)<br />
  9. 9. Cases<br />India, Pakistan, Bangladesh: The impacts of climate change will be especially severe in this region: glacial retreat in the Himalayas will jeopardize the water supply for millions of people, changes to the annual monsoon will affect agriculture, and sea-level rise and cyclones will threaten human settlements around the populous Bay of Bengal.<br />These dynamics will increase the social crisis potential in a region which is already characterized by cross-border conflicts (India/Pakistan), unstable governments (Bangladesh/Pakistan)<br />(UNEP, 2007)<br />
  10. 10. Cases<br />China: Climate change will intensify the existing environmental stress (e.g. air and water pollution, soil degradation) due to the increase in heat waves and droughts, which will worsen desertification and water scarcity in some parts of the country.<br />(UNEP, 2007)<br />

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