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20th century traditional composers

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This is Intended for Grade 10 students.

20th century traditional composers

  1. 1. Contemporary Music
  2. 2. Ramon Santos, PhD• National Artist • “contemporary music in the Philippines refers to compositions that have adopted ideas and elements from 20th century art music in the west, as well as the latest trends and musical styles in the entertainment industry.”
  3. 3. • Themodern Filipino repertoireconsists of musical piecesthat havebeen written in 20th century idiomsthat haveevolved out of such stylistic movementsasimpressionism, expressionism, neo-classicism, aswell asavant gardeand new music.
  4. 4. • New music arecompositionswhich are improvisational workssuch astheearly compositionsof Dr. Ramon Santos, Radyasyon and Quadrasyon; Josefino “Chino” Toledo’sSamut-Sari, Pintigan and Terminal Lamentations, and Jonathan Baes’ Walaand Banwa.
  5. 5. 20th Century Traditional Composers
  6. 6. FRANCISCO B. BUENCAMINO SR.
  7. 7. FRANCISCO B. BUENCAMINO SR. (1883 – 1952) •November 5, 1883 in Bulacan. Son of a musically inclined couple. •Fortunato Buencamino, achurch organist and band master. •Luisa Beltran, anoted singer. • Studied music composition and harmony at Liceo de Manila. Unfortunately, he wasnot ableto finish.
  8. 8. • Hetaught at theAteneo deManila, and at Centro Escolar deSeñoritaswhose Conservatory of Music hefounded. • 1930, created Buencamino Music Academy. • musical directing and scoring, and composing film music for Sampaguita Pictures, LVN, and Excelsior.
  9. 9. Buencamino’s compositions include • Harana, Pandanggo ni Neneng, • Collar deSampaguita, DulceslasHoras, • Mayon (FantasiadeConcierto), • My Soul’sLament, Larawan, Mazurka, • Boholana, Mi Bandera, Princesang Kumintang, • Maligayang Bati, Ang Bukang Liwayway, Pandanggo ni Neneng, • Ang Bagong Balitaw, Himig ng Nayon, Damdamin (Romance), and Pizzicato Caprice
  10. 10. • Many of hispiano workshave becomeastaplepart of the Philippinerepertoireof today’s young students, especially Mayon, Larawan, and Maligayang Bati. • Healso wroteseveral zarzuelas and kundimans. • Hepassed away on October 16, 1952 after which aposthumous award honored him with thetitle “Outstanding Composer.”
  11. 11. Francisco Santiago
  12. 12. Francisco Santiago (1889 – 1947) • “Father of theKundiman” • “Triumvirateof Filipino Composers.” • Music specialization – American Conservatory of Music in Chicago, DoctorateDegreein 1924. Music Style: – Romantic in style, incorporating Western formsand techniqueswith folk materials.
  13. 13. • He composed such as: – kundiman, symphonies, piano concertos, and other music piecesfor thepiano, violin, and voice • Musical directorforfilms. – Kundiman, – Leron Leron Sinta, – Madaling Araw, – Manileña, and themovieinspired by hisown composition “Pakiusap” • first Filipino Director, UPConservatory of Music.
  14. 14. Among his famous works are: • Pakiusap, • Madaling Araw, • Sakali Man, • Hibik ng Pilipinas, • Ano Kayaang Kapalaran, and Kundiman (Anak Dalita). – Thispiecewassung beforetheRoyal Court of Spain upon therequest of King Alfonso II.
  15. 15. NICANORABELARDO
  16. 16. NICANORABELARDO (1893 – 1934) • “Triumvirateof Filipino Composers” • Hestudied music at theChicago Music Collegeand wasinfluenced by the musical stylesof Schoenberg, Hindemith and Stravinsky. • Music Style: – European romanticism with chromaticism.
  17. 17. • Hiscompositionscontain – hazy tones, dissonanceand unusual chordal combinationsfound in such worksasCinderellaOverture, Panoramas, and aviolin sonata. • Considered acomposer in the Romantic style. • Compositions include: – Mutyang Pasig, Nasaan KaIrog, Cavatinafor Violoncello, and Magbalik KaHirang.
