James Goodman Responding to Global Crisis


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James Goodman Responding to Global Crisis

  1. 1. Responding to Global Crises: From ‘Development’ to Global Justice A/P James Goodman, UTS For ‘Development Futures’, ACFID
  2. 2. Development / Justice • Does ‘development’ produce justice? ‘Development’ as ideology: for whom? • Today’s developmentalism, under market globalism • Alternative ideologies: justice globalism rejecting development order • Justice globalism generating new political agendas
  3. 3. Why Justice Globalism? • Crises of global development: finance, food, climate • Neoliberal world, seen as the source of global crisis • Global justice movements, acting together, against market globalism. • Rejection of developmentalist hierarchies. • Rejection of donor-driven aid; instead arguing for structural change that addresses the causes of global crises
  4. 4. Producing Global Justice? • In a 3 year study of 40 organisations active in the World Social Forum since 2001 we found: • (i) A model of reflexive development, centred on reciprocity and solidarity, a ‘joint struggle model’ • (ii) A political nexus between mobilisation and global crisis, where the failures of market globalism become opportunities for justice globalism • (iii) A process of generating alternatives through the refusal of policies, reframing crises, in dialogues over options, and North-South reflexivity
  5. 5. Global Crisis #1: Finance, 2008… • Southern and now Northern Debts: ‘Planet Finance’ vs ‘Ordinary Planet’ (WCC); 2008 crisis seen as a lost opportunity: austerity producing ‘Occupy’ (TNI). Three main options: • (i) Global regulation: Southern debt cancellation; closing tax havens; transparency; global tax on speculation • (ii) Financial localisation: opt-out, delinking to relink to locality/region (ALBA) • (iii) Democratisation of finance: crisis showing the public effects of private finance; wealth as a public asset; public control of financial decisions.
  6. 6. Global Crisis #2: Food, 2000• Food prices doubling 2000-08; collapsing with financial crisis; post-crisis new highs. Hunger +180m; 25 states halt exports of food staples. Three main options: • (i) Food equality: market access; fair trade; enforceable food rights • (ii) Food security: state delinking, to re-link consumers and producers, vs. import surges and food speculation • (iii) Food Sovereignty: delinking from WTO + corporates; land to producers, local production for local needs
  7. 7. Global Crisis #3: Climate • A crisis of global developmentalism; identifying dual problem Third-worldism / and neoliberalism in climate policy. Three main options: • (i) Climate action: green growth; carbon markets; trust funds; ‘just transitions’ • (ii) Climate autonomy: mobilisations against elite policy, for local and national action/knowledge • (iii) Climate justice: targeting elites North and South, and carbon markets; for ‘living well’ and ‘biocivilisation’, against productivism
  8. 8. Responding to Crises: x3 • We found three tendencies: • (i) Reform by regulation – debate between reformist and non-reformist regulation (reforms that close or open possibilities) • (ii) Localisation and translocalism – delinking to relink – stressing autonomy and solidarity in an alternative globality • (iii) Transformation – projects to supersede market globalism and create a new political model
  9. 9. Development Futures? • Justice globalism inverts Northern assumptions about ‘development’: the development crisis is global, not simply in the South. • The question of ‘development futures’ for ‘them’ is now a question of all of our development futures. • As the UNDP stated in relation to climate, the key question we face is of ‘Human Solidarity in a Divided World’ (2008)
  10. 10. Concluding: a place for ‘aid’? Development assistance is often understood as a gift, to ‘help people overcome poverty’, as AusAID put it. Solidarity funding for global justice is not a gift, but: (i) a form of mutual assistance, founded on common purpose, for a shared goal; (ii) a responsibility or obligation, rather than a donation, a means of discharging a social or ecological debt. How may this funding model develop, to express global justice imperatives beyond developmentalism?
  11. 11. Contact • James Goodman: james.goodman@uts.edu.au • Manfred Steger, James Goodman, Erin Wilson, (2013) Justice Globalism: Ideology, Crises, Policy, Sage, London, March, pp 184. • Thanks to UTS and the Australian Research Council for supporting this research.