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  1. 1. PROF Hornung is my dad. MRS Hornung is my mom. I’m ERICA. Hi! How to get in touch… email: Text me! 310.770.8531 Reel and Resume Book IMDB YouTube LinkedIn (notice how FaceBook isn’t on here?) LET ME INTRODUCE MYSELF
  2. 2. • Syllabus • Help me help you • Fill out survey • Classroom policies • Sample rubric • Quizzes • Homework • In-class COURSE POLICIES
  3. 3. The retention of an image on the retina after the object has moved. When you look at an object, an image of the object is projected on the retina ( back inner wall) of your eyes. Even if the object is moved or removed, its image its image remains on the retina for a fraction of a second. This is called persistence of vision. ance-of-vision-coins/ PERSISTENCE OF VISION
  4. 4. Evidence of artistic interest in depicting figures in motion can be seen as early as the still drawings of Paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple sets of legs in superimposed positions, clearly attempting to convey the perception of motion. Egyptian burial chamber mural, ca. 4000 years old. PRECURSORS TO ANIMATION
  5. 5. A zoetrope is a device that produces an illusion of action from a rapid succession of static pictures. The term zoetrope is from the Greek words "zoe", "life" and τρόπος - tropos, "turn". It may be taken to mean "wheel of life". See animated examples here: .html Zoetrope. (2011, July 10). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:43, July 12, 2011, from 38730958 ZOETROPE (180 AD; 1834)
  7. 7. A thaumatrope was a simple toy used in the Victorian era. A thaumatrope is a small circular disk or card with two different pictures on each side that was attached to a piece of string or a pair of strings running through the centre. When the string is twirled quickly between the fingers, the two pictures appear to combine into a single image. THAUMATROPE (1824)
  8. 8. The phenakistoscope was an early animation device, the predecessor of the zoetrope. It was invented in 1831 simultaneously by the Belgian Joseph Plateau and the Austrian Simon von Stampfer. _3g07690b.gif PHENAKISTOSCOPE (1831)
  9. 9. Flip books are essentially a primitive form of animation. Like motion pictures, they rely on persistence of vision to create the illusion that continuous motion is being seen rather than a series of discontinuous images being exchanged in succession. Rather than "reading" left to right, a viewer simply stares at the same location of the pictures in the flip book as the pages turn. The book must also be flipped with enough speed for the illusion to work, so the standard way to "read" a flip book is to hold the book with one hand and flip through its pages with the thumb of the other hand. The German word for flip book—Daumenkino, literally "thumb cinema"—reflects this process. FLIP BOOK (1868)
  10. 10. The praxinoscope, invented by French scientist Charles-Émile Reynaud, was a more sophisticated version of the zoetrope. It used the same basic mechanism of a strip of images placed on the inside of a spinning cylinder, but instead of viewing it through slits, it was viewed in a series of small, stationary mirrors around the inside of the cylinder, so that the animation would stay in place, and provide a clearer image and better quality. Reynaud also developed a larger version of the praxinoscope that could be projected onto a screen, called the Théâtre Optique. PRAXINOSCOPE (1877)