  18. 18. ANTONIO J. MOLINA
  19. 19. ANTONIO J. MOLINA (1894 – 1980) National Artist forMusic • first National Artist for Music, • “Triumvirateof Filipino Composers” • Hebegan hismusic career asan orchestral soloist at theManilaGrand OperaHouse. • 1948 to 1970. Dean, Centro Escolar University Conservatory of Music.
  20. 20. • Music Style: • Product of both theRomantic and Impressionist schoolsof thought. • Dynamicsand harmoniesof Debussy, • Romantic stylein hismelody • Impressionist work – ishispiano work Malikmata (Transfiguration).
  21. 21. • Themysteriously exotic chordsof this piecegradually lead to alyrical melody, with thetraditional harmoniesabruptly returning to theinitial mood. • Molinawroteseveral compositions – piano, violin and – Spanish-styleoperaform (zarzuela) • Poignantly romantic serenade – violin and piano “Hatinggabi”. Subsequent transcriptionsof thispiecewerewritten for thecello, flute, piano, and guitar
  22. 22. • Otherworks by Molina include – orchestral music - MisaAntoniana Grand Festival Mass, Ang Batingaw, Kundiman-Kundangan; – chambermusic - String Quartet, Kung sa Iyong Gunita, Pandangguhan; and – vocal music - Amihan, Awit ni Maria Clara, and Larawan Nitong Pilipinas. • 1973, National Artist for Music award. • January 29, 1980. Hepassed away.
  23. 23. HILARION RUBIO Y FRANCISCO (1902 – 1985) • October 21, 1902 in Bacoor, Cavite. • A composer, music teacher, conductor, choirmaster clarinetist • Conductor for opera, ballet, dancerecitals, and moviemusic. • First interest in music, the“Bacoor Band.” At Ageof 8, member of theBacoor Band as aclarinetist. • First composition Unang Katas • First music lessons, with Fr. Amando Buencamino, so lfeggio and somemusical instruments.
  24. 24. • Member of theLyric Theater Orchestra, Trozo Band in BenavidesStreet, and theBand Modernain Tondo. • Heco-founded theAnak ZapoteBand. • becameabandleader and conductor of the ROTC Band of theConservatory of Music, University of thePhilippines(UP) and played theviolin and timpani with theUPJunior Symphony Orchestra. • VicePresident of thePASAMBAP (Pambansang Samahan ng mgaBandasa Pilipinas), • theNational Band Association, board and • charter member of theLeagueof Filipino composers, and • thefirst President of thePhilippine Bandmaster’sAssociation.
  25. 25. • Hewasconductor of theNational Opera Company for 23 yearsfrom 1937 to 1960. • Rubio’s compositions include: – Bulaklaken, – Theme and Variatio ns fo r Band, – Dance o f the Nymphs Ro ndo , – Flo rente at Laura (overture), – Halik, Danza, Unang Katas, – Two part Inventio n (piano), – Ang Ko nsyerto (ballet),
  26. 26. – Ang Magsasaka, – Bukang Liwayway, – Co ncertino in C(marimbaand piano), – Filipinas Ko ng Mahal, – Hatulan Mo Ako , – Ginintuang Araw, – In a Tro picalSea, – Light, – Narra, – Mutya ng Silangan,
  27. 27. – To the Filipino Yo uth, – Nela, – Natio nalHero es Day Hymn, and – Salamisim. • Hepassed away on December 28, 1985.
  28. 28. COL. ANTONINO BUENAVENTURA
  29. 29. COL. ANTONINO BUENAVENTURA (1904 – 1996) National Artist forMusic • composer, conductor, and teacher. • Hisfather Lucio – chief musician of theSpanish artillery band in Intramurosand founder of Banda Buenaventura • Demonstrated apassion for music whilelearning therudimentsof music and so lfeggio . • proficient clarinet player.
  30. 30. • at age19, Conservatory of Music, University of thePhilippines(UP). • Teacher’sDiplomain Scienceand Composition at UP. • Nicanor Abelardo and Francisco Santiago wereamong hisfamousmentors. • led theUPROTC Band and established theUPJunior Orchestrawhich wasthe first collegiateorchestrain thecountry. • Instituteof International Education in New York.
  31. 31. • study grant by theUNESCO in 1949. • Hewasadelegateto thegeneral assembly of theInternational Society for Music Education held in Montreux, Switzerland in 1976. • Herepresented thecountry at thegeneral meetingsof theInternational Music Council (IMC) in Rome(1962) and Hamburg (1964). • Actively involved with thevariousmilitary bandswhich ultimately earned him his military rank of Colonel.
