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GRADE 10- PHILIPPINE TRADITIONAL COMPOSERS.pptx

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PHILIPPINE
TRADITIONAL
COMPOSERS
MUSIC &ARTS
PRESENT BY: GROUP 2
According to National Artist Ramon Santos, PhD, “contemporary music in the
Philippines refers to compositions that have adopted ideas and elements from 20th
century art music in the west, as well as the latest trends and musical styles in the
entertainment industry.
The modern Filipino repertoire consists of musical pieces that have been written in
20th century idioms that have evolved out of such stylistic movements as
impressionism, expressionism, neo-classicism, as well as avant-garde and new
music.
New music are compositions which are improvisational works such as the early
compositions of Dr. Ramon Santos, Radyasyon and Quadrasyon; Josefino “Chino”
Toledo’s Samut-Sari, Pintigan and Terminal Lamentations, and Jonathan Baes’ Wala
and Banwa.
With the European and American influences brought by our country’s colonizers, it was
inevitable that the musical style of 20th century Western composers found their way
into Philippine compositions. The works many notable Filipino composers are evidence
of this. An entire group of 20th Filipino song composers became popular for their
musical compositions used as background music or theme songs in movies and films.
Philippine Traditional
Filipino composers of the 20th century contributed their share in
introducing innovative sounds. With Spain and then America having
colonized the Philippines from the early 1500s to the late 1800s, it was
unavoidable that Western compositional techniques found their way
into the works of Filipino composers. Yet even 20th century Filipino
composers have managed to retain some traditional elements in their
assimilation of Western techniques. In fact, they have become the
strongest foundations of what we now know as Philippine music.
Among the major Philippine contemporary composers are Francisco
Buencamino Sr., Francisco Santiago, Nicanor Abelardo, Antonio Molina,
Hilarion Rubio, Col. Antonino Buenaventura, Rodolfo Cornejo, Lucio San
Pedro, Rosendo Santos Jr., Alfredo Buenaventura, and Ryan
Cayabyab.
TRADITIONAL COMPOSER
Let's Start With
the Traditional
Music Composers
NICANOR ABELARDO (1893-1934)
Nicanor Abelardo is one of the
“Triumvirate of Filipino Composers”
which includes Antonio Molina and
Francisco Santiago. He studied
music at the Chicago Music College
and was influenced by the musical
styles of Schoenberg, Hindemith,
and Stravinsky.
Abelardo developed a style
that combined European
romanticism with
chromaticism.His
compositions contain hazy
tones,dissonance,and
unusual chords
combinations found in such
works as Cinderella
Overture, Panoramas, and a
violin sonata.
His best-known compositions include Mutya ng Pasig,
Nasaan Ka Irog, Cavatina for Violoncello, at Magbalik Ka
Hirang.
Nasaan Ka irog

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GRADE 10- PHILIPPINE TRADITIONAL COMPOSERS.pptx

  • 2. According to National Artist Ramon Santos, PhD, “contemporary music in the Philippines refers to compositions that have adopted ideas and elements from 20th century art music in the west, as well as the latest trends and musical styles in the entertainment industry. The modern Filipino repertoire consists of musical pieces that have been written in 20th century idioms that have evolved out of such stylistic movements as impressionism, expressionism, neo-classicism, as well as avant-garde and new music. New music are compositions which are improvisational works such as the early compositions of Dr. Ramon Santos, Radyasyon and Quadrasyon; Josefino “Chino” Toledo’s Samut-Sari, Pintigan and Terminal Lamentations, and Jonathan Baes’ Wala and Banwa. With the European and American influences brought by our country’s colonizers, it was inevitable that the musical style of 20th century Western composers found their way into Philippine compositions. The works many notable Filipino composers are evidence of this. An entire group of 20th Filipino song composers became popular for their musical compositions used as background music or theme songs in movies and films. Philippine Traditional
  • 3. Filipino composers of the 20th century contributed their share in introducing innovative sounds. With Spain and then America having colonized the Philippines from the early 1500s to the late 1800s, it was unavoidable that Western compositional techniques found their way into the works of Filipino composers. Yet even 20th century Filipino composers have managed to retain some traditional elements in their assimilation of Western techniques. In fact, they have become the strongest foundations of what we now know as Philippine music. Among the major Philippine contemporary composers are Francisco Buencamino Sr., Francisco Santiago, Nicanor Abelardo, Antonio Molina, Hilarion Rubio, Col. Antonino Buenaventura, Rodolfo Cornejo, Lucio San Pedro, Rosendo Santos Jr., Alfredo Buenaventura, and Ryan Cayabyab. TRADITIONAL COMPOSER
  • 4. Let's Start With the Traditional Music Composers
  • 5. NICANOR ABELARDO (1893-1934) Nicanor Abelardo is one of the “Triumvirate of Filipino Composers” which includes Antonio Molina and Francisco Santiago. He studied music at the Chicago Music College and was influenced by the musical styles of Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Stravinsky. Abelardo developed a style that combined European romanticism with chromaticism.His compositions contain hazy tones,dissonance,and unusual chords combinations found in such works as Cinderella Overture, Panoramas, and a violin sonata.
