SlideShare a Scribd company logo

The changing landscape of science

Open science and Saildrone 2018 Baja cruise Talk given 9/26/2018 at NOAA Santa Rosa, CA

1 of 40
Download to read offline
The changing landscape of science
Chelle L. Gentemann
Earth & Space Research
cgentemann@esr.org
Research supported by the Schmidt
Family Foundation, Saildrone, Inc., and
NASA Physical Oceanography
Image Credit: Saildrone, Inc.
1
Background: sharing data
• So… sharing is easy…. If you want too…
1990s: tape drives 2018: cheap local storage
Cloud storage options
2
Sharing data
Figure credit: Grandjean, Martin (2014). "La connaissance est un réseau". Les Cahiers du Numérique
10 (3): 37-54. DOI:10.3166/LCN.10.3.37-54 3
But people still don’t share data….
Legal reasons…
data includes confidential information
data collection funded by agency/institution with a closed policy
security (export control) issues
Career / funding:
I collected this data. It is mine.
I won’t advance if I don’t publish, I won’t get more funding on this topic.
Other concerns:
Other researchers will misuse or misinterpret the data
It takes too much effort to document the data
Other people helped produce the data, they will never agree to share it
I’m a scientists not a data provider, this isn’t my job
4
Sharing data
Figure credit: Grandjean, Martin (2014). "La connaissance est un réseau". Les Cahiers du Numérique
10 (3): 37-54. DOI:10.3166/LCN.10.3.37-54 5
7https://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/appstech/index

Recommended

Building the Pacific Research Platform: Supernetworks for Big Data Science
Building the Pacific Research Platform: Supernetworks for Big Data ScienceBuilding the Pacific Research Platform: Supernetworks for Big Data Science
Building the Pacific Research Platform: Supernetworks for Big Data ScienceLarry Smarr
 
Machine Learning in Healthcare Diagnostics
Machine Learning in Healthcare DiagnosticsMachine Learning in Healthcare Diagnostics
Machine Learning in Healthcare DiagnosticsLarry Smarr
 
data about tech and data trends
data about tech and data trendsdata about tech and data trends
data about tech and data trendsantarme
 
AI for tackling climate change
AI for tackling climate changeAI for tackling climate change
AI for tackling climate changeDeakin University
 
Why data science matters and what we can do with it
Why data science matters and what we can do with itWhy data science matters and what we can do with it
Why data science matters and what we can do with itXiaogang (Marshall) Ma
 
Bigdatacooltools
BigdatacooltoolsBigdatacooltools
Bigdatacooltoolssuresh sood
 
AGU Leptoukh Lecture: Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together b...
AGU Leptoukh Lecture: Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together b...AGU Leptoukh Lecture: Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together b...
AGU Leptoukh Lecture: Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together b...Erin Robinson
 
Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together beyond where we thought...
Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together beyond where we thought...Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together beyond where we thought...
Putting Data to Work: Moving science forward together beyond where we thought...Erin Robinson
 

More Related Content

Similar to The changing landscape of science

Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11
Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11
Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11Robert Grossman
 
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them..."Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...Tom Moritz
 
Data science Innovations January 2018
Data science Innovations January 2018Data science Innovations January 2018
Data science Innovations January 2018suresh sood
 
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...GigaScience, BGI Hong Kong
 
Data science innovations
Data science innovations Data science innovations
Data science innovations suresh sood
 
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)Dag Endresen
 
NOAA Big Data Project Handout
NOAA Big Data Project HandoutNOAA Big Data Project Handout
NOAA Big Data Project HandoutAmy Gaskins
 
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...African Open Science Platform
 
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019S Ramage WEF Davos 2019
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019Steven Ramage
 
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?LEARN Project
 
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science  Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science suresh sood
 
Big Data in NATO and Your Role
Big Data in NATO and Your RoleBig Data in NATO and Your Role
Big Data in NATO and Your RoleJay Gendron
 
Research Data Sharing: A Basic Framework
Research Data Sharing: A Basic FrameworkResearch Data Sharing: A Basic Framework
Research Data Sharing: A Basic FrameworkPaul Groth
 
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...Sky Bristol
 

Similar to The changing landscape of science (20)

Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11
Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11
Open Science Data Cloud - CCA 11
 
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them..."Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...
"Some Reflections on Data in the Public Sector" : Communia: The European Them...
 
