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Brian Hilton - Food Security Advisor


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Brian Hilton - Food Security Advisor

  1. 1. Dr. Brian Hilton Food Security Advisor World Vision Why agriculture and nutrition together? How can biofortification reduce micronutrient deficiencies? What are the technologies available to improve the nutritive value of crops?
  2. 2. Agriculture makes money! Vegetable Income Pigeon pea income Pineapple income
  3. 3. Nutrition is low cost and very high impact Copenhagen Consensus TOP FIVE SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL POVERTY CHALLENGE 1 Micronutrient supplements for children Malnutrition 2 The Doha development agenda Trade 3 Micronutrient fortification 4 Expanded immunization coverage for children 5 Biofortification Malnutrition Diseases Malnutrition
  4. 4. Agriculture helps men get involved in nutrition
  5. 5. Agriculture interacts with nutrition on many levels (diet diversity, protein availability, aflatoxin control , micronutrient availability)
  6. 6. The effects of micronutrient deficiency Iron Vitamin A • 2 billion people – over • An estimated 250 30% of the world’s million preschool population – are anemic children are vitamin A deficient • In developing countries 50% pregnant woman • An estimated 250 and 40% of preschool 000 to 500 000 children are estimated vitamin A-deficient to be anemic. children become blind every year. • Anemia contributes to 20% of all maternal deaths.
  7. 7. Approaches to reducing micronutrient deficiencies Supplementation Dietary Diversity Commercial Fortification Biofortification Breeding improved nutrition into staple crops
  8. 8. Biofortified crops can improve micronutrient status of target populations. Foods that are visibly different may require nutrition and behavior change activities.
  9. 9. AusAID ANCP funded project in Burundi 92% of population eats beans Conventionally bred high iron beans not GM High Yield Insect resistance Disease resistance Drought resistance Better nutrition
  10. 10. High iron traits have been bred into a range of beans
  11. 11. Biofortified maize is orange and must overcome the stigma of yellow maize food aid
  12. 12. Biofortified crops really do improve health High iron rice study: Catholic sisters from 10 convents in the Philippines
  13. 13. Rice - the future high iron crop. GM rice being developed. Conventionally bred rice coming? Iron 4 x higher throughout C
  14. 14. Do the consequences of micronutrient deficiency justify a more widespread use of GM crops?