  • 6. His best-known compositions include Mutya ng Pasig, Nasaan Ka Irog, Cavatina for Violoncello, at Magbalik Ka Hirang. Nasaan Ka irog
  • 7. CIPRIANO RYAN CAYABYAB (1954-present) Ryan Cayabyab is a popular contemporary composer also has classical compositions to his credit, such as Misa, Four Poems for Soprano and Piano, and Te Deum. Cayabyab was born on May 4, 1954 in Santa Cruz, Manila, he was among the four children of Alberto Austria Cayabyab and Celerina Venson Pujante. Ryan Cayabyab's mother was an opera singer and a professor at the University of the Philippines's (UP) College of Music. He also served as the Executive and Artistic Director of the San Miguel Foundation for the Performing Arts, At present, he continues to be a muchsought- after professor,musical director,composer , arranger,and conductor in the Philippine concert and recording scene.
  • 8. Among his numerous compositions are the award-winning Kay Ganda ng Ating Musika (1978), as well as the modern zarzuela Alikabok (2003), the opera Spoliarium with libretto by Fides Cuyugan-Asensio, and a variety of choral pieces and song cycles. Many of his piano works have become a staple part of the Philippine repertoire of today`s young students especially Mayon, Larawan and Maligayang Bati. He also wrote several zarzuelas and kundiman.
  • 9. FRANCISCO SANTIAGO (1889-1947) Francisco Santiago is known as the “Father of the Kundiman” and belongs to the “Triumvirate of Filipino Composers.” He finished his music specialization at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago, where he obtained his Doctorate Degree in 1924. Santiago’s music was Romantic in style, incorporating Western forms and techniques with folk materials. He composed several works such as kundiman, symphonies, piano concertos, and other music pieces for the piano, violin, and voice. TRIVIA: Santiago was the first composer to include the kundiman in a concert and the first to write Philippine Christmas carols.
  • 10. Among the films whose music he supervised are Kundiman, Leron Leron Sinta, Madaling Araw, Manileña, and the movie inspired by his own composition Pakiusap.
  • 11. LUCRECIA R. KASILAG (1918-2008) National Artist for Music Lucrecia R. Kasilag was born in San Fernando, La Union on August 31, 1918. She went to Manila to pursue a degree in Music at the Philippine Women’s University. She then obtained her master’s degree from the Eastman School of Music in New York, USA. Her compositions were influenced by her professors Irving McHose and Wayne Barlow. Kasilag compositions demonstrated a fusion of Eastern and Western styles in using instruments, melody, harmony, and rhythm. She is particularly known for incorporating indigenous Filipino instruments into orchestral productions.
  • 12. Among Kasilag many compositions are Toccata for Percussion and Winds (1959), composed for indigenous Muslim instruments and Western instruments, The Legend of the Sarimanok(1963), composed for chamber orchestra and Philippine ethnic instruments; Divertissement and Concertante (1960), compositions for piano and orchestra combining Western and Eastern forms, harmonies, and intervals; and Dularawan (1969), a musical drama combining a dance solo with a chorus and an ethnic orchestra.
  • 13. RAMON P. SANTOS (1941-present) National Art for Music Ramon P. Santos was born in Pasig on February 25, 1941. He completed his Bachelor of Music degree at the College of Music, University of the Philippines. He finished his Master of Music degree at Indiana University, USA. He received his Doctor of Philosophy degree i Composition at the State University of New York, USA. He had also pursued graduate studies in Ethnomusicology at the University of Illinois, USA. Santos’ compositional style features chromaticism, music series and electronic components, combined with indigenous Philippine music elements.
  • 14. Santos held the position of Dean of the UP College of Music from 1978 to 1988. At Emeritus of the same institution. He was conferred the title of National Artist for Music in 2014. His works include Ding Ding Nga Diyawa,,Nabasag na Banga at Iba’t iba pang Pinag ugpong-ugpong na Pananalita sa Wikang Pilipino para sa Labing Anim na Tinig, and L’BAD. He had done extensive research on the gamelan music of Java as well as the traditional music of the Ibaloi, Maranao, Mansaka, Bontoc, Yakan, and Boholano tribes in the Philippines. present, he is the head of the UP Center of Ethnomusicology and was appointed Professor. Abot Tanaw
  • 15. FRANCISCO F. FELICIANO (1942-2014) National Artist for Music Francisco F. Feliciano, avant garde composer and conductor for band and chorus, was born on February 19, 1942, in Morong, Rizal. His first exposure to music was with the Morriz Band, a brass ensemble established and owned by his father, Maximiano Feliciano. He started his music career in the high school band where he had played the cymbals and the clarinet. Feliciano obtained his Teacher’s Diploma in Composition and Conducting at the Conservatory of Music, University of the Philippines (UP) in 1964, and a Bachelor of Music degree major in Composition in 1967.