Data science Innovations January 2018
Data science Innovations January 2018Data science Innovations January 2018
Data science Innovations January 2018
 
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...
Democratising biodiversity and genomics research: open and citizen science to...
 
Data science innovations
Data science innovations Data science innovations
Data science innovations
 
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)
GBIF and reuse of research data, Bergen (2016-12-14)
 
NOAA Big Data Project Handout
NOAA Big Data Project HandoutNOAA Big Data Project Handout
NOAA Big Data Project Handout
 
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...
Data as a research output and a research asset: the case for Open Science/Sim...
 
Christine borgman keynote
Christine borgman keynoteChristine borgman keynote
Christine borgman keynote
 
afternoon3.pdf
afternoon3.pdfafternoon3.pdf
afternoon3.pdf
 
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019S Ramage WEF Davos 2019
S Ramage WEF Davos 2019
 
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?
Open Data in a Big Data World: easy to say, but hard to do?
 
Carpenter "The Future of the Scholarly Record"
Carpenter "The Future of the Scholarly Record"Carpenter "The Future of the Scholarly Record"
Carpenter "The Future of the Scholarly Record"
 
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science  Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science
Data Science Innovations : Democratisation of Data and Data Science
 
Big Data in NATO and Your Role
Big Data in NATO and Your RoleBig Data in NATO and Your Role
Big Data in NATO and Your Role
 
Research Data Sharing: A Basic Framework
Research Data Sharing: A Basic FrameworkResearch Data Sharing: A Basic Framework
Research Data Sharing: A Basic Framework
 
Collaborative Data Management at the University of California
Collaborative Data Management at the University of CaliforniaCollaborative Data Management at the University of California
Collaborative Data Management at the University of California
 
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...
Big Data R&D Strategy - Ensure the long term sustainability, access, and deve...
 
A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)
A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)
A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)
 
Center for Energy, Security, & Society
Center for Energy, Security, & SocietyCenter for Energy, Security, & Society
Center for Energy, Security, & Society
 

More from Chelle Gentemann

Butterfly Satellite Mission Overview
Butterfly Satellite Mission OverviewButterfly Satellite Mission Overview
Butterfly Satellite Mission OverviewChelle Gentemann
 
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisis
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisisSatellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisis
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisisChelle Gentemann
 
FOSS4G 2021: Open source science
FOSS4G 2021: Open source scienceFOSS4G 2021: Open source science
FOSS4G 2021: Open source scienceChelle Gentemann
 
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloud
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloudOpen ecosystems help science storm the cloud
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloudChelle Gentemann
 
Empowering Transformational Science
Empowering Transformational ScienceEmpowering Transformational Science
Empowering Transformational ScienceChelle Gentemann
 
Building a Community of Practice
Building a Community of PracticeBuilding a Community of Practice
Building a Community of PracticeChelle Gentemann
 
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures Project
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures ProjectMulti-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures Project
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures ProjectChelle Gentemann
 
Saildrone Baja 2018 Cruise
Saildrone Baja 2018 CruiseSaildrone Baja 2018 Cruise
Saildrone Baja 2018 CruiseChelle Gentemann
 

More from Chelle Gentemann (9)

Butterfly Satellite Mission Overview
Butterfly Satellite Mission OverviewButterfly Satellite Mission Overview
Butterfly Satellite Mission Overview
 
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisis
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisisSatellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisis
Satellite passive microwave measurements of the climate crisis
 
FOSS4G 2021: Open source science
FOSS4G 2021: Open source scienceFOSS4G 2021: Open source science
FOSS4G 2021: Open source science
 
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloud
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloudOpen ecosystems help science storm the cloud
Open ecosystems help science storm the cloud
 
Empowering Transformational Science
Empowering Transformational ScienceEmpowering Transformational Science
Empowering Transformational Science
 
Building a Community of Practice
Building a Community of PracticeBuilding a Community of Practice
Building a Community of Practice
 
Open Science
Open ScienceOpen Science
Open Science
 
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures Project
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures ProjectMulti-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures Project
Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperatures Project
 
Saildrone Baja 2018 Cruise
Saildrone Baja 2018 CruiseSaildrone Baja 2018 Cruise
Saildrone Baja 2018 Cruise
 

Recently uploaded

CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfCW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfMollyWinterbottom
 
