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Ekiti State Solid Minerals Presentation


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Ekiti State Solid Minerals Presentation

  2. 2. <ul><li>Ekiti State, South-West Nigeria,- created 1 st of October 1996 by General Sanni Abacha out of Ondo –State. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographically, the state is only on upland zone, rising over 250 meters above sea level. It lies on an area underlain by metamorphic rocks, such rocks out-crops exist at Aramoko, Efon-Alaaye, Ikere, Igbara-Odo and Okemesi. </li></ul><ul><li>Ekiti State - naturally endowed with numerous natural resources and potentially rich in mineral deposits which include granite, kaolin, columbite, charnockite, iron-ore, barite, aquamarine, gemstone, phosphate, limestone to mention a few. </li></ul>INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. SOLID MINERALS IN EKITI STATE Town Local Govt. Area Type of Mineral Uses Isan-Ekiti Oye Clay, Kaolin Abrasive, Plastics,Ceramics ware, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Fertilizers, White tiles, Insulator Wares Pencils. Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Cassiterite, Tin Ore Tin Plating, tin can Production, Alloys Culisoprintins and dying Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Columbite Special Steels, Electronic tube,filaments in rocket and air craft manufacture Orin-Ekiti Ido/Osi Bauxite (Alluminium Ore) Alluminium Production Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Foundry Sand Foundry, Ceramic manufacture of glass ware, ceramic Ikere Ekiti Ikere Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Emure-Ekiti Emure/Ise/Orun Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Ado-Ekiti Ado-Ekiti Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate Aramoko-Ekiti Ekiti West Charconite Granite Stone cutting and Polishing road aggregate
  4. 4. CURRENT STATE OF EXPLOITATION IN EKITI STATE <ul><li>The current state of mining activity in Ekiti is the same bedeviling the entire mining industry in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>State of Mining in Ekiti State. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artisanal , Small Scale and Illegal miners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisations with Legal Exploration Licences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defunct Ire Brick company/ abandoned exploitation of clay . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small scale granite quarries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unallocated mineral deposit blocks. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. TRIPARTITE RELATIONSHIP STAKEHOLDERS ROLES EXPECTATIONS GOVERNMENT Conducive biz environment, facilitate site entry, conflict resolution Employment, community dev. , taxable income – return on equity. INVESTORS Investment, employment, income, CSR, long term relationship Undisturbed operations, returns on investment, govt. protection security of assets INDIGENES -Peaceful exploitation, security of investment, friendly community Employment, income, ancillary businesses, community development
  7. 7. <ul><li>Have Solid Minerals Development Agency backed by Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase global awareness about solid minerals in Ekiti State -Ekiti State Solid Minerals Map on the web . –Nigerian Geological Survey Agency or – 2006 Geological & Mineral Map of Ekiti. </li></ul><ul><li>Take stock of existing exploitation of minerals in the state by artisanal, small scale and illegal miners , with aim to register, organise, control and normalise the mining activities with the Mining Cadastre Office in Abuja and resolution of overlaps with existing Licences and Leases. </li></ul><ul><li>Take stock of existing Exploration Licences , Quarry and Small Scale Mining Leases in the state – stage of development programs, dormant and lapsed licences by liaising with Ministry, NGSA and Mining Cadastre Office, with the aim to take stock , dialogue , encourage and provide enabling environment to fast track their work programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify unallocated mineral deposit blocks with the aim of encouraging investors to apply and develop some of the solid minerals blocks. </li></ul>STRATEGIES / ACTION PLANS.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Organization of illegal miners into cooperative societies/associations/ identifiable manageable units -access incentives/training programs /funding - State, FGN , NGOs , DFIDs, etc. >200 SSM Leases already granted e.g. Sokoto Women Miners Cooperative – Gypsum, Irrigwe Women Cooperative Mining Society –Jos, </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate, engage, encourage and provide enabling investment environment for the existing exploration license owners to start preliminary survey and commercial exploitation activities in Ekiti State. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate and promote investments and exploration activities through various integrated programmes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ekiti Investment Development Company Ltd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ekiti Chambers of Commerce (Solid Minerals Section) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ekiti Economic Development Summit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interface with various Ekiti Socio/Economic Associations Worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify and focus on 3 solid minerals that will be immediate attention of the government programs – Granite , Gemstones , Clay etc and ensure value added processing process apart from exploitation. </li></ul><ul><li>State/Investment unit to run integrated pilot schemes either as venture capital , PPI , or collaborative financing schemes, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Research /experiences in Brazil, Ghana, Namibia, etc have shown that small-scale mining projects are key to both rural and economic development of a nation. Therefore Ekiti State must lay key emphasis on developing these groups along with Large Scale Miners/Investors. </li></ul><ul><li>To organise and regulate . Key issues to look at. </li></ul><ul><li>Delineate and define mineral potentials suitable for ASM exploitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish and resource a department to focus on ASM activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage formation of ASM association and societies and assist in obtaining Mining Title Leases from the Mining Cadastre Office. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage collaborative partnerships between EL/Large miners and ASMs. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in accessing various funds to promote and develop their activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension services /Training / Collaboration with Technical Colleges /Polytechnics and Universities in the State . </li></ul>ARTISANAL SMALL SCALE MINING - KEY TO SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  10. 10. <ul><li>Ensure ASM operations are environmentally and technically sound. </li></ul><ul><li>There should be no conflict between small miners and local communities and no degradation of traditional values. </li></ul><ul><li>Exploitation should concentrate on products with high recovery values and systematically develop these deposits. </li></ul><ul><li>There should be continuous operation over a longer period of time. Business management trainings and extension supports. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist to develop effective marketing system for the ASM </li></ul><ul><li>Define relevant and consistent HSE practices </li></ul><ul><li>Establish appropriate and realistic environment protection practices.   </li></ul><ul><li>In conclusion , given the great importance of the workforce (employment)of ASM in the rural context, the potential for a beneficial contribution of ASM to sustainable development of the state in conjunction with other agro allied and small scale industries will be very high. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SOLD MINERAL EXAMPLE - CLAY <ul><li>Below are some of the clay related products available: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bricks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paving, industrial and domestic tiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial and domestic roofing tiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand-made clay roof tiles, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>BRICK MAKING MACHINE FROM HYDRAFORM AFRICA PTY LTD </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 14. FIGURE 4: Typical house and floor tiles made of fired Clay bricks
  14. 15. FIGURE 5: Hand-made roof tiles and flower vases made of Clay
  15. 16. <ul><li>I n order to create steady and sustainable development in both the small and large scale mining sector, in a way that contributes to rural development and integrated into the formal economy, Ekiti State government needs to develop a consistent policy to support and promote the mining sector. </li></ul><ul><li>The State Government Policy should meet these objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Demand-oriented extension services (legal, organizational, economic and technical) for the sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive and financial support schemes for legal ASM operations (including equipment leases, assistance in accessing various funds, technical assistances, training, marketing support – buyers credits, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>The integration of all relevant government institutions into the sector policy implementation (finance ministry, mining ministry, social issue authorities, provincial and local administration). </li></ul>CONCLUSION
  16. 17. <ul><li>A transparent and appropriate legal framework. </li></ul><ul><li>Strict control of compliance with the legal framework and sanctions against infractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Support and provision of conducive investment environment for large scale private sector miners and protection of investment . </li></ul><ul><li>IRE EKITI A SOJU WA O. </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU. </li></ul>