In Memory of Troy DavisAmerica’s Death Penalty in the Age of Abolition                                Khadija Jones
Section 1:   BackgroundWhat is the Death Penalty?
What is capital punishment?   The lawful execution of those found guilty of capital    crimes.   Capital crimes eligible...
History of capital punishment in America.   First recorded execution by British American colonies    in 1608   Furman v....
States that do/not have the death penalty
How common is capital punishment?
Who is executed?
Who is executed?   (continued)
Innocence and Exonerations
Section 2:   Policy AnalysisIs the Death Penalty a Good Policy?
Controversy 1:What is JUSTICE?
 Is   THIS Justice?                       Yes!                       Justice for                       the Victim
Or is THISJustice?Yes! Justice for the Accused
The Justice System must be JUST toboth VICTIM and OFFENDER.  VICTIM                  OFFENDER
…but where does the fair balance lie  Justice for the   Justice for the      Victim          Accused
1: What is Justice? The death penalty only provides justice for the victim. There needs to be a fair balance between jus...
1: What is Justice? (continued)   In the U.S. Constitution, the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th,    and 14th amendments afford rights ...
2: Does the death penalty violate theConstitution?   8th Amendment: “…Nor cruel and unusual    punishments inflicted”
2: What counts as “cruel and unusual”?   The Death Penalty is cruel and unusual    punishment.   “the imposing of the de...
Furman v. Georgia (1972)   “the imposing of the death penalty…constitutes    cruel and unusual punishment in violation of...
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)   New statues were written to ensure a degree of    constituency in the application of the death ...
3: Is Justice blind, especially when it comesto race, gender, and class?
3: Is Justice blind?Not only is race a decisive factor,both gender and socio-economical class also determinewho receives a...
3: Is Justice blind?   Racial discrimination was one of the grounds on    which the Supreme Court ruled the Death Penalty...
3: Is justice blind, especially when it comesto race and class?
Accessing Political Acceptability     Is the Death Penalty a good public policy?
Public OpinionHow does society weigh in?
Direct Cost v. Opportunity Cost   Direct Costs                Opportunity Cost    (Cost of the                   (Cost of...
Evidence of effectiveness   Does the death penalty act as a deterrent to    capital crimes?
Evidence of effectiveness
Evidence of Disproportionate Impact   Blacks who kill Whites are more likely to be    executed.
Total political acceptability   The Death Penalty is NOT political    acceptable neither effective. It costs much    LESS...
Section 4: Alternative Policy Analysis            Life Imprisonment v. Death Penalty
Life Imprisonment          Any  sentence of imprisonment          for a serious crime where the          convicted person...
ComparisonControversy 1:            Not cruel and unusual if    Graham v. Florida                          applied in a ju...
Conclusion   Abolished and replaced.   Maximum at Life Imprisonment.
Work Cited   "American Civil Liberties Union." American Civil Liberties Union.    Web. 12 May 2012. <https://www.aclu.org...
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Khadija Jones - Death Penalty Thesis Presentation

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Khadija Jones is a senior graduating from Chavez Capitol Hill High School with a 3.1 G.P.A. She was awarded the “Outstanding Achievement” award from Legal Services Corporation and won the 3rd Place Speaker award in the Urban Debate League. Her volunteer and work experience include, New Orleans and Back, The Spirit of Black D.C. and a fellowship at the U.S. House of Representatives with Rep. Jared Polis. Miss Jones is interested in pursuing an undergraduate degree in history and a master’s degree in education. Khadija will be attending Coppin State College in the fall.

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Khadija Jones - Death Penalty Thesis Presentation