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English BrochureInsilico Gen
 
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsHypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsTristanBabaylan1
 
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
Study  of X  - Ray Spectra and its typesStudy  of X  - Ray Spectra and its types
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its typestanishashukla147
 
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeGaia Science Pte Ltd
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsPeter Coles
 
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfConstruction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfLossian Barbosa Bacelar Miranda
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...Advanced-Concepts-Team
 
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdf
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdfAnalytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdf
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdfMollyWinterbottom
 
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdf
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdfFINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdf
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdfThane Heins
 
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesA galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesSérgio Sacani
 
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxySérgio Sacani
 
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesAn Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesDavid Yonge-Mallo
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Nan Yang Academy of Sciences
 
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdGrade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdgmail227828
 
transgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxtransgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxridhi124788
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesAhmed Metwaly
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdfCW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
CW 2 - Frustrated Lewis Pair - Molly winterbottom.pdf
 
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
 
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsHypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
 
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
Study  of X  - Ray Spectra and its typesStudy  of X  - Ray Spectra and its types
Study of X - Ray Spectra and its types
 
Research methods in ethnobotany- Exploring Traditional Wisdom
Research methods in ethnobotany- Exploring Traditional WisdomResearch methods in ethnobotany- Exploring Traditional Wisdom
Research methods in ethnobotany- Exploring Traditional Wisdom
 
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in SingaporeELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
ELK ELISA Kits Manufacturer in Singapore
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
 
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHESINTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
 
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdfConstruction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
Construction of Magic Squares by Swapping Rows and Columns.pdf
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
 
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdf
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdfAnalytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdf
Analytical Coursework - Molly Winterbottom.pdf
 
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdf
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdfFINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdf
FINAL Shehnaz and Thane Interview PowerPoint ;-).pdf
 
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxiesA galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
A galactic microquasar mimicking winged radio galaxies
 
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
 
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming LanguagesAn Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
An Introduction to Quantum Programming Languages
 
ALL the evidence webinar: Appraising and using evidence about community conte...
ALL the evidence webinar: Appraising and using evidence about community conte...ALL the evidence webinar: Appraising and using evidence about community conte...
ALL the evidence webinar: Appraising and using evidence about community conte...
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
 
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan thirdGrade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
Grade 8, Quarter 3.pdf lesson plan third
 
transgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptxtransgenics_17b.pptx
transgenics_17b.pptx
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
 

