Section 5 – State Budget and Public Education
<ul><li>Appropriation Bill –  bill that sets the amount of money to be spent by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue ...
<ul><li>Texas uses a biennial, or two year, budget. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2010, the state budget was $182 billion dolla...
<ul><li>The two agencies analyze funding requests and send a budget proposal to the Senate Finance Committee and to the Ho...
<ul><li>Each chamber then prepares and approves an  appropriation   bill . </li></ul><ul><li>Then both chambers must then ...
<ul><li>The Texas Constitution requires a balanced budget. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the comptroller approves the budget bill...
<ul><li>State government obtains the billions of dollars it needs from several sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales tax made u...
<ul><li>State funds are used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To build highways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay state employees </li>...
<ul><li>Texas Constitution requires free public education. </li></ul><ul><li>Some 4.3 million students attend school </li>...
<ul><li>State provides money through Permanent School Fund. ($ comes from state taxes and investments). </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Administration of Public Schools is divided between state and local. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State level  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Administration of Public Schools is divided between state and local. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local level </li></ul><...
Should local residents have to pay property taxes to fund local public schools if they do not have school-age children?  O...
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Chapter 30.5 budget and educationl

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Chapter 30.5 budget and educationl

  1. 1. Section 5 – State Budget and Public Education
  2. 2. <ul><li>Appropriation Bill – bill that sets the amount of money to be spent by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue – government income </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Budget and Planning – Texas government office of the Executive Branch that hears funding requests from all state agencies and offices along with the Legislative Budget Board. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Budget Board – Texas government agency (part of the legislative branch) that includes nine senior legislators and the lt. governor; hears funding requests from all state agencies. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Texas uses a biennial, or two year, budget. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2010, the state budget was $182 billion dollars. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Budget requests go to two agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Office of Budget and Planning (Executive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Budget Board (Legislative) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The two agencies analyze funding requests and send a budget proposal to the Senate Finance Committee and to the House Appropriations Committee. </li></ul><ul><li>These two committees study proposals independently, and each recommend a budget to its chamber. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Each chamber then prepares and approves an appropriation bill . </li></ul><ul><li>Then both chambers must then pass a final version of the bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Then the budget bill goes to the Comptroller of Public Accounts. This official determines whether the state will receive enough revenue , to cover the budget. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Texas Constitution requires a balanced budget. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the comptroller approves the budget bill, it goes to the governor to be signed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>State government obtains the billions of dollars it needs from several sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales tax made up about 55 percent of the state’s tax revenue. (time of sale) </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010, </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Fuels Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Sales Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Rental Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Franchise Tax – corporations $29.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Grants - $65.5 billion </li></ul>Motor/Vehicle/Rental Combined brought in $80.6 Billion
  8. 8. <ul><li>State funds are used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To build highways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay state employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide many public services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health and Human Services (in 2010, spent $59.7 billion) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education (in 2010, spent $75.4 billion) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Texas Constitution requires free public education. </li></ul><ul><li>Some 4.3 million students attend school </li></ul><ul><li>State and local governments provide most of the funding. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>State provides money through Permanent School Fund. ($ comes from state taxes and investments). </li></ul><ul><li>Local property tax contribute heavily </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collin County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frisco ISD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plano </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal Government also provides some funds </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Administration of Public Schools is divided between state and local. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Board of Education sets public education policy and reviews textbooks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Education Agency puts policy into effect. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Administration of Public Schools is divided between state and local. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 1000 independent school districts run schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board of Trustees or school boards govern these districts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange for school construction, select textbooks, and set property tax rates. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also hire superintendents to run the day-to-day business of the school district. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Should local residents have to pay property taxes to fund local public schools if they do not have school-age children? OR Should only residents with school-age children pay property taxes?

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