  32. 32. • Hewasamusic instructor and band conductor of thePhilippineMilitary Academy (PMA). • 1945, restored thePhilippine Constabulary Band. • Philippine Constabulary Band – “oneof thebest military bandsin theworld.” renamed the(Philippine Army Band). Healso founded theSan Pablo Music Academy in Laguna.
  33. 33. • Faculty member of theUP Conservatory of Music. • 1961, Music director of the Conservatory of Music, UST • 1964, School of Music and Arts, UE. • composed themusic and folk dance notationsfor thedanceresearchesof Aquino. • popular compositions, remainsa favoriteperformancerepertoireof many folk dancecompanies. • 1988, National Artist for Music.
  34. 34. • As a multi-awarded musician, – Minuet, – Mindanao Sketches, – Divertimento for Piano and – Orchestra, – Variationsand Fugue, and – Greetingsbased on Philippinefolk music. – Pandanggo saIlaw,
  35. 35. RODOLFO S. CORNEJO
  36. 36. RODOLFO S. CORNEJO (1909 – 1991) • May 15, 1909 in Singalong, Manila. • at age6, formal music lessonsinspired by hismother. • Organistof thePasay Catholic Church. • at age10, started composing entitled GlissandoWaltz, military march entitled Salute. • At age14, 26 of Cornejo’s compositions werealready listed by theUnited Publishing Company Inc.
  37. 37. • Teacher’s DiplomainPianoforte and • Teacher’s DiplomainScienceand Composition at theConservatory of Music, University of thePhilippines (UP) in 1930. • 1932, BM degreemajor in piano and theory from theCMCRU, USA • 1933, MM degreemajor in composition and conducting at the CMCRU, USA. • 1954, Doctor of Music degreehonoris causa.
  38. 38. • 1947, Doctor of Philosophy degree major in composition from the Neotarian Collegeof Philosophy in KansasCity, USA • taught at theUPConservatory of Music and becametheresearcher and official composer of thePhilippine government-in-exile. • wasappointed by then President Manuel L. Quezon. • Hewascommissioned to writea symphony and an operaand compose themusic for thedocumentary film on President Quezon’sfuneral.
  39. 39. • Pianist directorof aUSO concert unit that entertained theAllied Forcesat theE.T.O., theMarianas, and the Hawaiian Islandsduring World War II. • soloist of theManilaSymphony Orchestra, FilipinasYouth Symphony Orchestra, and UPSymphony Orchestra. • musical directorof theSampaguita and Vera-Perez MovieCompanies. • Since1978, heheld concertsin the United States.
  40. 40. • composer-conductor at theSeattle OperaHouseand theSeattle Playhouse. • Heislisted in “TheInternational Who’sWho in Music.” • known for hisextemporaneous thematic improvisationsbased on the lettersof people’snames. • Hepassed away on August 11, 1991.
  41. 41. His compositional output includes: – A laJuventud Filipina, – BailesdeAyer, – Capriceon aFolksong, – Cello Sonata, – Ibong Adarna, – Kandingan, – Malakasat Maganda, – Overture, – Okaka, – Oriental Fantasy, Piano Concerto Nos. 1,2,3, Ruby, and Song of theMiners.
  42. 42. FELIPEPADILLA DELEON SR.
  43. 43. FELIPEPADILLA DELEON SR. (1912 – 1992) • National Artist for Music • May 1, 1912 in Barrio Papaya(now General Tinio) in Penaranda, Nueva Ecija. • Heistheson of Juan deLeon and NataliaPadilla. • Married pianist IluminadaMendoza with six children.
  44. 44. • FELIPEPADILLA DELEON SR. Children: –Bayani isawell-known composer, and –Felipe Jr. isawriter and the chairman of theNational Commission for Cultureand the Arts(NCCA). • DeLeon’stalent in painting and drawing.
  45. 45. • 1927, FineArtsat theUniversity of thePhilippines. • Heplayed thetrombonein dance orchestraswhich performed in cabarets, circusesand bodabil (vaudeville). • Assistant conductor of theNuevaEcija High School Orchestra(Ensemble) • wrotemusic for thezarzuela.
