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Open Science

Presentation given 11/2/2020 @ NASA

Open Science

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Towards open science:
Accelerating and
expanding NASA’s
scientific impact
Chelle Gentemann (she/her)
@chellegentemann
www.github.com/cgentemann
What is open science?
“a collaborative culture enabled
by technology that empowers the
open sharing of data,
information, and knowledge
within the scientific community
and the wider public to
accelerate scientific research
and understanding.”
Ramachandran, R., Bugbee, K., & Murphy, K. J.
(Submitted 2020). Moving from Open Data to Open
Science. Earth and Space Science, (Gold Access
Journal)
(1) increasing the accessibility to the
scientific process and the
corresponding body of knowledge;
(2) making both the research
process and knowledge sharing
more efficient
(3) understanding and assessing
scientific impact through innovative
new metrics.
Designed to….
Ramachandran, R., Bugbee, K., & Murphy, K. J. (Submitted 2020). Moving from Open Data to Open
Science. Earth and Space Science, (Gold Access Journal)
Who gets to participate?
In open science, power dynamics change
& there is public documentation of all
contributions
Murphy, M. C., Mejia, A. F., Mejia, J., Yan, X., Cheryan, S., Dasgupta, N., et al. (2020). Open science,
communal culture, and women’s participation in the movement to improve science.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(39), 24154–24164.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1921320117
Sometimes, science feel like a
fortress. Using data downloaded to a
local (closed) repository
Not sharing software
Running analysis on local
cyberinfrastructure
Publishing results in a
pay-wall journal
Project communications all
private (email)
Closed Research
Image: national geographic
Why is open science hard?
fotoseek.com

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Open Science

  • 1. Towards open science: Accelerating and expanding NASA’s scientific impact Chelle Gentemann (she/her) @chellegentemann www.github.com/cgentemann
  • 2. What is open science? “a collaborative culture enabled by technology that empowers the open sharing of data, information, and knowledge within the scientific community and the wider public to accelerate scientific research and understanding.” Ramachandran, R., Bugbee, K., & Murphy, K. J. (Submitted 2020). Moving from Open Data to Open Science. Earth and Space Science, (Gold Access Journal)
  • 3. (1) increasing the accessibility to the scientific process and the corresponding body of knowledge; (2) making both the research process and knowledge sharing more efficient (3) understanding and assessing scientific impact through innovative new metrics. Designed to…. Ramachandran, R., Bugbee, K., & Murphy, K. J. (Submitted 2020). Moving from Open Data to Open Science. Earth and Space Science, (Gold Access Journal)
  • 4. Who gets to participate? In open science, power dynamics change & there is public documentation of all contributions Murphy, M. C., Mejia, A. F., Mejia, J., Yan, X., Cheryan, S., Dasgupta, N., et al. (2020). Open science, communal culture, and women’s participation in the movement to improve science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(39), 24154–24164. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1921320117
  • 5. Sometimes, science feel like a fortress. Using data downloaded to a local (closed) repository Not sharing software Running analysis on local cyberinfrastructure Publishing results in a pay-wall journal Project communications all private (email) Closed Research Image: national geographic
  • 6. Why is open science hard? fotoseek.com
  • 7. let go of everything you fear Credit: Star Wars
  • 8. Open Science ● Open data ● Permissively licensed software public on GitHub ● Open Cyberinfrastructure ● Open access article with containerized code ● Project communication on GitHub & Discourse ● Mentorship ● Code of conduct https://youtu.be/qwBvTT9h_Qs
  • 9. A spectrum of openness Image credit: Pink Floyd to accelerate NASA science
  • 10. Open Data ● DMP contents? ● Continue efforts to enable access & usability (FAIR / Cloud / DAACS) ● When is data made open? What level of data is made open? How is access enabled? Permissive License? ● PI leadership & communication https://urbantide.com/fullstory2/2017/6/28/beyond-open-data-the-rise-of-data-sharing
  • 11. EVS2 OMG! - that is some fast data New scientist not part of OMG
  • 12. Software 7-steps to openness- SMP contents? 1. Publicly visible source code (github) 2. Licensed for reuse 3. Accepting contributions 4. Open development 5. Open decision making 6. Multi-institution engagement 7. Retirement https://coiled.io/blog/stages-of-openness/
  • 14. Open Cyberinfrastructure - Science Data Platforms ● Support platform agnostic, open source infrastructure solutions ● Challenge use of proprietary/platform specific software Image credit: https://2i2c.org/
  • 15. A super computer behind every device
  • 17. Binder - interactive tutorials (containerized) http://gallery.pangeo.io/
  • 18. Open dissemination ● Publish peer-reviewed articles in open-access journals ● +provide link to software ● +provide binder-link to reproduce all results, figures, and tables ● Actively engage with the public by ○ Starting a science blog ○ Working on a citizen science project or supporting hack-a-thons ○ Sharing your results on social media: Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, YouTube ○ Be sure to cite data, software and documentation in journal articles
  • 19. A holistic metric of openness? “Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted” - William Bruce Cameron Altmetrics - capture the attention research receiving - part of the solution? We need a metric that captures openness of data, software, infrastructure, dissemination. https://www.cloverdx.com/hubfs/metrics.jpg
  • 20. Open by Design (1) Build an inclusive community of scientists advancing open science (2) Incentivize openness (3) Highlight early adopter activities to motivate broader community (4) Coordinate -- move forward together
  • 21. Proposals: Plan and budget for openness (1) What information does a DMP or SMP contain? Where is information about dissemination plans? Examples? (2) Useful metrics? (3) What criteria are included in the review process (what information should be provided by proposal?) https://image.freepik.com/free-vector/follow-leader-concept_1025-106.jpg
  • 22. Teams: Plan and budget for openness (1) Open communication (2) Open dissemination (3) Shared resources (4) Mentorship process (5) Safe spaces
  • 23. Open to accelerate science “Give sufficient credit for whatever one would like to see shared, and scientists will indeed start sharing it” Bright & Heesen http://sootyempiric.blogspot.com/2020/11/the-head-and-heart-incentives-and-norms.html