  1. 1. In Memory of Troy DavisAmerica’s Death Penalty in the Age of Abolition Khadija Jones
  2. 2. Section 1: BackgroundWhat is the Death Penalty?
  3. 3. What is capital punishment? The lawful execution of those found guilty of capital crimes. Capital crimes eligible for the death penalty vary by state. Usually include first-degree and aggravated murder.
  4. 4. History of capital punishment in America. First recorded execution by British American colonies in 1608 Furman v. Georgia (1972) Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
  5. 5. States that do/not have the death penalty
  6. 6. How common is capital punishment?
  7. 7. Who is executed?
  8. 8. Who is executed? (continued)
  9. 9. Innocence and Exonerations
  10. 10. Section 2: Policy AnalysisIs the Death Penalty a Good Policy?
  11. 11. Controversy 1:What is JUSTICE?
  12. 12.  Is THIS Justice? Yes! Justice for the Victim
  13. 13. Or is THISJustice?Yes! Justice for the Accused
  14. 14. The Justice System must be JUST toboth VICTIM and OFFENDER. VICTIM OFFENDER
  15. 15. …but where does the fair balance lie Justice for the Justice for the Victim Accused
  16. 16. 1: What is Justice? The death penalty only provides justice for the victim. There needs to be a fair balance between justice for the victim and justice for the accused.
  17. 17. 1: What is Justice? (continued) In the U.S. Constitution, the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 14th amendments afford rights to the accused to ensure protection.
  18. 18. 2: Does the death penalty violate theConstitution? 8th Amendment: “…Nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted”
  19. 19. 2: What counts as “cruel and unusual”? The Death Penalty is cruel and unusual punishment. “the imposing of the death penalty…constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the 14th and 8th amendments” (Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238)
  20. 20. Furman v. Georgia (1972) “the imposing of the death penalty…constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the 14th and 8th amendments” (Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238) The Death Penalty had been applied in a “harsh, freakish, arbitrary” and constitutionally unacceptable manner. The Death Penalty was suspended.
  21. 21. Gregg v. Georgia (1976) New statues were written to ensure a degree of constituency in the application of the death penalty. Two-stage trial procedure was created: 1. Jury determines guilt or innocence. 2. Chooses imprisonment or death based onexisting circumstances. Executions resumed in 1977.
  22. 22. 3: Is Justice blind, especially when it comesto race, gender, and class?
  23. 23. 3: Is Justice blind?Not only is race a decisive factor,both gender and socio-economical class also determinewho receives a death sentence andwho is executed.
  24. 24. 3: Is Justice blind? Racial discrimination was one of the grounds on which the Supreme Court ruled the Death Penalty unconstitutional in Furman. People of color account for a 43% of total executions since 1976 and 55% of those currently awaiting execution. African-Americans make up 13% of the nation’s population. 50% of inmates on federal death row are African Americans.
  25. 25. 3: Is justice blind, especially when it comesto race and class?
  26. 26. Accessing Political Acceptability Is the Death Penalty a good public policy?
  27. 27. Public OpinionHow does society weigh in?
  28. 28. Direct Cost v. Opportunity Cost Direct Costs Opportunity Cost (Cost of the (Cost of Life Death Penalty): Imprisonment): Depending on each • $22k/year/inmate state ranges between $2.3 million to $114 • Taxpayers pay $32 million. Including cost billion/year of detention on death • Cost of a Life Term row, prosecutors, def ense attorneys etc. averages $1.5 million
  29. 29. Evidence of effectiveness Does the death penalty act as a deterrent to capital crimes?
  30. 30. Evidence of effectiveness
  31. 31. Evidence of Disproportionate Impact Blacks who kill Whites are more likely to be executed.
  32. 32. Total political acceptability The Death Penalty is NOT political acceptable neither effective. It costs much LESS (in billions) to imprison a person for life without the possibility of parole. The United States would save money by abolishing the Death Penalty.
  33. 33. Section 4: Alternative Policy Analysis Life Imprisonment v. Death Penalty
  34. 34. Life Imprisonment  Any sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime where the convicted person is to remain in jail for the rest of his or her life.
  35. 35. ComparisonControversy 1: Not cruel and unusual if Graham v. Florida applied in a just manner.Cruel and Unusual Sentencing to minors toPunishment life w/o parole for crimes other than 1st degree murder violates 8th Amendment.Controversy 2: The executed criminal Criminals are will never kill again. incarcerated and isolatedCrime Deterrent from society. Yet there is NO direct correlation.Controversy 3: 43% of executions since Make up less than 14% 1976. of US population.Disproportionate Affectof People of Color Black men make up 40% of inmates in US Prison System.
  36. 36. Conclusion Abolished and replaced. Maximum at Life Imprisonment.
  37. 37. Work Cited "American Civil Liberties Union." American Civil Liberties Union. Web. 12 May 2012. <https://www.aclu.org/capital-punishment/case- against-death-penalty>. Baumgartner, M. P. The Social Organization of Law. San Diego: Academic, 1999. Print. Garland, David, Michael Meranze, and Randall McGowen. Americas Death Penalty: Between past and Present. New York: New York UP, 2011. Print. Garland, David. Peculiar Institution: Americas Death Penalty in an Age of Abolition. Cambridge, MA: Belknap of Harvard UP, 2010. Print.

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