  46. 46. • Conservatory of Music, University of thePhilippines, wherehestudied under National ArtistsCol. Antonio Buenaventuraand Antonio Molina. • Hewrotemusic columnsfor theManila Times(then known asManilaTribune) and Taliba. • 1939, graduated with amusic teacher's diploma, major in conducting. • Advanced studiesin composition under Vittorio Giannini of theJulliard School of Music in New York, USA.
  47. 47. • Composer of theYear (1949), • ManilaMusic LoversSociety, • Musician of theYear (1958), • UPConservatory of Music, and others. • 1991, conferred an honorary degree, doctor of philosophy in the humanities, UP.
  48. 48. De Leon wrote piano compositions: • hymns, • marches, • art songs, • chamber music, • symphonic poems, • overtures, • band music, • school songs, • orchestral works, • operas, • kundiman, and • zarzuelas.
  49. 49. • known asanationalist composer who expressed thePhilippines' cultural identity through hiscompositions. • Two operaswhich areconsidered his masterpieces are the: – Noli MeTangere(1957) and – El Filibusterismo (1970).
  50. 50. • Healso wroteamarch during the Japaneseregimeentitled – Tindig, – Aking Inang Bayan, – And another march Bagong Lipunan during themartial law . • Hewrotethepopular Christmascarols – Payapang Daigdig (1946), – NocheBuena, and – Pasko NaNaman, both in 1965.
  51. 51. • 1997, posthumousaward asNational Artist for Music. • Hedied on December 5, 1992.
  52. 52. LUCIO SAN PEDRO
  53. 53. LUCIO SAN PEDRO (1913 – 2002) • National Artist for Music. • February 11, 1913 inAngono, Rizal. • Sincehiselementary days, hestarted composing. • Hestudied thebanjo which inspired him to becomeaseriousmusician. • Music Degree, University of the Philippinesand theJuilliard School in New York, USA.
  54. 54. • known asa“romantic nationalist. • Music Style: – Philippinefolk elementswith Western formsand harmony. • Hischordshavearich expressive tonality, asrepresented in hiswell- loved – SaUgoy ng Duyan, alullaby melody sung by hismother. • Hisorchestral compositionsarebest represented by theSuitePastorale (1956),
  55. 55. • apoetic aural description of his hometown Angono, and his nationalistic symphonic poem Lahing Kayumanggi(1962). • Other compositionsincludesongs, piecesfor violin, cello, and chorus. • thesymphonic band, prolific and productiveboth ascomposer and conductor.
  56. 56. • Hismusical prowesswas internationally recognized when he wasinvited to beajudgeat the prestigiousVan Cliburn International Piano Competition in 1980. • 1991, National Artist for Music. • Passed away on March 31, 2002.
  57. 57. ROSENDO E. SANTOS JR.
  58. 58. ROSENDO E. SANTOS JR. (1922 – 1994) • September 3, 1922 in CaviteCity. • At age11, hestarted composing band marches, instrumental, and vocal scores, aswell asmusic for Catholic masses. • Hestudied in Caviteschoolsand later graduated from theUPConservatory of Music whereheeventually became afaculty member.
  59. 59. • Healso pursued aMaster of Music degreein theory and composition from theCatholic University of Americain Washington, D.C. • After which, healso served on its faculty aswell asin West Virginia University and Howard University. • AsaUNESCO scholar, Santoswas awarded the“PhilippineComposer of theCentury” after receiving the “Composer of theYear Award” in Manilain 1956 and 1957
  60. 60. • Hejoined thefaculty at Wilkes University, Pennsylvaniain 1968. He performed astimpanist, pianist, and conductor with several orchestral groups. • Heconducted church choirsin Maryland, New Jersey, Lehman, Huntsville, and Shavertown United Methodist Churchesin Pennsylvania, USA.
  61. 61. • Hecomposed thebackground music for J. Arthur Rank Filmsat Pinewood Studiosin London, England, wherehe worked with British composers Malcolm Arnold and Muir Mathieson. • Among Santos’ teacherswerefamous composersAaron Copland, Irving Fine, Humphrey Searle, and conductor Norman Del Mar. • A prolific composer,
  62. 62. • hehad composed several piano concerti, sonatas, symphonies, symphonic poems, fiveoperasin Filipino, numerousband overtures, and morethan 200 marches. • Hehad also written 50 massesin Latin and 20 in English. • Hehasmorethan 1,000 musical compositionsin thelibrary of the University of thePhilippines. Santos’ last musical work and only ballet composition, Melinda’sMasquerade,
  63. 63. • Melinda’sMasquerade, was performed in 1995, ayear after his death. • Santospassed away on November 4, 1994 in Swoyersville, Pennsylvania, USA.