The changing landscape of science

  • 1. The changing landscape of science Chelle L. Gentemann Earth & Space Research cgentemann@esr.org Research supported by the Schmidt Family Foundation, Saildrone, Inc., and NASA Physical Oceanography Image Credit: Saildrone, Inc. 1
  • 2. Background: sharing data • So… sharing is easy…. If you want too… 1990s: tape drives 2018: cheap local storage Cloud storage options 2
  • 3. Sharing data Figure credit: Grandjean, Martin (2014). "La connaissance est un réseau". Les Cahiers du Numérique 10 (3): 37-54. DOI:10.3166/LCN.10.3.37-54 3
  • 4. But people still don’t share data…. Legal reasons… data includes confidential information data collection funded by agency/institution with a closed policy security (export control) issues Career / funding: I collected this data. It is mine. I won’t advance if I don’t publish, I won’t get more funding on this topic. Other concerns: Other researchers will misuse or misinterpret the data It takes too much effort to document the data Other people helped produce the data, they will never agree to share it I’m a scientists not a data provider, this isn’t my job 4
  • 5. Sharing data Figure credit: Grandjean, Martin (2014). "La connaissance est un réseau". Les Cahiers du Numérique 10 (3): 37-54. DOI:10.3166/LCN.10.3.37-54 5
  • 7. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Share data, but ensure credit. If you are a civil servant, public domain applies. Otherwise license your data. https://creativecommons.org/lic enses/ Image credit: https://www.ands.org.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/715155/Digital-Object-Identifiers.pdf 8 Image credit: Creative Commons Guide with as source How To Attribute Creative Commons Photos
  • 8. Attitudes Image credit: Open Data Report Elsevier 2017 9
  • 9. Journal policies are changing https://publications.agu.org/author-resource-center/publication-policies/data-policy/ AGU affirmed in its 2012 position statement that “Earth and space science data should be widely accessible in multiple formats and long‐term preservation of data is an integral responsibility of scientists and sponsoring institutions.” Following this statement and to advance scientific exploration and discovery, and allow a full assessment of results presented in AGU’s journals, all data necessary to understand, evaluate, replicate, and build upon the reported research must be made available and accessible whenever possible. For the purposes of this policy, data include, but are not limited to, the following: Data used to generate, or be displayed in, figures, graphs, plots, videos, animations, or tables in a paper. New protocols or methods used to generate the data in a paper. New code/computer software used to generate results or analyses reported in the paper. Derived data products reported or described in a paper. 10
  • 10. Federal Policy • 2013 OSTP memo, “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research”, aims to ensure “that, to the greatest extent and with the fewest constraints possible … , the direct results of federally funded scientific research are made available to and useful for the public, industry, and the scientific community. Such results include peer-reviewed publications and digital data.” • 2016 OMB memo, “Federal Source Code Policy: Achieving Efficiency, Transparency, and Innovation through Reusable and Open Source Software” (M-16-21), requires agencies to consider the value of publishing the code they develop as open-source software and to establish requirements for releasing custom-developed source code. 11
  • 11. NOAA open data • In 2004, NOAA policy included “NOAA will promote the open and unrestricted exchange of environmental information worldwide” • NOAA CIO Zach Goldstein describes, “It’s our job to get that data out there. The data doesn’t belong to us, it belongs to the American people.” • In 2017 NOAA created Chief Data Officer position http://odimpact.org/files/case-studies-noaa.pdf Quote from GovLab interview with Zachary Goldstein, Chief Information Officer, NOAA, September 3, 2015. 12
  • 12. Digital Globe • https://discover.digitalglobe.com/ • 2003 – present, some at .5m resolution 13
  • 13. Open source software • The next logical step after open data is open software – Reproducibility – Advancing science – Accelerating science • Tools are now mature enough to make open software relatively easy (GitHub, GitLab, BitBucket) 14
  • 14. Open source collaborations expanding Come gather 'round people Wherever you roam And admit that the waters Around you have grown And accept it that soon You'll be drenched to the bone. If your time to you Is worth savin' Then you better start swimmin' Or you'll sink like a stone For the times they are a-changin'. -Bob Dylan 15
  • 15. Python Ecosystem Image credit: Jake Vanderplas, UW 16
  • 17. Expand Openly sharing software creates a traceable resource for your work. GitHub + Zenodo for DOI. Putting figures on figshare with CC-BY allows people to easily reuse and ensures credit Putting data in dataverse or institutional archive, with an assigned DOI and license ensures credit and visibility Make it easy to find your work Make it easy to cite your work Make it easy to collaborate with you 18
