COURSE NAME: TEXTILE PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
Name: S. M. Naeem Rahman
ID NO: 132-23-194
Bangladesh Textile &
Ideas for today and tomorrow
The textile and apparel industries provide the single
source of economic growth in Bangladesh's
rapidly developing economy. Exports of textiles and
garments are the principal source of foreign exchange
Today the apparel export sector is a mufti-billion-dollar
manufacturing and export industry in the country.
Many researchers have investigated working conditions in the
Bangladesh garments industry. In fact Working conditions in the
RMG(Ready Made Garments) sector are below standard and do not
meet the ILO standards.
Labour standards and rights are commonly ignored in the RMG
factories in Bangladesh: poor practices include the absence of trade
unions informal recruitment, and irregular payment, sudden
termination, wage discrimination, excessive work, and abusing child
There are only 9 export oriented
manufacturing industry in 1978 , such
as Reaz gmts. Paris gmts. Jewel
gmts. & Boishaki gmts.
Reaz gmts establish in 1960. But
in1973 it changed it’s name to Reaz
gmts Ltd & started to export by
selling 10000 pcs of shirt to France,
valued 13 million franc in 1978.That
was first direct export of apparel.
Desh gmts.Ltd first joint venture in
Bangladesh , technical & marketing
collaboration with S.Korean Daewoo
corporation , established in 1979 .
First 100% export oriented company .
In the 1980s, there were only 50 factories employing only a few
thousand people. Currently, there are 4490 manufacturing units.
The RMG sector contributes around 76 percent to the total export
earnings. In 2007 it earned $9.35 billion.
This sector also contributes around 13 percent to the GDP, which
was only around 3 percent in 1991. Of the estimated 4.2 million
people employed in this sector, about 50 percent of them are
women from rural areas.
In 2000, the industry consisting of some 3000 factories employed
directly more than 1.5 million workers of whom almost 80% were
female. USA is the largest importer of Bangladeshi RMG products,
followed by Germany, UK, France and other E.Ucountries.
• Textile and apparel firms in Bangladesh are mostly concentrated around the
capital city of Dhaka.
International Communication available
Easy for buyers to visit, inspect etc.
Trained technical manpower easily available
All financial institutions H.Q in Dhaka
Five to six hours travel time to Chittagong by road
Utilities such as gas, electricity, water availability better
Year-wise/Schedule Textile and
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Textiles and Apparels
Textiles and Apparels
Scope for Bangladesh in RMG
Current trends on the
China is losing its
attractiveness for new
Foreign buyers are
keen to invest
because of the cheap
are maintaining good
quality for years.
Reasons OfTheWeakness OfTrade Union Movement In Bangladesh :
• 1. Disunity and division of organizations.
• 2. Unlimited and long working hours.
• 3. Absence of Job security.
• 4. Migration from factory to factory.
• 5. Absence of weekly holiday and other holidays.
• 6. Majority of women.
• 7. State policy.
• 8. Elite class ownership.
• 9. Low wage.
• 10. Unemployment of the country.
• 11. Building structure is not good.
• 12. No unity in Worker.
• 13. No special training & proper education in the female
Comparative Statement on Export of
Textile & Apparels and Total Export of
% OF RMG'S TO TOTAL EXPORT
Figure : Comparative Statement on
Export Growth Of RMG In Bangladesh
Contact Directly to the apparel producers regarding price, samples,
delivery schedule etc – more dependency on manufactures regarding
Production Agencies/Buying house:Take care of product development,
purchase of fabrics and accessories, follow up production, conducting
inspection, scheduling shipment date etc.
Satellite office: Has own QC dept. and other staffs to conduct the
Goal and Objective
Workers investments on family pension schemes etc. create
15 years and above had their own bank accounts.
A higher proportion of workers (30 percent) had bank
accounts in the EPZ.
Women are on average better savers than men.
Women save about 7.6 percent of their otherwise small
Current infrastructures should be modified from the government side.
Investment in education requires broad initiatives.
A long term strategy should be developed to secure the raw materials supply as
Ensure high quality machine, so that they can produce high quality product.
Trained up workers by various diploma course.