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Antibiotic resistance -aveen omer

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brief introduction for antibiotic resistance & START group of IFMSA.

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Antibiotic resistance -aveen omer

  1. 1. Aveen OmerHawler College of Medicine/Kurdistan
  2. 2. What are antibiotics? The word antibiotic comes from the Greek anti meaning against and bios meaning life‘ Antibiotics are also known as antibacterials.
  3. 3. Drugs used to treat infections caused by bacteria.An antibacterial is a compound or substance that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria
  4. 4. How Antibiotics work? Many mechanism:1. inhibiting cell wall growth and synthesis.2.Alter ribosomal function by inhibiting protein synthesis. 3. Interfere with replication of DNA or RNA.
  5. 5. 4. Drugs block the metabolic pathway essential for the life of the micro-organism.5. Disruption of the cell membrane permeability.
  6. 6. What’s antibiotic resistance? Occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth.The bacteria are "resistant" and continue to multiply in the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic.
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  9. 9. How bacteria get resistance to Antibiotics?? Mechanisms:1. Production of drug-inactivation enzymes.2. Structural modification of antibiotic target site.3. Anaerobic bacteria are resistant to the actions of Aminoglycosides
  10. 10. 4.Altered uptake of antibiotics>> resulting in decreased permeability, increased efflux.5. Development of alternative metabolic pathways.
  11. 11. Why is antimicrobialresistance a global concern? 
  12. 12. 1. Antibiotic resistance kills.2. Antibiotic resistance impedes the controlof infectious agents.3. with the problem of Antibioticresistance progressing.. Threats increaseto return to the pre-antibiotic era!
  13. 13. 4. Resistance of infectious agents toantibiotics, increases the costs of healthcare.5. Jeopardizes health-care gains to society.6. Threatens health security, and damagestrade and economies.
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  15. 15. Causes of Antibiotic resistance spreading; 1. Doctors who have become slave ofhabit.2. prescribing>> without checking for theantibiotic sensitivity tests and also usingbroad spectrum antibiotics.3. Cultural conceptions and patientsdemands.4.Antibiotics are on the-counter drugs.
  16. 16. 5. poverty6. Patient compliance7.The enormous growth  of global trade andtravel•“Trade and travel have increased the speed andfacility with which both infectious diseases andresistant microorganisms can spread betweencontinents.”
  17. 17. 8.Antibiotic use in food productionand animal care In several parts of the world, morethan 50% in tonnage of all antimicrobialproduction is used in food-producinganimals.
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  19. 19. Changing word to actions Would you like to be a doctor in a world where there were no antibiotics???
  20. 20. For 1 moment…STOP…and..THINK…
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  23. 23. React- Action on Antibiotic Resistance •An international initiative with its basein Sweden•Goal to reduce the development onantibiotic resistance• www.reactgroup.org
  24. 24. START Student’s Targeting Antibiotic Resistance Today!PUTITNG A SOTP TO ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE!
  25. 25. PUTITNG A SOTP TOANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE! 
  26. 26. An IFMSA group.Established>> December 2011Cecilia Kållberg >>>SwedenJannie Dressler >>>DenmarkAbout 50 members, from 29 different countries!
  27. 27. START structure Webpage groupPresentation/campaign groupArticle group Connections to stakeholdersPolicy Statement group
  28. 28. Short-term goals: 1. To educate and raise awareness.To create awareness about the topic/ to educate people on the hazards of indiscriminate use of antibiotics.To prevent the consicuances.
  29. 29. 2. To create materialTo create material that could be used by students when educating othersTo produce material that could be used beside presentations (posters etc.)
  30. 30. To share standard treatment guidelines amongst students at our universitiesTo conduct a survey on physicians knowledge about antibiotics and antibiotic resistance (se point 3 on the agenda)
  31. 31. Long-term goals: 1.To engage other groups.a. To ask med faculties to add classes on the subjectb. To ask hospitals to educate theiremployees also
  32. 32. How to start locally… 1.START>> gathering a group of interested studentsand members of IFMSA… also doctors2.Activities>>Seminars, Workshops…etc.3.Data collecting…surveys 
  33. 33. Thanx  
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