  • 18. Using Saildrone autonomous in situ data for satellite validation and research into upper ocean physics and ecology Co-Investigators: S. Akella, I. Cetinić, Y. Chao, M. Chin, M. Daugharty, K. Dohan, J. Dorman, M. Fewings, X. Flores-Vidal, B. Fox-Kemper, B. Franz, M. García-Reyes, J. Gomez Valdes, E. Hazen, J. Høyer, J. Largier, P. Mazzini, J. Scott, W. Sydeman, J. Vazquez, F. Veron, J. Werdell, L. Yu, K. Zaba. Institutions: Brown University, CODAR Ocean Sensors, Danish Meteorological Institute, Earth and Space Research, Ensenada Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education, Farallon Institute, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA GMAO, NASA GSFC, Remote Sensing Solutions, San Francisco State University, Science Systems and Applications Inc., Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Universities Space Research Association, University of Baja California, University of California Davis, University of California Santa Cruz, University of Connecticut, University of Miami, University of Rhode Island, University of Delaware, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Project funded by: Saildrone Inc. & The Schmidt Family Foundation Image credit: Saildrone, Inc. C. Gentemann, ESR P. Minnett, U. Miami P. Cornillon, U. Rhode Island 19
  • 19. Unmanned Surface Vehicle Image credit: Saildrone, Inc. 20
  • 20. Saildrones have collected data from 2015 on… Image credit: Saildrone, Inc. 21
  • 22. Baja Cruise 11 April – 11 June 2018 60-day cruise Along-wind and across wind sampling of fronts Data freely available (format finalized soon) on google drive (soon NASA.PODAAC) CC-BY-NC license Software repository for project: https://github.com/cgentemann /Saildrone 23
  • 23. April 11 - June 11, 2018 4 temperature loggers added by NASA Physical Oceanography Program 295mm 500mm 985mm 1420mm 1785mm 24 Assistant ScientistsSaildrone Engineers
  • 24. Baja Cruise: real time data Data explorer : web interface provided by Saildrone to visualize data while cruise is occurring. Data from instruments on Saildrone as well as model analyses (SST, SSS, currents, etc.) are shown 25
  • 25. Direct and task USV Data explorer : web interface for tasking USV. This allows for control of the USV to sample fronts and adjust the track as they move. Points are set, with a ‘width’ set that controls the distance the USV is allowed to vary from the track. 26
  • 26. VIIRS SST and USV track Track designed to sample different types of fronts, provide data for validation of satellite environmental products, and areas with diurnal warming events 27
  • 27. Physics of observation At 55 deg there is .96 emissivity Changes with angle of observation In reality reflected radiance is quasi- specular B(Tskin) B(Tsky) CT15 is measuring the skin temperature and reflected sky temperature 28
  • 28. Skin minus bulk difference Noise due to reflected sky radiation ? Diurnal warming of surface skin layer 29
  • 29. Bulk SST Two measurements of ‘bulk’ SST at 0.6 m depth from the O2 sensor and a CTD. Comparison between the two ‘bulk’ SSTs below. There is a *very* small difference that is wind speed dependent, but they essentially are independently measuring the same temperature to O(0.01) Bulk SST is a high quality observation, bias is NOT in the bulk SST 30
  • 30. Collocated Saildrone data with GOES 16 SST data Cloudy day in SD area Clear sky in SD area, cloud contamination in other areas SD track for day shown in pink. 24 hour average of GOES SSTs shown in image. Missing data means that it was cloudy. Cold ‘speckle’ shows cloud contamination in SSTs. Cloud mask not perfect. 31
  • 31. Time series of collocated GOES and SD data Cloudy, no GOES matchups, smaller skin SST bias Clear Sky, GOES SST matchups, large neg. bias 32
  • 32. Cloudy, no GOES matchups, smaller skin SST bias Clear Sky, GOES SST matchups, large neg. bias Time series of collocated GOES and SD data: VERIFY, verify. verify. 33
  • 33. Upper ocean diurnal warming Mixing in the upper ocean This is how solar energy is transferred into the ocean resulting in the seasonal cycle of temperature How does upper ocean stratification change rates of mixing? 34
  • 34. Buoy collocations SST (K) Tair (K) u (ms-1) # obs buoy ID Bias STD Bias STD Bias STD 46011 0.20 0.18 0.22 0.14 1.00 0.40 19 46028 -0.02 0.30 -0.15 0.13 5.32 1.85 25 46042 -0.01 0.05 0.00 0.05 0.92 0.57 13 46047 -0.20 0.08 0.02 0.11 0.65 0.81 13 46086 -0.08 0.09 0.02 0.11 0.65 0.81 19 35
  • 35. Next steps • Organize research / publications on topics: • Quality of Saildrone observations, what looks good, what needs to be flagged, share flagged values • Prof. Gomez collocated drifters, circulation study • Zaba collocated glider ADCP analysis • Satellite – buoy – Saildrone collocation analysis, validation of SST, ocean color, salinity • HF Radar surface currents, OSCAR currents, and Saildrone validation • Coastal front analysis • Offshore front analysis • Across / Along winds front differences • Circulation in frontal regions • Baroclinic Instability waves along fronts • Diurnal warming in surface layer 36
  • 37. 2019-2022: 5 Arctic Cruises Image credit: NOAA PMEL Image credit: Saildrone NASA Physical Oceanography Program 38
  • 38. Summary 39 Open data policy for data from 1st day of cruise. Open source software repository on github. Partners on the project have given talks, given out Googledrive link. Initially, data shared via googledrive to anyone who requested access, CC-BY-NC license. Will be formally shared via NASA Physical Oceanography Data Active Archive (PO.DAAC) soon. Format and metadata are finalized. Working on documentation.
  • 39. Expand 40image credit: https://www.expertsystem.com/open-source-intelligence-used/ You know your data best. Reach out to your agency to share it.
  • 40. 41