Legal Issues in Online Environment


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Bangsar South City Knowledge Clinics - Online Security & Data Protection on 30 June 2011

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Legal Issues in Online Environment

  1. 1. Legal Issues in the Online Environment<br />Adlin Abdul Majid<br />30 June 2011<br />1<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Legal Framework<br />Address Convergence of Technologies<br />Communications & Multimedia Act 1998<br />Malaysian Communications & Multimedia Commission Act 1998<br />Promote Innovation & Content Creation<br />Copyright Act 1987 (1997 + 2003 Amendments)<br />Optical Discs Act 2000<br />Facilitate e-Commerce & e-Transactions<br />Digital Signature Act 1997<br />Electronic Commerce Act 2006<br />Electronic Government Activities Act 2007<br />Personal Data Protection Act 2010<br />Tackle Harmful & Disruptive Activities<br />Computer Crimes Act 1997<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Address Convergence of Technologies<br />Communications & Multimedia Act 1998<br /><ul><li>Repeals telecommunication & broadcasting laws
  4. 4. Addresses convergence of technologies
  5. 5. Main policy objective: Malaysia as global hub for communications & multimedia information content services
  6. 6. Malaysian Communication & Multimedia Commission (MCMC) as regulator</li></li></ul><li>4<br />Address Convergence of Technologies<br />CMA: Regulatory Principles<br />National Policy Objective:<br />To establish Malaysia as a major global centre for communications & multimedia information & content services<br />1. National interest prevails<br />2. Transparency<br />3. Less regulation<br />4. Technology neutrality<br />Social Regulation<br />Content developers must have incentives <br />to invest & innovate in applications & <br />services that promote Malaysian culture, <br />identity & values<br />Consumer Regulation<br />Consumers have the right to high quality <br />services that are reliable, easily accessible <br />& affordable from the service provider <br />of their choice<br />Technical Regulation<br />Networks & services must be inter-<br />operable, safe, secure, reliable & <br />guarantee the integrity of services <br />delivered<br />Economic Regulation<br />Industry players must have incentives to <br />invest, innovate & interconnect for <br />benefit of end-users. They must also <br />have incentives to encourage export <br />of service<br />
  7. 7. 5<br />Promote Innovation & Content Creation<br />Copyright Act 1987: <br /><ul><li>Literary work, musical work, artistic work, film, sound recording, broadcast</li></ul>Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997:<br /><ul><li>New categories of infringements:
  8. 8. Unauthorised transmission of copyrighted works over the internet
  9. 9. Circumvention of effective technological measures aimed at restricting access to works
  10. 10. Removal / alteration of electronic rights management information without authority
  11. 11. Distribution of works where electronic rights management information has been removed / altered without permission</li></li></ul><li>6<br />Promote Innovation & Content Creation<br />Efforts to Curb Piracy<br />Copyright (Amendment) Act 2003:<br /><ul><li>Amendments intended to deter piracy by:
  12. 12. Increasing fines & terms of imprisonment for offences relating to the manufacture, possession, sale & distribution of infringing copies
  13. 13. Allowing police & authorities to arrest without warrant</li></ul>Optical Discs Act 2000: <br /><ul><li>Regulates manufacture of optical discs through licensing
  14. 14. Allows enforcement agents access for regular inspection</li></li></ul><li>7<br />Promote Innovation & Content Creation<br />Internet Censorship<br /><ul><li>MSC Malaysia Bill of Guarantee No 7: To ensure no censorship of the internet
  15. 15. S 3(3) CMA: Nothing in this Act shall be construed as permitting the censorship of the internet
  16. 16. S 263(2) CMA: A licensee shall, upon written request by the Commission or any other authority, assist the Commission or other authority as far as reasonably necessary in preventing the commission or attempted commission of an offence under any written law of Malaysia or otherwise in enforcing the laws of Malaysia, including, but not limited to, the protection of the public revenue and preservation of national security</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Authenticate & ensures integrity of e-documents
  17. 17. All Certification Authorities need to obtain license from MCMC
  18. 18. Licensed CA issues certificate to a subscriber upon satisfaction of certain conditions
  19. 19. Express legal recognition of electronic transactions
  20. 20. To facilitate the electronic delivery of government services to public</li></ul>8<br />Facilitate e-Commerce & e-Transactions<br />Digital Signature Act 1997<br />Electronic Commerce Act 2006<br />Electronic Government Activities Act 2007<br />Personal Data Protection Act 2010<br />
  21. 21. Tackle Harmful & Disruptive Activities<br />Others<br />Hacking<br />Spamming<br />Phishing<br />DoS<br />9<br />
  22. 22. 10<br />Conclusion<br />
  23. 23. Thank You<br />11<br />