  • 16. Feliciano composed more than 30 major works, including the musical dramas Sikhay sa Kabila ng Paalam, Ashen Wings, and the monumental three-act opera La Loba Negra (1984). He also wrote music for the orchestra such as Prelude and Toccata (1973), Fragments (1976), Life of Wartime Filipino Hero Jose Abad Santos, and the ballet Yerma (1982).
  • 17. ANTONIO J. MOLINA [music] / LEVI CELERIO (LYRICS) Molina, known as the “dean of Filipino composers,” was born in Quiapo, Manila, on Dec. 26, 1894. He wrote over 500 musical compositions, including “Hatinggabi” and “Awit ni Maria Clara,” and taught some of the country's musical icons like Lucresia Kasilag and Felipe de Leon.Molina, known as the “dean of Filipino composers,” was born in Quiapo, Manila, on Dec. 26, 1894. He wrote over 500 musical compositions, including “Hatinggabi” and “Awit ni Maria Clara,” and taught some of the country's musical icons like Lucresia Kasilag and Felipe de Leon. Molina was a product of both the Romantic and Impressionist schools of thought. He was fascinated by the dynamics and harmonies of Debussy but retained much of the Romantic style in his melody. A characteristically impressionist work is his piano work Malikmata (Transfiguration). The mysteriously exotic chords of this piece gradually lead to a lyrical melody, with the traditional harmonies abruptly returning to the initial mood. Molina wrote several compositions for piano, violin, and voice as well as a Spanish-style opera form known as the zarzuela.
  • 19. LUCIO SAN PEDRO (1913-2002) National Artist of Music His numerous works, influences and contributions to Philippine music led to the proclamation of Lucio San Pedro as a National Artist of the Philippines for Music on May 9, 1991 by President Corazon Aquino. Lucio San Pedro is known as a “romantic nationalist.” He incorporated Philippine folk elements in his compositions with Western forms and harmony. His chords have a rich expressive tonality, as represented in his well-loved Sa Ugoy ng Duyan, a lullaby melody sung by his mother.
  • 20. COL ANTONIO BUENAVENTURA(1904-1996) National Artist for Music He was formerly organist at the Metropolitan Cathedral in Manila and, among many other honours, received the Republican Cultural Heritage Awards in 1964 and 1972 and the Bonifacio Centennial Awards. The compositions of Alfredo Buenaventura include a number of operas, symphonic poems, vocal works and chamber music. He was formerly organist at the Metropolitan Cathedral in Manila and, among many other honours, received the Republican Cultural Heritage Awards in 1964 and 1972 and the Bonifacio Centennial Awards. The compositions of Alfredo Buenaventura include a number of operas, symphonic poems, vocal works and chamber music.
  • 22. SONG COMPOSERS The 20th century Filipino song composers/lyricists include Levi Celerio,Constancio de Guzman, Mike Velarde Jr., Ernani Cuenco, Restie Umali, George Canseco, Angel Peña, Leopoldo Silos Sr., Santiago Suarez. Together, they had produced a memorable output of traditional Filipino love songs, music for the movies, and materials for contemporary arrangements and concert repertoire Filipino composers of the 20th century contributed their share in introducing innovative sounds different from the traditional folk song and kundiman melodies that we have been accustomed to.
  • 23. LEVI CELERIO (1910-2002) National Artist for Literature and Music Celerio was born in Tondo on April 30, 1910. He studied at the Academy of Music in Manila under a scholarship. Later, he went on to join the Manila Symphony Orchestra. Aside from writing his own lyrics, he also translated and re-wrote the lyrics of folksongs to traditional melodies like Maliwanag Na Buwan from Ilocos, Ako ay May Singsing from Pampanga, and Alibangbang from the Visayas.
  • 24. LEVI CELERIO Prolific lyricist and composer Levi Celerio was named National Artist for Music and Literature in 1997. Also, a violinist, he had written the lyrics for over 4,000 songs in his lifetime, including many for film. A great number of kundiman and Filipino love songs have lyrics written by notable of which are Dahil sa Iyo, Buhat, and Ang Pasko ay Sumapit. Celerio, for a time, was recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the only man who could play music with a leaf. Because of his talent, Celerio was invited to The Merv Griffin Show, where he played "All the Things You Are" with 39 musicians.
  • 25. GEORGE CANSECO (1934-2004) George Masangkay Canseco was born on April 23, 1934, in Naic, Cavite. He graduated with a Liberal Arts degree at the University of the East. After graduation, he worked for the Philippines Herald and the Associated Press as a journalist. He also worked as a “freelance scriptwriter for hire” in Manila. His legacy as a composers Includes approximately 120 song titles including Ikaw, Kailangan Kita, Dito Ba, Hiram, Tubig at Langis, Hanggang sa Dulo ng Walang Hanggan, Sinasamba Kita, Kastilyong Buhangin,Sana Bukas Pa ang Kahapon, and etc. Canseco's best-known composition, however, was