  64. 64. ALFREDO BUENAVENTURA (1929) • October 14, 1929 in Sta. Maria, Bulacan in Sta. Maria, Bulacan. • composer, conductor and teacher. • Hegrew up in amusical environment and becameaband member in his hometown at ayoung age. • Hegrew up in amusical environment and becameaband member in his hometown at ayoung age.
  65. 65. • Hewasdrawn by hisfascination with trumpetsand trombonesand became oneof itsarrangersand conductors. • Hewasoneof twenty boy sopranosof Tiplesat Sto. Domingo Church from wherehereceived hisfirst significant musical training. At that time, healso wrotehisfirst composition, Danza..
  66. 66. • A prolific composer, Buenaventura has composed over 50 majorworks including: – fivefull-length operas, – operettas, – dancedramas, – cantatas, – symphonies, – concertos, – ballets, – overtures, – prelude, – fugues, and – chamber music
  67. 67. • Hiscompositionsand other creative workshavetranscended territorial, racial, and languagebarriersasthese havebeen performed abroad by international virtuosi and religious groups. • Many of hiscompositionsarebased on Filipino heroes, legends, and epics. • Heusesnativesongs, both tribal and folk, asthemesof hismusic compositions. A number of his compositionsareaccompanied by Filipino indigenousinstruments.
  68. 68. Some of his majorworks include the operas: – MariaMakiling (1961), – Diego Silang (1966), – PrinsesaUrduha(1969), – cantatasAng Ating Watawat(1965), – Pasko ng Barangay (1964), • three piano concertos subtitled – Celebration, – Determination, and – Exultation,
  69. 69. • symphonies such as – Dakilang Lahi (1971), – Gomburza(1981), and Rizal, – theGreat Malayan Antagonist (1990). minor works, 50 cover. – religioussongsand – hymnsfor specific celebrationssuch As: • theSixteenth Centenary of St. Augustine, • Massfor the400th Year of the Augustinian Recollect, and • thePhilippineMusic Festival.
  70. 70. • musical workshavebeen commissioned by theCultural Center of thePhilippines,Metropolitan Theater, and theNational Music Competitionsfor Young Artists (NAMCYA). • compositional style: – contemporary and conventional materials. – melodiessimpleand understandablebut with contemporary harmoniesthat enhancetheir complexity.
  71. 71. • in 1960, Official organist of the ManilaCathedral. • Dean of theCollegeof Music, Centro Escolar University. • Member, Leagueof Filipino Composers. • An awardeeof the – Republic Cultural HeritageAward – TheOutstanding Filipino Award (TOFIL) for Music in 1995.
  72. 72. CIPRIANO “RYAN” CAYABYAB
  73. 73. CIPRIANO “RYAN” CAYABYAB • popular contemporary composer • classical compositions: – Misa, Four Poemsfor Soprano and Piano, and TeDeum • compositional style: – syncopation, extended chords, and chromatic harmony.
  74. 74. • Numerous compositions are the award-winning – Kay Gandang Ating Musika(1978), as well asthe – modern zarzuelaAlikabok (2003), – theoperaSpoliarium with libretto by FidesCuyugan-Asensio, and – avariety of choral piecesand song cycles. produced anumber of recordings, including thememorablealbum One, wherehepersonally sang the unaccompanied songson different tracks to produce16 voices.
  75. 75. • May 4, 1954 in Manila • Bachelor of Music degreeat the University of thePhilippines’ College of Music. • faculty member for Composition at the sameUniversity • Executiveand Artistic Director of the San Miguel Foundation for the Performing Arts. – operationsand programming of theSan Miguel Philharmonic Orchestraand the San Miguel Master Chorale.
  76. 76. • At present, hecontinuesto bea much sought-after professor, musical director, composer, arranger, and conductor in thePhilippineconcert and recording scenes.
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This is Intended for Grade 10 students.

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