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Chapter 30.1 – texas government


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Chapter 30.1 – texas government

  1. 1. Section 1 – Texas Constitution
  2. 2. <ul><li>Popular sovereignty – principle of government that all political power comes from the people </li></ul><ul><li>Republic – govt in which authority comes from the people and power is exercised by elected officials according to set laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Government – principle of government in which power is limited by set laws, such as those in a constitution. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Separation of powers – principle of government in which powers are divided among the different government branches. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative branch – branch of government that makes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive branch – branch of government that enforces, or carries out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial branch – branch of government in which courts decide legal cases and interprets laws </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Checks and balances – governmental arrangement by which each different branch has the power to check, or restrict, the power of other branches </li></ul><ul><li>Veto – power exercised by the executive branch of government to reject a law </li></ul><ul><li>Override – legislative power to reverse a veto of a bill </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism – system of government that balances power by distributing them between one central and many regional governments </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Bill of rights – government document that outlines the civil liberties, or individual rights, that a government promises to protect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Bill of Rights found in Article 1: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of speech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the press </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trial by Jury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concludes that the state can never take away these rights </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Amendments – additions, changes, or corrections to a constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Constitution has been the basic law of the state since 1876. It has been amended more than 400 times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Member of legislature must bring about the amendment to be approved by 2/3 of each chamber to be finally voted on by the people. </li></ul></ul></ul>