Texas History
Chapter 2.1
The Physical Landscape of Texas
Why are we studying this?
Texans have long relied on the
state’s sources of water.
Texas has many different
resources incl...
Landforms of Texas
Landforms of Texas
• Major Landforms of Texas
–Plains
–Hills
–Plateaus
–Mountain ranges
Landforms of Texas
•Plains—areas of flat
or gently rolling land
without a sharp rise
or fall in elevation
Landforms of Texas
Landforms of Texas
•Plateaus—are areas
of flat elevated land
that drop sharply on
one or more sides
Landforms of Texas
• Texas “Hill
Country”
• Located in
Central
Texas
Texas Hill Country
Landforms of Texas
•Ranges—
groups of
mountains
Guadalupe Peak—
highest point in Texas
Photos from the
Guadalupe
Mountains
The Texas River System
The Texas River System
•All rivers and streams
in Texas eventually flow
into the Gulf of Mexico!
•Most Texas Rivers are
lo...
The Texas River System
• Tributaries—any smaller stream or
river that flows into a larger
stream or river
Which
river is a...
The Texas River System
• Major River Systems
– Tributaries of the Mississippi
• Red River
• Canadian River
– Flow directly...
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
• Few natural lakes
• Caddo Lake: largest
natural lake in state
• Hundreds of artificial
lakes
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
•Reservoirs—artificial
lakes that store water
and are often used as a
source of water by
towns and ...
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
•Reservoirs also used
for irrigation
•Irrigation—supplying of
water to crops by
artificial means
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
•Aquifer—natural
formations of
underground gravel,
rock, or sand that trap
and hold rainwater
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
•Refilling/Recharging is
usually a slow process
•Provide water for
farms, home, & industry
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
• Ogallala Aquifer
–largest underground aquifer in
the state
–stretches from Texas and
New Mexico a...
Texas Lakes & Aquifers
• Edwards Aquifer
–underground water source
for Central Texas
–water source for Austin
and San Anto...
Tx history-ch-2.1
Tx history-ch-2.1
Tx history-ch-2.1
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Tx history-ch-2.1

  1. 1. Texas History Chapter 2.1 The Physical Landscape of Texas
  2. 2. Why are we studying this? Texans have long relied on the state’s sources of water. Texas has many different resources including aquifers and reservoirs.
  3. 3. Landforms of Texas
  4. 4. Landforms of Texas • Major Landforms of Texas –Plains –Hills –Plateaus –Mountain ranges
  5. 5. Landforms of Texas •Plains—areas of flat or gently rolling land without a sharp rise or fall in elevation
  6. 6. Landforms of Texas
  7. 7. Landforms of Texas •Plateaus—are areas of flat elevated land that drop sharply on one or more sides
  8. 8. Landforms of Texas • Texas “Hill Country” • Located in Central Texas Texas Hill Country
  9. 9. Landforms of Texas •Ranges— groups of mountains Guadalupe Peak— highest point in Texas
  10. 10. Photos from the Guadalupe Mountains
  11. 11. The Texas River System
  12. 12. The Texas River System •All rivers and streams in Texas eventually flow into the Gulf of Mexico! •Most Texas Rivers are located in East Texas!
  13. 13. The Texas River System • Tributaries—any smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river Which river is a tributary to the Rio Grande?
  14. 14. The Texas River System • Major River Systems – Tributaries of the Mississippi • Red River • Canadian River – Flow directly into Gulf of Mexico • Brazos • Colorado • Neches • Nueces • Sabine • Trinity – Rio Grande and Tributaries • Rio Grande • Pecos
  15. 15. Texas Lakes & Aquifers • Few natural lakes • Caddo Lake: largest natural lake in state • Hundreds of artificial lakes
  16. 16. Texas Lakes & Aquifers •Reservoirs—artificial lakes that store water and are often used as a source of water by towns and cities
  17. 17. Texas Lakes & Aquifers •Reservoirs also used for irrigation •Irrigation—supplying of water to crops by artificial means
  18. 18. Texas Lakes & Aquifers •Aquifer—natural formations of underground gravel, rock, or sand that trap and hold rainwater
  19. 19. Texas Lakes & Aquifers •Refilling/Recharging is usually a slow process •Provide water for farms, home, & industry
  20. 20. Texas Lakes & Aquifers • Ogallala Aquifer –largest underground aquifer in the state –stretches from Texas and New Mexico all the way to South Dakota
  21. 21. Texas Lakes & Aquifers • Edwards Aquifer –underground water source for Central Texas –water source for Austin and San Antonio

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