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Educational Change and Development
Level: MPhil/MS
Dr. Hafiz Kosar
Topic: Educational Models of Change
Topic: Educational Models of Change
These models provide a systematic approach to understanding, planning, and executing changes
to improve educational practices, curriculum, policies, or organizational structures. Different
models may emphasize various aspects of the change process, but many shares common elements.
Here are some well-known educational models of change:
1. Lewin's Three Step Model:
• Unfreeze: This stage involves creating awareness about the need for change and
breaking down existing structures or attitudes.
• Change: Implement the actual changes required.
• Refreeze: Stabilize the changes and make them part of the organization's culture.
2. Kotter's Eight Step Model:
• Create Urgency: Establish the need for change.
• Build a Guiding Coalition: Form a team to lead the change effort.
• Form a Strategic Vision and Initiatives: Develop a clear vision and plan for change.
• Enlist a Volunteer Army: Mobilize individuals to support the change.
• Enable Action by Removing Barriers: Remove obstacles hindering the change.
• Generate Short Term Wins: Achieve early successes to build momentum.
• Sustain Acceleration: Continue driving the change forward.
• Institute Change: Make the change part of the organization's culture.
3. Fullan's Model:
• Moral Purpose: Develop a clear understanding of why the change is necessary.
• Understanding Change: Explore the nature of the change and its impact.
• Building Relationships and Cultures: Foster collaboration and a positive culture.
• Knowledge Building and Sharing: Ensure the necessary knowledge is available
and shared.
• Innovation Configuration: Implement the change systematically.
• Systemic Change: Scale up the change across the entire system.
4. Rogers' Diffusion of Innovations:
• Innovation: The new idea, practice, or technology being introduced.
• Communication Channels: The means by which the innovation is
communicated.
• Time: The rate at which the innovation is adopted.
• Social System: The individuals and groups involved in the change.
• Extent of Adoption: The degree to which the innovation is adopted.
5. Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM):
• Stages of Concern: Individuals progress through stages of concern about a
change.
• Levels of Use: The extent to which individuals are using the new practices.
• Innovation Configurations: The specific components of the change being
implemented.
• Change Facilitators: People who support others through the change
process.
6. Action Research Model:
• Identify a Problem or Area for Improvement: Determine the need for
change.
• Collect Data: Gather information related to the identified problem.
• Implement a Solution: Introduce and test a solution.
• Evaluate the Results: Assess the effectiveness of the solution.
• Reflect on the Process: Reflect on the entire action research cycle and plan
for further improvements.
Thank You
hafeezkausar.hashmi@gmail.com
https://www.facebook.com/kausar0791
https://www.linkedin.com/in/dr-hafiz-kosar-284484186/
+92-314-3205571

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Models of Change.pptx

  • 1. Educational Change and Development Level: MPhil/MS Dr. Hafiz Kosar Topic: Educational Models of Change
  • 2. Topic: Educational Models of Change These models provide a systematic approach to understanding, planning, and executing changes to improve educational practices, curriculum, policies, or organizational structures. Different models may emphasize various aspects of the change process, but many shares common elements. Here are some well-known educational models of change: 1. Lewin's Three Step Model: • Unfreeze: This stage involves creating awareness about the need for change and breaking down existing structures or attitudes. • Change: Implement the actual changes required. • Refreeze: Stabilize the changes and make them part of the organization's culture.
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  • 4. 2. Kotter's Eight Step Model: • Create Urgency: Establish the need for change. • Build a Guiding Coalition: Form a team to lead the change effort. • Form a Strategic Vision and Initiatives: Develop a clear vision and plan for change. • Enlist a Volunteer Army: Mobilize individuals to support the change. • Enable Action by Removing Barriers: Remove obstacles hindering the change. • Generate Short Term Wins: Achieve early successes to build momentum. • Sustain Acceleration: Continue driving the change forward. • Institute Change: Make the change part of the organization's culture.
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  • 6. 3. Fullan's Model: • Moral Purpose: Develop a clear understanding of why the change is necessary. • Understanding Change: Explore the nature of the change and its impact. • Building Relationships and Cultures: Foster collaboration and a positive culture. • Knowledge Building and Sharing: Ensure the necessary knowledge is available and shared. • Innovation Configuration: Implement the change systematically. • Systemic Change: Scale up the change across the entire system.
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  • 8. 4. Rogers' Diffusion of Innovations: • Innovation: The new idea, practice, or technology being introduced. • Communication Channels: The means by which the innovation is communicated. • Time: The rate at which the innovation is adopted. • Social System: The individuals and groups involved in the change. • Extent of Adoption: The degree to which the innovation is adopted.
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  • 10. 5. Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM): • Stages of Concern: Individuals progress through stages of concern about a change. • Levels of Use: The extent to which individuals are using the new practices. • Innovation Configurations: The specific components of the change being implemented. • Change Facilitators: People who support others through the change process.
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  • 12. 6. Action Research Model: • Identify a Problem or Area for Improvement: Determine the need for change. • Collect Data: Gather information related to the identified problem. • Implement a Solution: Introduce and test a solution. • Evaluate the Results: Assess the effectiveness of the solution. • Reflect on the Process: Reflect on the entire action research cycle and plan for further improvements.
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