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  1. 1. Cultural Heritage and Climate Change Patcharawee Tunprawat Specialist in Cultural Heritage Management SEAMEO-SPAFA
  2. 2. Activity 1 <ul><li>Look at the museum object given to your group and discuss the following points: </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>How was it made? </li></ul><ul><li>What and who are needed to create it? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Look Kuang, Lao Song Ethnic
  4. 4. Terracotta Buffalo, Dan Kwien
  5. 5. Wooden Man, India
  6. 6. Nang Kwak Amulet, Thailand
  7. 7. Roman Lamp
  8. 8. Wooden Warrior
  9. 9. Persian Manuscripts
  10. 10. Bayon Temple
  11. 11. Cultural Heritage <ul><li>Components of Cultural Heritage: </li></ul><ul><li>Materials / Cultural Expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cultural Heritage <ul><li>Tangible Heritage </li></ul>Monuments, historic buildings, archaeological sites, collections, archives
  13. 13. Cultural Heritage <ul><li>Intangible Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional knowledge, wisdom, ways of life, rituals, cultural practices, performances </li></ul>
  14. 14. Living Heritage
  15. 15. Living Heritage Herbal medicine doctor teaching students on the benefits of different herbs.
  16. 16. <ul><li>Balanced Conditions </li></ul>Happy Heritage Traditional Materials Traditional Knowledge Traditional Community Suitable soil chemistry and biological components Suitable and Stable Climate e.g. temperature, moisture, UV rays
  17. 17. <ul><li>Imbalanced Conditions </li></ul>Sad Heritage
  18. 18. 4,500 year-old male skeleton at the Ban Natong prehistoric cave site in the North of Thailand
  19. 19. <ul><li>Climate Change is directly affecting the world’s cultural heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change is acknowledged by world organizations dealing with heritage management e.g. UNESCO, ICOMOS, Getty Conservation Institute, and ICCROM as one of the most real threats that heritage is facing. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>SPAFA published a journal on Impact of the Cyclone Nargis on Cultural Heritage Monuments in Myanmar. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage <ul><li>Physical Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Impact: Storm, flooding, erosion of coastal areas, melting permafrost, landslides, extreme precipitations, desertification </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Impact: Moisture, vegetation, salt crystallization, pest, biological effects, scarcity of traditional materials </li></ul>
  22. 22. Flooding
  23. 23. Coastal Erosion
  24. 24. Salt Crystallization and Dissolution
  25. 25. Lichen
  26. 26. Termites/ Pest
  27. 27. <ul><li>100 places to remember </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  28. 28. Ban Hueng Klang Village, Sekong, Lao PDR ICCROM – SPAFA – Department of Heritage, Lao PDR
  29. 30. <ul><li>In the 3rd lunar month of every year the Talieng hold a 7-day ceremony where prayer is held for all Talieng ancestors. Buffaloes are sacrificed in front of the communal village house.  </li></ul><ul><li>23,000 Talieng people live in southeastern Laos in remote mountainous areas of Sekong and Attapu provinces, near the border with Vietnam. </li></ul>The Talieng (Trieng) Tribe
  30. 31. Communal House 50-60 years old Ban Hueng Klang River
  31. 42. One day after: Tropical Storm Ketsana, 2009
  32. 43. Documentation of the Village’s Settlement Pattern
  33. 44. What is left of the village.
  34. 45. Model of the Village Hall
  35. 46. Cultural Impact <ul><li>Migration of traditional communities </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation causing loss of traditional practices and changing ways of life </li></ul>Change of environment (e.g. climate, vegetation, food etc.) Loss of Cultural Memory
  36. 47. <ul><li>For the first time in history, climate change makes conservators rethink conservation. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not possible to conserve everything and to conserve forever. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity of knowledge and traditional communities </li></ul>
  37. 48. Kaewwanna Living Indigo Museum
  38. 50. <ul><li>Learning about Moh Hom, a traditional way of life </li></ul>
  39. 51. Cooking local dishes
  40. 52. <ul><li>เที่ยวบ้านเก่า เข้าใจภูมิปัญญา </li></ul>Visiting old houses
  41. 53. Roleplaying and Puppet-making
  42. 54. Interconnectedness